Use 'Cloning' as an example of a scientific development and indicate briefly what the moral and ethical issues raised are?
The main issue here is whether or not man has the right to create life. There are many questions to ponder when thinking about cloning. For example, cloning could lead to breakthroughs in science regarding cures for diseases like cancer. But on the other hand, cloning is experimental. Do we have the right to terminate the life of a clone if it is not developing correctly? And what happens to these clones?
From a religious standpoint, many would ask if a clone has a soul or whether or not it is even right to create life (or destroy it once is was created).
Not only is cloning a spiritual issue, but it is a moral and financial issue as well. Who do we clone or who should we cone? Do we clone only "good" people or only people who are productive members of society? IIs it so cost prohibitive that only wealthy peoiple can clone others? Can we clone "bad" people to more fully understand their behavior, and if we do and he or she "escaped" and continued their evil practices, who is to blame?
Also, could we spend money on cloning soldiers so they could fight our battles for us? And should we clone astronauts or explorers so we have no more risk in exploration of the unknown?
Claiming is one of those issues that raises more questions than it has answers for. I think it will end up to be a legislative process.
Just this evening I saw a report on television on this topic. Recently they have collected enough DNA from and ancient body. Scientists believe they may be able to make a clone using the DNA. The ethics committees are debating if it is ethical to clone a being that is closely related to a human.
The problem that arises is one that is already common to science. Science is moving faster than the laws that can define the results. One of the biggest moral issues in regards to cloning is does man have the right to create life? This issue also co-insides with many spiritual beliefs and the crossing of the lines between science and religion.
Other concerns are should cloning be allowed with humans and should it be successful, what is the level of emotional and physical ramifications would exist for a cloned human being? There are not easy answers and like so many other advanced areas in science, the questions will arise more and more as science progresses.
Another concern is that cloning may lead to many damaged or deformed fetus' during the learning process and then what would happen to those clones could be tragic or create even more unethical outcomes.