
Science
First, let us find the runner's velocity in miles per hour. The velocity v can be found as the distance by the time during which the distance was traveled: `v = 23.5/2 = 11.75` miles per hour...

Science
The best way to answer this question is to list out the characteristics of living things and then decide which of those characteristics an automobile doesn't have. The six characteristics of...

Science
Unicellular and multicellular organisms are similar in many ways, but the main difference comes in the form of their cellular makeup. Unicellular organisms are made up of only one cell (the prefix...

Science
Depending upon the type of desert, there are myriad forms of life, from microscopic organisms to 60foottall saguaro cacti. Deserts can look very different from one another. In the deserts of the...

Science
Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. They are composed of positively charged particles (protons) and negatively charged particles (electrons). Many also have neutrally charged particles...

Science
Both of these are methods of reproduction in living things. Mitosis creates diploid cells, which are, under ideal situations, clones of one another. By doubling the DNA and splitting it when the...

Science
Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus. They do have genetic material, but it is not as organized. In the theory of evolution, prokaryotic cells are considered the beginning of life. Prokaryotic...

Science
First, let's define ions. Ions are electrically charged particles which are formed when atoms gain or lose electrons. These losses or gains result in a complete highest energy level. As a result,...

Science
Cephalization is the formation of a central nervous system in organisms. In most cases, this involves a brain and a spinal cord, with a system of nerves attached to this central system....

Science
Similarities: Both plant and animal cells have a nucleus and specialized organelles like a mitochondria, lysosomes, and a golgi apparatus. Plant and animal cells both have cell membranes....

Science
Forces are vectors, which means they have a magnitude (in other words, a "strength") and a direction. We usually represent them as arrows to indicate their direction, and sometimes the arrows are...

Science
As the previous answer noted, there are a couple of ways to explain part 1 of the question. The previous answer said that you could throw the wrench in the opposite direction that you want to...

Science
Iraq is rich in oil and natural gas deposits, so there has been minimal motivation on the part of the Iraqi government to pursue alternative sources of energy. Ideally, it would develop renewable...

Science
Equinoxes and solstices happen due to the tilt of the Earth on its axis. Solstices occur when the Earth is at a maximum angle away from the Sun. During the summer solstice the sun is directly...

Science
1). Coordinate covalent bond: This is a type of covalent bond in which two atoms are sharing a pair of electrons, but both the electrons are coming from the same atom. This is as opposed to a...

Science
The force diagram below shows the forces acting on the sphere and the hanging object. The tension in the string is responsible for the angular acceleration of the sphere and the difference between...

Science
There are two quantities which effect the reading on the scale. The weight of the chain that has accumulated on the scale after falling a distance x and the impulse per unit time imparted by the...

Science
Use the definition of reactance to find the reactance of the inductor at any frequency. Then plug in the values and evaluate.

Science
Successive peaks are onehalf period apart. See attached image below.

Science
I= qnAv relates the current I in a wire to the charge q of the charge carriers, the number density n of charge carriers, the crosssectional area A of the wire, and the drift velocity v of the...

Science
Use Gauss's law relate the electric flux with the charge enclosed in the box. Since the electric flux is directly proportional to the net amount of enclosed charge in the box, if the flux is zero,...

Science
Lets say point P is a distance z above the central axis of the disk. We will integrate concentric rings of charge, with thickness dr, from the center of the disk to the edge. From symmetry, all...

Science
First, use the definition of λ to find the total charge of the line of charge. Integrate the line of change along the axis to find electric field. The line of charge is positive, and since the...

Science
Use the definition of rotational kinetic energy. First, to find Earths rotational KE use it when I is its moment of inertia with respect to Earth's axis of rotation. Next to find the orbital know...

Science
The diagram below shows the forces acting on both objects and the pulley. The direction of motion has been chosen to be the +x direction. By applying Newton’s second law of motion, obtain a...

Science
Since the blocks are in equilibrium, use Newton's second law to sum all the components of the gravitational forces that lie along the rope and set them equal to zero. The tension forces are all...

Science
To escape the gravity of the moon the kinetic energy an object must have must be equal to or greater than the gravitational potential energy of the moon. So set the kinetic and gravitational...

Science
Use the law of gravity to find the gravitational force acting on the satellite. The application of Newton’s second law will lead us to the speed of the satellite and its period can be found from...

Science
You could apply Newton’s law of gravitation and second law of motion to solve this problem from first principles, but I will use Kepler’s third law (which is derived from these laws) to find...

Science
The moment of inertia of a system of particles with respect to a given axis is the sum of the products of the mass of each particle and the square of its distance from the given axis.

Science
The key to this problem is knowing that the Earth rotates through 2π radians every 24 hours. Then apply the definitions of angular speed.

Science
The impulse delivered to the ball equals the change in the ball’s momentum. The impulse is also the product of the average force exerted on the ball and the time during which the average force...

Science
The net external force on the objects is zero and linear momentum is conserved as the spring delivers its energy to the two objects. Choose a coordinate system in which the +x direction is to the...

Science
Solve for V by knowing that the difference in potential energy is the dot product of the electric field and the infinitesimal path length integrated over the entire path of the particle (from `b`...

Science
Assume, for these electrons, their motion is from left to right through the velocity selector and the electric field is upward. This means the electric force is downward and hence then the magnetic...

Science
First, apply Newton’s second law to the orbiting proton to relate its speed to its radius. After, use the definition of its period (T) to eliminate r and calculate a value for T. Then find the...

Science
The net electric force on q0 is the vector sum of the individual electric forces exerted on q0. Compute each force from Coulomb's law and write it in terms of its rectangular components. Then use...

Science
Use Coulomb's law to determine the magnitude of the electrostatic force of attraction exerted by the proton on the electron. The magnitude of both the electron and proton charge is equal to the...

Science
Model this circumstance as a rope of negligible mass with one end attached to the limb and the other end attached to a particle of mass m. Apply Newton's second law to the mass. Solve for the...

Science
We can find `B` from the generalized form of Ampere's law. Choose a circular path of radius `r=2.0 cm` about the center line joining the two plates, as shown in the diagram below. Ampere's law...

Science
Since the wind is blowing to the east, a plane headed due north will drift off coarse toward the east.Hence, to compensate for this crosswind, the plane must head west of due north. We must use...

Science
We can use the definition of entropy change to find the change in entropy of the liquid water as it freezes. The change of entropy of the water is given by: `DeltaS=Q_(rem)/T` Where the heat...

Science
The efficiency of a heat engine is the ratio of work done per cycle `W` to the heat absorbed from the high temperature reservoir `Q_h` . The efficiency epsilon is therefore: `epsilon=W/Q_h` The...

Science
We can express the rms speed of Argon atoms by combining the ideal gas law with the equation for the root mean square velocity of an atom. The ideal gas law is: `PV=nRT` The rms velocity of a...

Science
There are two main forms of nuclear energy, fission, which involves splitting atoms apart, and fusion, which involves releasing energy when 2 atomic nuclei are forced close together and fuse into a...

Science
The de Broglie relation is `eq. (1) >` `P=h/lambda` Now get the momentum `P` in terms of the kinetic energy `K_E` . `K_E=1/2 mv^2` `K_E=P^2/(2m)` `eq. (2) >` `P=sqrt(2mK_E)` Therefore the...

Science
The change in the wavelength, `Delta lambda` , is given by the famous Compton formula. `Delta lambda = h/(m_e c)(1cos(theta))` Now plug in the values for the electrons mass `m_e` , the speed of...

Science
The work function of a metal `phi` , the wavelength of the incident photon lambda required to eject an electron with the maximum kinetic energy `K_(max)` is expressed by Einsteins photoelectric...

Science
This can be solved by applying Poiseuille's law. `Delta P=(8 eta L)/(pi r^4)*I_v` where: `eta` = viscosity `L` = length of the pipe `r` = radius of the pipe `I_v` = volume flow rate Therefore...

Science
The pressure applied to an enclosed liquid is transmitted undiminished to every point in the fluid and to the walls of the container. Hence we can equate the pressure produced by the force applied...