What evidence/arguments can you make that the U.S is to be blamed for the Cold War? Only until 1949. I said in my intro its because of their fear and overreaction, and that Truman cannot be...

What evidence/arguments can you make that the U.S is to be blamed for the Cold War?

Only until 1949. I said in my intro its because of their fear and overreaction, and that Truman cannot be trusted. I just don't know what to use to back up what I've said. I have no choice but to do the U.S. Thanks

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The main argument that you can make for the idea that the US was at fault for the Cold War is to say that the US overreacted to legitimate Russian fears and concerns.  You can say that the Russians acted in very understandable ways after WWII and the US misinterpreted those actions.  Of course, this is only one point of view and it is not necessary to agree with this idea.

After the war, the Soviets wanted to dominate Eastern Europe (the part between them and Western Europe).  We can argue that this was completely reasonable on their part.  A number of times in their history, they had been invaded from that direction (by the French and the Germans).  It was understandable that they wanted to have a buffer zone that they controlled to make it much harder for any Western European country to attack them in the future.  You can argue that the US overreacted to this and assumed that the Russians actually wanted to dominate all of Europe.  The US (in this view) should not have seen this as an aggressive move that needed to be opposed but rather as a defensive move that could be tolerated.

Second, we can argue that the US should have understood that the Soviets would not trust them.  From the Soviet point of view, the US had been anti-Soviet.  The US had helped try to overthrow the Bolsheviks after WWI.  It had not even recognized the Soviet Union’s existence until 1933.  It had refused to open a second front in Western Europe at a time when the Soviet Union was being severely pressured by the German military and was in danger of collapsing.  This made it look like the US wanted Germany and the Soviets to destroy one another so that the US could have all the power after the war.  All of this made the Soviets think that the US was out to get them.  The US should have understood this and should not have gotten angry when the Soviets demonstrated a lack of trust.  The US should not have thought of this as a hostile action.

In other words, you can argue that the US misunderstood Soviet actions.  You can say that the US did not understand that Soviet actions were understandable.  Instead, it took Soviet actions as evidence of Soviet aggression and overreacted, bringing about the Cold War.

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