How are the two women protagonists' roles portrayed in a male-dominated society by Khaled Hosseini in A Thousand Splendid Suns?
The book sympathizes with the female domination by males in Afghanistan over 30 years and is given priority in Hosseini's writing.
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If I understand your question correctly, you are asking about the role of the two primary female characters in the male-dominated Afghan society.
The women are portrayed both tragically yet heroically in their attempts to survive the men who dominate them in the novel. Mariam's mother, Nana, is one of the few women who does not find the desire to carry on; her daughter, Mariam, never completely loses faith, even after the arranged marriage that is forced upon her becomes unbearable. Laila, who grew up with educated and loving parents, refuses to give in to the terrible life she shares with Mariam and their husband, Rasheed. Their lives as second-class citizens only become worse after the rise of the Taliban.
Hosseini's male characters are more varied. Mariam's father, Jalil, is rich but weak; he allows his three wives to dominate him, and it eventually costs him the love of Mariam. Tariq is a romantic character who overcomes his physical problems to eventually win his love, Laila. Laila's father is a loving, former teacher who is idolized by his daughter but who loses the love of his own wife following the death of their sons. Rasheed is the evil husband who only grows more intolerable as the story unfolds.
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