How do we transcribe words with aspiration and devoicing? Some example words are as follows: proud/ beat/ put speak/ Jew/ she boot/ sit/ blaze quick/ tomb/ toy loose/ lose/ match that/ chick/ home doubt/ child/ sing cough/ twin/ cow close (adj)/ close (v)/ dead cream/ up/ climb streak/ grade/ crunch spray/ soup/ saw muse/ clean/ debt bath/ guy/ scene know/ blood/ smooth coin/ change/ jam please/ kneel/ look will/ well / wheel wool/ place/ boot but/ bit/ bet built/ belt/ bomb womb/ texts/ sell sill/ soul/ cute coot/ cut/ cot cat/ fit/ fat foot/ feet/ free set/ pa/l pill peel/ join/ train
I would recommend you to understand aspiration and devoicing, so that you can transcribe aspirated and devoiced words that come in your exam.
Aspiration is a phonological process in which a sound is produced with exhalation of breath. Sounds produced with aspiration are called aspirated sounds.
Rule for Aspiration in English:
In English, the rule for aspiration is simple. All the voiceless plosives or stops (p, t, k) are aspirated if they occur as onset in a stressed syllable. This rule is expanded because, in English, stops (p, t, k) may be aspirated in word-final positions as in hit, bit, bait, cook, hip-hop. British English has a higher incidence of word-final aspiration than American English.
Let me help you with the linguistic terminology. Plosives are consonant sounds in the articulation of which there is an obstruction somewhere in the cavity followed by a sudden release of air.
Try producing the plosive sound /p/, for example, and you will notice that in doing so,...
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