Turks christians Mongols How did the Turks, Christians, and Mongols influence the course of Islamic Civilization?

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You will want to analyse the impact of the Crusades as a key example of how Christians impacted Islamic civilisation both negatively and positively. The effects of this is something that we still feel today in East-West relations and the difficulties that we have of producing any meaningful relations with Islamic countries.

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I'll reiterate a point I've already made in response to another question you raised.  Google Books is a good place to look for information about questions such as the ones you've raised.  Google Books offers extensive previews of many books. (So does Amazon; you can use their preview feature if you have an Amazon account, which costs nothing.) The best books to look for are ones that have been peer reviewed -- in other words, assessed and approved by other experts. Usually these books are published by university presses. Anyone can publish a book these days (just as anyone can slap up a web site or post to wikipedia), so it's even more important now than it was in the past to look for information that has been peer reviewed.  Here is a good place to begin a search of the topic you've raised:http://www.google.com/search?q=karl+marx&btnG=Search+Books&tbm=bks&tbo=1#ds=bo&pq=islam+and+the+greeks+and+romans&hl=en&sugexp=kjrmc&cp=76&gs_id=5u&xhr=t&q=Turks,+Christians,+and+Mongols+influence+the+course+of+Islamic+Civilization&qe=VHVya3MsIENocmlzdGlhbnMsIGFuZCBNb25nb2xzIGluZmx1ZW5jZSB0aGUgY291cnNlIG9mIElzbGFtaWMgQ2l2aWxpemF0aW9uPw&qesig=Yz1zlxK82aOHADgwjdEnUw&pkc=AFgZ2tkorzFhvXFJPWJfv2nTfoPLxCAi6Blr02hGlGxcNgD0cRRvXPH9_ONgOAYbzs2Obsk0dHVtsg-13Guc-2U3BfhZKSL6EQ&pf=p&sclient=psy-ab&tbo=1&tbm=bks&source=hp&pbx=1&oq=Turks,+Christians,+and+Mongols+influence+the+course+of+Islamic+Civilization%3F&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&gs_sm=&gs_upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=fdea6ba8f51ecf36&biw=1366&bih=600


It's also worth noting the existence of Google Scholar.  This site, even more than Google Books, features peer-reviewed scholarship.  Here is a page relevant to your question: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ds=bo&pq=islam+and+the+greeks+and+romans&hl=en&sugexp=kjrmc&cp=76&gs_id=5u&xhr=t&q=Turks,+Christians,+and+Mongols+influence+the+course+of+Islamic+Civilization&qe=VHVya3MsIENocmlzdGlhbnMsIGFuZCBNb25nb2xzIGluZmx1ZW5jZSB0aGUgY291cnNlIG9mIElzbGFtaWMgQ2l2aWxpemF0aW9uPw&qesig=Yz1zlxK82aOHADgwjdEnUw&pkc=AFgZ2tkorzFhvXFJPWJfv2nTfoPLxCAi6Blr02hGlGxcNgD0cRRvXPH9_ONgOAYbzs2Obsk0dHVtsg-13Guc-2U3BfhZKSL6EQ&gs_sm=&gs_upl=&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&biw=1366&bih=600&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=ps

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You might find some of these links helpful.  Mongols invaded many empires, incuding Islamic Empires.


This page describes how many Turks were converted to Islam.  Any time a religion takes on converts, the converts will have some influence.


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