Understanding when there is injustice is critical to the evolution of a fair and equitable society. How is this illustrated in To Kill a Mockingbird?

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The ability to properly identify injustice is a necessary step in the development of a fair society. By recognizing and fighting against injustice, we spread awareness about unfair practices and encourage positive changes in thoughts, laws, and behaviors.

In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus knows Tom Robinson is not...

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The ability to properly identify injustice is a necessary step in the development of a fair society. By recognizing and fighting against injustice, we spread awareness about unfair practices and encourage positive changes in thoughts, laws, and behaviors.

In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus knows Tom Robinson is not guilty of the crime with which he is being charged. He also knows that he does not stand a chance of winning the case, but he chooses to defend Tom anyway.

Maycomb is largely populated by racist people. Before the trial even begins, the townsfolk are already convinced of Tom's guilt, solely on the basis of his skin color. In their eyes, Tom is Black and therefore guilty. It does not matter to them that the Ewell family is known to be shady and dishonest; the Ewells are white, and Tom is not. Case closed.

Atticus realizes what he is up against and does not have any unrealistic expectations. He knows that Tom will be convicted despite his innocence. He knows the townspeople have already decided the verdict before ever even setting foot in the courtroom. In spite of all the odds against him and the backlash he suffers, Atticus decides to take on the unwinnable task of representing Tom because it is the right thing to do.

Atticus hopes to bring about positive change in Maycomb by doing everything in his power to attract attention to the injustice of Tom's case. He realizes that if people just stand idly by and watch acts of injustice take place without speaking and/or acting out against them, nothing and no one will ever change.

It is because of people like Atticus, people who recognize injustice and actively protest against it, that society progresses and evolves to be more fair and equitable than it was in the past.

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