Russian History Questions and Answers

Russian History

Peter the Great inherited an administration that was going through serious challenges. However, being a reformer, he set out to address some of the issues that faced his country. Like most leaders,...

Latest answer posted February 9, 2017 10:43 am UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

Stalin is widely regarded as one of the worst dictators in human history, creating the communist Soviet Union and stripping citizens of their rights. There are many instances of his human rights...

Latest answer posted May 20, 2019 3:39 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

A first Russian revolution in 1905 that stemmed from labor unrest, student unrest, agricultural problems and discrimination against ethnic groups led to a series of reforms, such as the creation of...

Latest answer posted March 2, 2017 12:49 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

Tsar Nicholas II survived the 1905 revolution as a result of a combination of factors. The one that was the most significant was that the Russian army remained loyal to him. It is most likely that...

Latest answer posted September 6, 2015 12:44 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Russia has been significantly affected by its geography. Politically, Russia has long been in search for ports that could be used year-round. St. Petersburg was considered Russia's "window on...

Latest answer posted November 26, 2017 1:08 am UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

The drive to expand Russian territory was rooted in several factors. One of the most important of these factors was awareness of Russia’s exposed geographical position, which had led to various...

Latest answer posted September 13, 2016 8:24 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Catherine the Great considered herself an Enlightened Monarch, and attempted to rule Russia in that fashion. She was not Russian herself; but was a German princess brought to Russia to be the bride...

Latest answer posted January 6, 2011 10:21 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

Great is not a value judgement. It refers to power. It also was just a basic title given to leaders of the time, to demonstrate their importance. Peter was quite extraordinary though. He began...

Latest answer posted August 19, 2011 11:21 am UTC

3 educator answers

Russian History

Militarism—which, simply put, refers to a country's military taking a greater role in the political process—is thought to be one of the main reasons for the conflicts that led to World War I. The...

Latest answer posted June 8, 2016 2:04 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Peter the Great introduced many reforms with the objective of turning Russia into a modern absolute monarchy capable of competing successfully against powerful European states. He created a new,...

Latest answer posted January 16, 2018 3:18 am UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

I think that there was a strong strand of distrust in the government at the start of WWI. The Russian Revolution of 1905, the failures of Russia in the Russo- Japanese War, Bloody Sunday, and the...

Latest answer posted March 29, 2010 10:23 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Russian History

Peter the Great was the czar of Russia from 1682 to 1725. His impact on Russia was profound and lasting; the country had become a great power—and a European power—by the time he died. He had...

Latest answer posted August 21, 2019 2:16 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Russia was in a shaky situation when it entered World War I in 1914, just as it had been when defeated by the Japanese in 1905. At first, however, there was hope a victorious war effort could pull...

Latest answer posted October 25, 2018 12:16 am UTC

3 educator answers

Russian History

There were likely a number of factors as to why Vladimir I adopted Orthodox Christianity. First of all, joining the Eastern Orthodox Church was a politically savvy move. His strongest neighbor, the...

Latest answer posted October 25, 2019 11:04 am UTC

4 educator answers

Russian History

The Russian Civil War was not the means of seizing power, but of consolidation. The Bolsheviks were firmly in power by Christmastime of 1917, and the Civil War raged through 1921. The Bolsheviks...

Latest answer posted March 29, 2010 9:18 pm UTC

4 educator answers

Russian History

Czar Nicholas II abdicated the imperial throne in 1917 for a couple of different reasons which began long before the year of his retirement. Russia was a poor agrarian nation with nearly 80% of the...

Latest answer posted November 1, 2011 12:20 am UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

The White Russian counter-revolution was initially led by former Imperial commanders, and of course the fighting was begun by the Czech Legion in Siberia. Some White commanders wanted a democratic...

Latest answer posted March 17, 2009 6:47 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

The two primary themes which have dominated Russian history has been Russia's self styled denomination as the "Third Rome" following the fall of Constantinople, and the attempts by Peter I and...

Latest answer posted January 12, 2011 9:44 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

For Lenin, the working class people in Russia had never developed their own economic philosophies because the transfer of economic discontent into social and political action had never been...

Latest answer posted April 9, 2013 10:43 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 is considered the single most important event in the diaspora of Orthodox Christianity because it triggered a wave of people leaving the Russian Empire and settling...

Latest answer posted March 18, 2020 5:24 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

While Rasputin in himself was not truly a cause of the Russian Revolution, he was a catalyst which helped ignite the revolution. Despite the povery of the peasants and the problems facing Russia,...

Latest answer posted May 6, 2008 2:42 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Russian History

Catherine the Great was responsible for Russia’s westward and southward expansion, making it one of the great powers in Europe at the time. She conquered territories belonging to the Ottoman Empire...

Latest answer posted January 6, 2016 2:59 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

To the extent there was a marked increase in opposition to the czarist regime governing Russia between 1881 and 1904, it was largely a product of the transition from the rule of Alexander III to...

Latest answer posted October 14, 2013 6:21 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

In my mind, the cost and toll of World War I helped to drive home the point to Russian citizens that the government needed to change. The anti- Government forces had done an excellent job of...

Latest answer posted March 15, 2010 8:15 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Russian History

Menshevism came to be seen as the rival to Lenin's Bolshevism. The Mensheviks were led by Martov. They advocated a couple of fundamentally different elements than their more radical Bolshevik...

Latest answer posted July 1, 2013 5:24 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Catherine the Great was German by birth; she came to Russia to be the arranged bride of her cousin Peter who had been selected by childless Empress Elizabeth of Russia to be her successor....

Latest answer posted August 29, 2011 10:22 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

I do admire Peter the Great to a certain extent. His most significant contribution was in expanding Russia's domain through several brilliant military campaigns. He also led a cultural revolution...

Latest answer posted February 13, 2012 4:21 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Nicholas II was not able to implement political reforms in Russia for the simple reason that he fundamentally opposed any such reforms. Nicholas II was a pure autocrat, entirely entranced with his...

Latest answer posted April 16, 2014 5:14 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

The role of the Duma in Russian history has been marginal at the best of times, with a brief exception during the early years of post-Communist democratic rule during the 1990s. While early forms...

Latest answer posted May 26, 2015 12:17 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

In Khrushchev's "Secret Speech," he accounts for the phenomenon of Stalinism in his suggestion that Stalin's greatest flaw was his embrace of a leadership predicated upon a cult of personality....

Latest answer posted July 25, 2012 4:38 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

When Czar Nicholas II abdicated in March 1917, the country over which he had exercised autocratic power for nearly twenty-three years was in a state of considerable turmoil. A revolution during the...

Latest answer posted December 19, 2020 11:18 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

One of the most significant objections that the Mensheviks had with the Czar was his approach towards the Duma. The Mensheviks believed that the legislative power of the Duma was significant...

Latest answer posted July 3, 2013 4:12 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

I think that one can see similar causes in both Russian Revolutions. The Czar's fundamental lack of leadership helped to feed the initial revolution that overthrew him. The entrance into the...

Latest answer posted November 23, 2012 3:32 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

To a certain (and sometimes ironic) extent, Lenin could be seen as having carried out some of the promises he made to the Russian people. The most evident of these was calling for an end to the...

Latest answer posted April 1, 2013 10:28 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

There were at least two major contradictions in the reign of Catherine the Great. First, there was a contradiction in her religious policies. On the one hand, she issued an edict of toleration...

Latest answer posted February 9, 2012 11:12 am UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

I think that one of the most critical developments that took place in Russia after the 7 November Revolution 1917 (Gregorian New Style calendar) was the Civil War between the Bolshevik "Reds" and...

Latest answer posted March 25, 2013 6:25 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

We're only allowed to answer one question at a time here on eNotes so I've edited your many questions down to this one. The Russian Revolution in 1917 overthrew a monarchy. Tsar Nicholas II was an...

Latest answer posted April 12, 2011 12:44 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

The original question had to be edited down. The Bolsheviks were able to seize power because the Provisional Government failed to effectively respond to the pulse of the Russian body politic. The...

Latest answer posted May 19, 2013 1:14 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

To properly answer this question, it is essential to remember that the Russian Revolution really occurred in two major phases (three, if we consider the Civil War as separate.) The first stage was...

Latest answer posted May 22, 2012 11:33 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Russian History

Marx had argued that a class revolution would most likely be effected by an industrial proletariat. The problem in Russia was that it was not largely urban, and while it was industrializing, lacked...

Latest answer posted March 9, 2012 1:54 pm UTC

1 educator answer