Socrates Questions and Answers

Socrates

While Socrates may or may not have, as Plato contended, defined man as a "featherless biped," Socrates definitely defined man as the species that creates ideas. Men thrive on ideas and live by...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2017 2:24 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

Let me paraphrase this slightly to get at the kernels of meaning: A system of morality based on relative emotional values is illusion. It is thoroughly vulgar with nothing sound and nothing...

Latest answer posted August 1, 2012 2:11 am UTC

7 educator answers

Socrates

The word "sophist" does not denote any particular beliefs. Though English words such as "sophistry" and "sophism" have become associated with dishonesty and specious reasoning, they originally...

Latest answer posted November 11, 2019 6:14 pm UTC

5 educator answers

Socrates

The wording of the question is significant, as it is asking not how Socrates answers the fundamental question about identity, but how he explains it. The Socratic method in education is the...

Latest answer posted September 28, 2020 8:40 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Socrates

According to Plato, it was at his trial that Socrates made his famous remark that the unexamined life is not worth living. In context, Socrates is choosing death, which he prefers to the delusion...

Latest answer posted December 17, 2020 1:02 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

In the Apology, Socrates reasoned that he should receive the death penalty, not a light decision by any means. Socrates was imprisoned and essentially forced to recant his beliefs. In light of...

Latest answer posted July 9, 2019 10:11 pm UTC

4 educator answers

Socrates

Taking it as a general comment, I think this quote means that our deepest desires sometimes do a 360 - from being positive desires to becoming destructive emotions and actions. When we have strong...

Latest answer posted August 9, 2012 7:22 pm UTC

9 educator answers

Socrates

In Socrates' ethical thought, the foundation of his whole philosophical outlook, an individual is only free to the extent that they exercise self-control. This means that our reason must remain...

Latest answer posted June 25, 2018 8:39 am UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

Socrates was a Greek philosopher and is seen by many as the founding figure of western philosophy. There were philosophers before Socrates (referred to as the pre-Socratics) but no philosopher,...

Latest answer posted July 22, 2018 11:44 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Plato's "Apology" and Aristophanes' The Clouds do certainly present two deeply contrasting and opposing portrayals of Socrates. It is worth remembering that when Socrates was put on trial, it was...

Latest answer posted November 11, 2019 9:07 pm UTC

4 educator answers

Socrates

The trial of Socrates was a fascinating event in history. He is one of the world's most famous philosophers for a reason—Socrates prioritized critical thinking and was a truth seeker above all...

Latest answer posted January 17, 2020 12:45 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

What Socrates means by this is that people must know themselves before they can claim to know anything else. Socrates was famous for going around Athens, challenging people on their understanding...

Latest answer posted January 26, 2019 6:15 am UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

Socrates's first logical fallacy is a form of post hoc ergo propter hoc—that is, after this, because of this—and is centered on Socrates's argument that his personal god or spirit, the daimonion,...

Latest answer posted December 26, 2019 5:58 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Socrates

When Socrates was tried and convicted (and sentenced to death) there were two charges against him. First, the Athenian authorities claimed that Socrates refused to worship the Greek gods. This was...

Latest answer posted December 5, 2010 9:04 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

I, too, most appreciate what we know as the Socratic method of teaching. It's important to teach young people to think and reason and analyze, and that's generally difficult to do unless it is by...

Latest answer posted September 30, 2010 8:53 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Socrates

According to Socrates, as documented by Plato and other philosophers inspired by Socrates, an unexamined life is one that passes an individual by without question or critical thought. Socrates was...

Latest answer posted September 21, 2019 8:05 am UTC

3 educator answers

Socrates

Socrates says, as he awaits his own death, that death has to be one of two things: either it is "like being nothing, and the dead man has no perception of anything," or it is a "sort of change and...

Latest answer posted July 15, 2019 1:50 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Socrates

Socrates searches for this answer due to a meeting with the Oracle at Delphi. The Oracle tells him that there is no one in the world that is wiser than Socrates, who is confused by this revelation....

Latest answer posted December 9, 2019 9:54 pm UTC

4 educator answers

Socrates

Socrates's principal engagement with the question of the opinion of the many occurs in a Platonic dialogue known as the Crito. This dialogue takes place on the day before Socrates, who is...

Latest answer posted October 25, 2016 8:03 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

The words "apology" and "apologetic" often mislead readers who are unfamiliar with secondary meanings of these words as terms of art. The primary meaning of the word "apology" in modern English is...

Latest answer posted May 11, 2020 4:42 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Did Socrates deserve the punishment of death for his supposed crimes? Probably not. Was the execution a good thing? Socrates apparently thought so. Socrates had the chance to escape execution when...

Latest answer posted March 31, 2011 10:17 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

In the Crito, Socrates makes a strong argument to the effect that one should never disobey the laws of one's city. He argues that the laws of Athens have given him his education, his morality, his...

Latest answer posted March 1, 2016 2:16 am UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

The previous educator response does a great job of answering this question. I'd like to add to her response by giving brief definitions of ethos, pathos and logos, along with a couple examples of...

Latest answer posted February 24, 2016 8:16 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

I think part of the reason you are struggling with this is that you need to unpack your question before you can answer it. The main function that Socrates claims is that of a gadfly, one who tries...

Latest answer posted February 29, 2016 2:19 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

The persuasive techniques employed by Socrates can best be analyzed in terms of ancient Greek rhetorical theory. Many extant Greek texts, including the Rhetorica ad Alexandrum and Aristotle's Art...

Latest answer posted October 4, 2011 3:36 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

The main difficulty with assessing Socrates' views of the afterlife is that we have no actual written works by Socrates, only works about him by other people. The portrait in Aristophanes' Clouds...

Latest answer posted May 22, 2012 9:14 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Socrates was best known for asking "why?" and "What is it?"; many times in reference to a philosphical topic like love, peace. knowledge. A socratic definition answers a socratic question. If...

Latest answer posted April 24, 2012 3:44 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Drinking poison hemlock was one of the forms of capital punishment in the Greek polis of Athens in the time of Socrates. In 399 BCE, Socrates was charged with the crimes of denying the existence of...

Latest answer posted November 29, 2019 5:14 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

When discussing Socrates, it's important to note that Platonists are idealists: they believe in fundamental moral truths. For Socrates, a thing is good or noble not because it is enshrined thus in...

Latest answer posted October 7, 2018 1:05 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

The Apology of Socrates by Plato recounts how Socrates defended himself from the accusation of impiety, or asebeia. Socrates was accused of not worshipping the gods of the city and instead...

Latest answer posted September 23, 2011 7:12 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Socrates was a citizen of Athens who lived in the 400s B.C. and died in 399 B.C.. He was a moral philosopher who articulated his ideas through dialogues in public spaces as well as at private...

Latest answer posted May 4, 2012 4:16 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

To answer this question, we need to first answer a second question: what is Socrates' goal in the Apology? Clearly, he is on trial for his life, but I would argue that his primarily goal here is...

Latest answer posted January 23, 2019 6:50 am UTC

2 educator answers

Socrates

Socrates frequently encouraged introspection and questioning things in life. An unexamined life is not worth living. He is also famous for his statement that his wisdom comes from realizing how...

Latest answer posted February 2, 2011 11:46 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

The fame of Socrates and the way in which he is now perceived depends almost entirely on Plato. He would certainly be a minor figure if he appeared only in the accounts of Xenophon and as the...

Latest answer posted December 22, 2020 1:08 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

The Socratic method is a pedagogical approach based on the teaching style of Socrates as described in works of Greek philosophy, particularly those of Plato. In short, the Socratic method consists...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2020 2:59 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

It would be pretty hard to argue (from the perspective of a modern person) that Socrates deserved to be killed for what he was doing. After all, what was it that got him killed? It was because he...

Latest answer posted November 30, 2010 6:07 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

The main reason someone would say this is because Socrates could very easily have escaped his execution. You could say he is arrogant because he wants to stay and defend himself. He thinks that...

Latest answer posted January 28, 2010 8:02 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

This is a difficult question, and you are right that there is not an easy answer. As your quote alludes, Socrates believed one should never return a wrong with a wrong. In other words, he opposed...

Latest answer posted October 21, 2015 6:39 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Plato wrote three dialogues concerning the trial and death of Socrates, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo. These dialogues were not verbatim copies of actually speeches or dialogues, but instead were...

Latest answer posted October 4, 2011 6:12 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Socrates was a Greek philosopher born in Athens in 469 BC and sentenced to death (and killed) as the result of a trial occuring in 399 BC. He himself left no writings, but instead is famous for the...

Latest answer posted November 2, 2011 8:51 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Socrates famously declared his own ignorance, "I know that I know nothing." He also famously stated that an unexamined life is not worth living. In stating his own ignorance, Socrates was not...

Latest answer posted March 26, 2013 1:18 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

You will get many different approaches to this answer. This will be moved into the "Discussions" section real soon. It's a vibrant topic. I would suggest two points on this. The first would be...

Latest answer posted February 29, 2012 7:34 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Socrates lived centuries before Christ. Thinking of him as a Christian thinker is somewhat problematic. However, there are a few elements of his philosophy that align with common Christian...

Latest answer posted March 28, 2020 7:32 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

As you state, the Euthyphro is a dialogue on the importance of definitions. The question is whether we can actually use words correctly without knowing the precise definition of words. Let me make...

Latest answer posted February 2, 2012 4:56 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

There are two extant accounts of the trial and death of Socrates by his near contemporaries, the Memorabilia by Xenophon and three dialogues by Plato, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo. As the character...

Latest answer posted October 4, 2011 8:09 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

Plato's portrait of Socrates is extremely persuasive to contemporary readers. It is worth noting, however, that not all audiences were convinced either by the historical Socrates or by the Platonic...

Latest answer posted October 4, 2011 8:23 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

We do not have any writings of Socrates himself preserved. Instead, we have reports about Socrates in the works of Plato, Xenophon, Aristophanes, and later writers. There are many different...

Latest answer posted October 13, 2016 6:13 am UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

In Plato's Apology, Socrates gives several reasons why weeping and wailing before the judges in order to attempt to avoid the charges or reduce the sentence would prove the charges against him. A...

Latest answer posted December 1, 2019 9:50 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

This is a creative and relevant way to think about Socrates and what to do if you're facing an injustice. We can't tell you if you should maintain your innocence or go on YouTube and make a false...

Latest answer posted June 19, 2020 5:34 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Socrates

[eNotes editors are only permitted to answer one question per posting. Please post additional questions separately.] Socratic philosophy is based upon Socrates' question, "What is X?" He felt that...

Latest answer posted May 13, 2011 6:37 am UTC

1 educator answer

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