A Theory of Justice Questions and Answers

A Theory of Justice

John Rawls spends much of his time in A Theory of Justice laying out the background for two principles which are finally stated in chapter 46. The first of these is generally called "the greatest...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 12:05 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls states that his social contract theory builds on the work of such philosophers as Locke, Rousseau, and Kant. To develop his social contract, he goes back to an...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 12:49 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, Rawls devises a novel thought experiment. He asks us to imagine that we are tasked with coming up with the rules for the distribution and allocation of goods within a...

Latest answer posted December 22, 2017 8:35 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The short answer to this question can be found in an Rawls essay from 1985 entitled "Justice as Fairness." Rawls imagined this as a sort of middle way between liberal democracies that typically...

Latest answer posted December 11, 2019 9:09 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The main issue with Rawl’s Theory of Justice is how abstract it is by nature. While it is an extremely compelling argument, it lacks real world representation, essentially acting as a conceptual...

Latest answer posted June 15, 2019 10:00 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In John Rawls's hypothetical model of how to build a just society in his book A Theory of Justice, the veil of ignorance is a key component. The veil of ignorance means that before the theoretical...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 11:40 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

John Rawls's seminal work, A Theory Justice (1971), returned political philosophy to many of its founding questions about the nature of freedom, justice, and fairness found in Plato and Aristotle....

Latest answer posted November 27, 2018 1:58 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

John Rawls's liberty principle, often called the "greatest equal liberty principle," is set out in chapter 46 of A Theory of Justice in the following terms: Each person is to have an equal right...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 1:51 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls’s basic argument is a distributive idea of justice. In his 1971 work, A Theory of Justice, Rawls identifies justice with a distributive paradigm that gives society the appearance of a...

Latest answer posted October 3, 2018 4:05 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

A Theory of Justice derives its central argument from a thought experiment in which a rational person is called upon to determine the best type of society for themselves. But for the purposes of...

Latest answer posted June 20, 2012 4:20 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls's difference principle in A Theory of Justice states, Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged members of society,...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 12:29 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls would suggest that in order to determine how wealth should be distributed among the five citizens they would need to come to an agreement about how to distribute the wealth. The citizens...

Latest answer posted December 22, 2015 12:49 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The strongest argument for this theory is that it brings social justice to a broader range of people than utilitarian theory does. In utilitarian theory, people should be concerned with creating...

Latest answer posted June 21, 2012 5:29 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

At first glance, the connection between the exalted philosophy of John Rawls(1921-2002) and the mundane world of urban planning is not readily apparent. But upon further analysis, it is obvious...

Latest answer posted February 14, 2019 7:02 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls did not really directly address racial nor gender discrimination in his famous work A Theory of Justice. He was, of course, aware of these issues, and they could certainly be made to fit...

Latest answer posted March 19, 2018 3:49 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls's theory of distributive justice is, in essence, surprisingly simple. Primary goods should be distributed equally, except in cases where equal distribution would be inequitable, in which case...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 1:07 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The "veil of ignorance" is a device used by John Rawls to help the reader think about fairness in social contract theory. Behind the veil, you have no idea what position you would occupy in...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 1:00 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

I would argue that the main problem with Rawls's theory is that it's wholly abstract; it deals with an ideal of how people should behave in civil society instead of how they actually do behave....

Latest answer posted November 3, 2018 6:35 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls writes that his theory of justice as fairness is contractarian and specifically builds on the social contract theory of Locke, Rousseau, and Kant. Although Kant...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 9:21 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Classic utilitarianism is the philosophical doctrine that says society should be organized around providing the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. This has been revised in recent...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 12:18 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls is suggesting that the theoretical people in his thought experiement would have no foreknowledge of what was good as an abstract principle, which seems to be what this question is asking....

Latest answer posted May 7, 2012 3:46 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The difference principle states that the only justification for a departure from strict equality in the distribution of primary goods is that the inequality in question benefits the least...

Latest answer posted September 19, 2020 9:20 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls makes use of a thought experiment called the "veil of ignorance." The subject who is making ethical choices about the way in which society should be governed is...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 11:42 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls describes the original position as an impartial viewpoint which allows those who adopt it to make disinterested decisions about justice. The original position is...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 6:33 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

According to John Rawls in A Theory of Justice, all members of society must be afforded equal rights to certain basic liberties. These include freedom of expression, association, and conscience, as...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 4:59 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

John Rawls argues that defining justice as fairness is the best way to deal with the concept of justice in a liberal society. Rawls begins by pointing out that, for a government, "legitimacy" is a...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 2:06 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls argues that society's current utilitarian policies are unjust, for they do not distribute resources equally throughout society and they argue that the society...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 4:33 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The veil of ignorance is a very important part of Rawls’ argument in A Theory of Justice. It allows us to evaluate possible actions without prejudice. This makes it possible for us to do a better...

Latest answer posted October 31, 2015 6:36 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

I think that Rawls does believe that individuals would not trade off basic political rights and freedoms for a higher standard of living. I think that this is so because of his use of the veil of...

Latest answer posted December 12, 2010 1:49 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The question of whether Rawls is a Kantian is surprisingly controversial and, like many questions in philosophy, cannot be answered with a simple "yes" or "no." The essential problem is that there...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 12:46 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

John Rawls alters the definition of primary goods slightly in the second edition of A Theory of Justice, placing more emphasis on the exercise of rights and freedoms within a civil society. Despite...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 12:23 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Generally, a work can be called important if it continues to have an impact on the world long after its initial publication. John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice was published in 1971. Around forty...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 6:45 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In Theory of Justice, Rawls sets out to describe social justice from within a liberal democratic society. The entire work is about reconciling a concern for egalitarianism with a concern for...

Latest answer posted July 22, 2018 11:21 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls's veil of ignorance removes the element of self-interest, which is an omnipresent factor in political thinking, to show that fair and just distribution can be defended on rational grounds if...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 2:17 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

The original position in one in which, for the purposes of Rawls's thought experiment, everyone is kept behind a veil of ignorance. This means that we are unaware of our gender, race, social...

Latest answer posted February 11, 2019 11:57 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

According to Rawls (1973), society and social systems should exist in order to aid and support those "at the bottom of the totem pole" so that they too can surface and succeed. In his own words,...

Latest answer posted March 29, 2014 2:00 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls calls the original position a hypothetical situation. It consists of certain "essential features," the key of which is that a person does not know what their position will be in the new...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2021 1:00 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

To determine whether or not John Rawls is a deontologist, we first have to understand the meaning of the term deontology. Deontology literally means the study of duty, and it refers to a moral...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2021 6:21 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, political philosopher John Rawls posits that the objective of a just society should be the equal distribution of justice – a distinctly different conception than those...

Latest answer posted March 28, 2014 2:37 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls developed his principles of justice to fall between the laissez faire and egalitarian extremes. Egalitarian principles affirm and promote the ideology that everyone is equal. Laissez faire on...

Latest answer posted November 20, 2015 3:35 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

Rawls' claims are ones that strike at the very essence of political social discourse today. Take the most fundamental element of how justice is seen as fairness. This is something that is a major...

Latest answer posted September 2, 2010 10:08 am UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In John Rawls's A Theory of Justice, he offers an imaginative scenario in which people would have the opportunity to create a just society that they would have to live under. They would be, Rawls...

Latest answer posted May 15, 2012 1:51 pm UTC

1 educator answer

A Theory of Justice

I think that Rawls sees the idea of human flourishing as one that has to be somewhat linked with the larger notion of the social good. Rawls is not a classical liberal in the sense that he...

Latest answer posted May 6, 2012 12:51 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

In A Theory of Justice, Rawls argued that a society ought to be based on the ultimate ethical foundation, that of justice. A just society is one in which: ...no arbitrary distinctions are made...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2012 5:51 pm UTC

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A Theory of Justice

When writing a Theory of Justice, John Rawls was clearly inspired by many theories of politics and ethics put forth by several famous philosophers. For example, Rawls cites the thinking of...

Latest answer posted September 13, 2020 6:44 pm UTC

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