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How do we transcribe words with aspiration and devoicing? Some example words are as follows: proud/    beat/    put       speak/    Jew/      she       boot/    sit/    blaze       quick/    tomb/    toy       loose/      lose/    match       that/    chick/    home       doubt/    child/    sing       cough/    twin/    cow       close (adj)/    close (v)/    dead       cream/    up/    climb       streak/    grade/    crunch       spray/    soup/    saw       muse/     clean/    debt       bath/    guy/    scene       know/    blood/    smooth       coin/    change/    jam       please/    kneel/    look       will/    well /   wheel       wool/    place/    boot       but/    bit/    bet       built/    belt/    bomb       womb/    texts/    sell       sill/    soul/    cute       coot/    cut/    cot       cat/    fit/    fat       foot/    feet/    free       set/    pa/l    pill       peel/   join/    train    

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Payal Khullar eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I would recommend you to understand aspiration and devoicing, so that you can transcribe aspirated and devoiced words that come in your exam.

Aspiration is a phonological process in which a sound is produced with exhalation of breath. Sounds produced with aspiration are called aspirated sounds.

Rule for Aspiration in English:

In English, the rule for aspiration is simple. All the voiceless plosives or stops (p, t, k) are aspirated if they occur as onset in a stressed syllable. This rule is expanded because, in English, stops (p, t, k) may be aspirated in word-final positions as in hit, bit, bait, cook, hip-hop. British English has a higher incidence of word-final aspiration than American English.

Linguistic terminology:

Let me help you with the linguistic terminology. Plosives are consonant sounds in the articulation of which there is an obstruction somewhere in the cavity followed by a sudden release of air.

Try producing the plosive sound /p/, for example, and you will notice that in doing so,...

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