How did the Nazi Party remove the rights of the Jewish people?

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akannan's profile pic

Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The process of removing the rights of Jewish people was not something that was instantaneous.  It took time.  Over a period of five to seven years, Hitler and the Nazis were able to strip away much of the political, civil, and economic rights of the "non- Aryans."  The specific targeting of Jewish individuals was one of many groups the Nazis were able to isolate and reduce to being a marginal voice, at best.  This process consisted of making laws that required detailed paperwork to simply live in Germany at the time, the forbidding of Jewish ownership of businesses, the lack of voting rights and political representation, and the suspension of driving licenses and automobile registrations.  Actions such as these helped to make the rights of Jewish people disappear over time under the rule of Hitler.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

In Nazi Germany before World War II started, the Nazi Party did a variety of things that were meant to take rights away from Jewish citizens.  These actions ultimately led to the extermination camps that the Nazis made during the war.

Of course, you will not want to take this and submit it as your half page essay.  You will need to rewrite this so that it sounds like something you are capable of writing.

Basically, the Nazis took small rights away from the Jews first.  They banned them from being doctors and lawyers, for example.  And they forced them to wear these Stars of David to show that they were Jews.  They forbade Jews and non-Jews from intermarrying.  There were lots of other small things like that.

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brettd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

Well, I can't write your half page essay for you, but let me give you some talking points to get organized around.

Discrimination against the Jews began almost as soon as Hitler came to power in 1933. 

1) Jews were encouraged to leave the country, and thousands did. 

2) Starting in 1935 the Race and Resettlement Laws were passed that kicked Jews out of public schools, certain professions like teaching and medicine, and forbid Jews and non-Jews to get married, date or have sexual relations.

3) In 1938 an assassination of a lowly German official by a Jew sparked government sponsored riots across Germany that killed dozens of Jews and led to the arrests of 2000 more.  After this Kristallnacht, or "Night of the Broken Glass", discrimination against Jews accelerated. 

4) They were segregated into ghettos, starved, forced into labor

5) Jews were deported to concentration camps, where most of them were murdered.

moustacio's profile pic

moustacio | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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It initially started with the dehumanization of the Jews, who were increasingly classified in German society as humans with no rights – they were to be demarcated as a separate community with identifying marks. This was enforced through the Nuremberg Laws. Driven by anti-Semitic sentiments within the party, the laws sought to effectively eliminate the so-called race threat that the Nazis had identified within the Jewish population. It redefined ethnicity (Jews were no longer viewed as a religious group but were instead recognised by one’s parentage - anyone who had three or more Jewish grandparents was identified as a Jew) and made it impossible for the Jews to do anything in Germany. As a minority group that had been financially successful and disproportionately well-represented, the Jews now found themselves degraded to second-class citizens in their own country. They were excluded from German citizenship and increasingly forced to cede their ownership rights of businesses to German subordinates or colleagues. In an humiliating gesture, the Jews were also forced to bear identifying marks that demarcated their Jewish status in public. Similarly, anti-Semitic attacks against the Jewish population were not only tolerated but encouraged by the party. The laws, by banning mixed marriages and procreation between the “race enemy” and the pure Aryan, too sought to prevent the Jews from contaminating the German ethnic race. In doing so, the Nuremberg Laws essentially served as a means to keep the financial and political power of the Jews in check, and to, in the long run, eliminate them from all forms of German life. This was followed by ghettoization as Jewish citizens were forcibly moved to older and poorer neighborhoods and literally fenced in or confined there by the German police, as well as the military. 

Such policies were stepped up with the launching of Operation Barbarossa – the war was to be treated as a war of imperial encroachment. The Nazi state drew a heavy and close relationship between their aims of destroying the communist state and obliterating the Jews, who formed the principal targets. Orders were issued via the army in March, April and May 1941 and mobile killing was carried out by the Einsatzgruppen, which were heavily armed mobile killing squads that were used to eliminate all the undesirables in German-occupied territories.

However, there were simply too many of them to be killed. The tactic of using the Einsatzgruppen was failing since there were too many race enemies for the squads to deal with. It was extremely inefficient to continually increase the number of Einsatzgruppen to be used as that would only strain Germany’s military capability. As a result, the Germans had to turn to mass extermination and industrial killing through the establishment of death camps to get rid of the Jews since there were no other options available. The policy they adopted grew very naturally out of what they had already been doing and did not divert significantly from the Nazi worldview.

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