Two aircraft approach airfield at the same constant altitude. The first aircraft is moving S at 250km/h while the second is moving W at 600 km/h-----
At what rate is the distance between them changing when the first aircraft is 60 km from the field and the second is 25km from the field.
The two aircraft form a right triangle with the right ange at the airport.
Suppose the westbound aircraft distance from the airport is x and the southbound aircraft distance is y. Then we can find the distance between the aircraft using the Pythagorean Theorem.
`s^2 = x^2 + y^2`
Now we need to implicitly differentiate with respect to time to get
` 2s(ds)/(dt) = 2x(dx)/(dt) + 2y(dy)/(dt)`
Now `(dx)/(dt) = -600 "km/hr"` and `(dy)/(dt) = -250 "km/hr"` if we consider this on a coordinate plane.
So `(ds)/(dt) = (x(dx)/(dt) + y(dy)/(dt))/s`
The first aircraft (y) is 60km and (x) is 25km.
`(ds)/(dt) = (25(-600)+(60)(-250))/(sqrt(60^2+25^2)) ~~ -462 "km/hr"`