Use 'Murder (Homicide)' as a type of criminal behaviour and 'outline' how Adrian Raine's psychological research (linked below) has helped in ...? Use 'Murder (Homicide)' as a type of criminal...

Use 'Murder (Homicide)' as a type of criminal behaviour and 'outline' how Adrian Raine's psychological research (linked below) has helped in ...?

Use 'Murder (Homicide)' as a type of criminal behaviour and 'outline' how Adrian Raine's psychological research (linked below) has helped in the understanding of criminal behaviour?

Adrian Raine's psychological research -

http://www.holah.karoo.net/raine.htm

Expert Answers
M.P. Ossa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Adrian Raine's goal with his experiment was to correlate behavior to cognitive disability, that is, if a criminal pleads not guilty for reasons of insanity (NGRI), then it is assumed that such insanity is the result of brain damage.

What Rained did was to take 6 NGRI criminals, 41 controls, and conduct PET scans on them, to determine whether their brains showed any pattern of damage. It was found that they indeed had a tendency to show a different corpus callosum and pre frontal cortexes that insinuate that these persons had a lack of inhibition and fear that a regular person would have.

However, careful consideration was given to these results, and psychiatrists stated that biology alone should NOT be held responsible for the criminal behaviors of others- there is such a thing as social learning, and rehabilitation is one of the biggest examples of it- Hence, the conclusion is that Homicide may be a tendency in some, an obsession in others, and the last resort in a case of self-defense. However, in terms of the law, biology is not included as a causative factor of behavior or citizenship so the results of a PET scan may not be included in an investigation. It will be the discretion of the judge.

Therefore, what this teaches us about murder is that there is a root for violent and insane behavior that is nested within ourt brain. People with tendencies to irrational behavior definitely demonstrate that their brains work differently. It also opens to a debate the relationship between nature and society, and how they both interact to mold our behavior. Although Raine himself said that the findings are not the ultimate answer to the question of insanity, they still give light to many considerations to give people to claim to be it.