In the United States, newcomers found economic prosperity, democratic government and the final element were freedom and liberty. Different waves of immigrants had different reasons or rationale for coming to the United States during the pre and post Civil War influx of migrants. For the Irish Americans it was primarily fleeing hunger, starvation and religious prosecution in their native land. Italian Americans who were mainly from Southern Italy immigrated to the United States mostly for the economic opportunities. Economic prosperity and opportunity was also a great motivator for Chinese and Japanese immigration to the United States. Other immigrant groups like Jews of various nationalities were mainly fleeing the pogroms and other religious prosecutions that were taking place across Europe.