How are the two things being compared in "The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost alike?

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The two roads described by the speaker have some similarities and a few differences. He says that the second road is "just as fair" as the first, meaning that both are equally attractive in terms of appearance. However, he also says that "the passing there / Had worn them really about the same." In other words, the numbers of people who have taken each road are approximately the same; again, about the same number of people have traveled each one. One is not more or less worn than the other: one is simply grassier than the other. Neither road is less traveled, as he plans to claim later. Further, the speaker claims that both roads "equally lay / In leaves no step had trodden black." Thus, no one seems to have traveled either road today, as both are covered in fresh, unmuddied leaves rather than muddy, walked-on leaves.

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The two things being compared in "The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost are the two roads that diverge in the wood. The narrator is walking along a path and comes to a place where the roads forks, at a Y-intersection, into the two roads which "diverge." 

The narrator describes the roads as "about the same." As the poem is set in autumn, both roads are covered with freshly fallen leaves. No one has walked on either road recently, since the leaves have not been "trodden black", something that would have been the case had someone walked on them after they had fallen. 

When comparing the second to the first road, the narrator describes it as "just as fair", indicating that both roads seem to have equally appealing scenery. Although the road the narrator chooses is grassier, meaning that fewer people have traveled it and a certain amount of grass has sprung up in the dirt or gravel of the road, the poem emphasizes that the roads are otherwise almost identical in appearance.

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