The Articles of Confederation was the controlling document of the United States from 1781-1787. Initially approved by all states except Maryland in 1777, they did not take effect until March 1781. The Articles created a loose coalition of mutually supportive states. The goal was to allow each state to maintain their sovereignty but allow a central government to handle foreign affairs and regulate commerce among the states only to ensure each state treated the others fairly.
Article Five detailed the manner of representation for each state. Congress would be a unicameral legislature, meaning it had only one house or voting bloc. Each state would decide how to nominate their delegates to Congress. The states would send at least two, but not more than seven delegates. Each state was allowed to determine how many they wanted to send. However, regardless of how many delegates were sent to Congress each state had only one vote. This ensured no state would wield more power than another.