A toy rocket is launched vertically from ground level (y = 0.00 m), at time t = 0.00 s. The rocket engine provides constant upward acceleration during the burn phase. At the instant of engine...

A toy rocket is launched vertically from ground level (y = 0.00 m), at time t = 0.00 s. The rocket engine provides constant upward acceleration during the burn phase. At the instant of engine burnout, the rocket has risen to 72 m and acquired a velocity of 30 m/s. The rocket continues to rise in unpowered flight, reaches maximum height, and falls back to the ground with negligible air resistance. The speed of the rocket upon impact on the ground is closest to ...?

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Asked on by Julide12

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

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The toy rocket is launched vertically from ground level, at time t = 0.00 s. The rocket engine provides constant upward acceleration during the burn phase. At the instant of engine burnout, the rocket has risen to 72 m and acquired a velocity of 30 m/s. The rocket continues to rise in unpowered flight, reaches maximum height, and falls back to the ground with negligible air resistance.

The total energy of the rocket, which is a sum of its kinetic energy and potential energy, is constant.

At a height of 72 m with the rocket moving at 30 m/s, the total energy is m*9.8*72 + (1/2)*m*30^2 where m is the mass of the rocket.

At ground level, the total energy is 0*m*9.8 + (1/2)*m*v^2.

Equating the two gives: m*9.8*72 + (1/2)*m*30^2 = 0*m*9.8 + (1/2)*m*v^2

=> 9.8*72 + (1/2)*30^2 = (1/2)*v^2

=> v^2 = 11556/5

=> v = 48.07

The velocity of the rocket when it impacts the ground is 48.07 m/s

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