Questions and Answers for Reconstruction Era

Reconstruction Era

What were the phases of Reconstruction?

Reconstruction (1865–1877), which took place after the Civil War, was a long and difficult period in US history. The North and the South had just fought each other in the the country's bloodiest...

Latest answer posted January 14, 2020 9:51 am UTC

3 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

Explain the difference between the terms carpetbagger and scalawag.

"Scalawags" were Southerners who were sympathetic, or perceived as sympathetic, to Reconstruction, which not only involved repairing and repatriating the South after the Civil War but also involved...

Latest answer posted June 1, 2017 12:16 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

What national issues and attitudes combined to bring an end to Reconstruction by 1877?

By the time Reconstruction came to an end in 1877, the northern states had largely underwritten the rebuilding of the southern states as well as stationed federal troops throughout the South to...

Latest answer posted December 11, 2017 10:40 am UTC

3 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

What were the effects of Reconstruction on the freed slaves?

During Reconstruction, freed slaves faced an uphill battle as they struggled to find their place within a hostile society. Even though slavery ended with the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment—the...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2019 4:13 am UTC

2 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

Why did the authors of "The Late Convention of Colored Men" believe the federal government had to protect the newly...

The authors believed that the federal government had to protect the freed slaves because there was nothing preventing the white Southerners from creating laws that disfavored them. Although they...

Latest answer posted October 6, 2018 9:04 am UTC

3 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

How did Reconstruction fail to bring equality to freedmen?

The initial few years of Reconstruction were ones of black power and freedom. Recently freed black people, specifically on the coast of Georgia and the Carolinas, were able to claim land from...

Latest answer posted January 3, 2019 1:49 am UTC

2 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

What did Howell Cobb think was the real motivation behind the program of Reconstruction, according to "An...

Born in Georgia in 1815, Howell Cobb was an important politician who held a number of state and federal offices before the Civil War (1861–1865). He was a Democrat whose political career was often...

Latest answer posted January 16, 2020 1:10 pm UTC

4 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

Why did ownership of land and control of labor become major points of contention between former slaves and whites in...

Following the Civil War, ownership of land and control of labor became major points of contention in the American South. Recently freed African Americans found themselves in a situation that very...

Latest answer posted September 8, 2018 5:32 am UTC

2 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

Which aspects of Reconstruction were unsuccessful?

Although the era of Reconstruction helped to rejoin the southern states with North, it failed to have the lasting impact that was intended by many of the initiatives of the era. The progressive...

Latest answer posted August 7, 2015 7:07 am UTC

3 educator answers

Reconstruction Era

Was Reconstruction a success or a failure? Or was it something in between? 

In order to answer this question, you will first need to determine what the goal of Reconstruction was. A thing is usually a success if it achieves its goals. Therefore, in order to determine if...

Latest answer posted May 16, 2013 4:21 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

Why did Republicans find the Black Codes so objectionable?

In the earliest parts of the Reconstruction Era, the Republicans found the black codes to be very objectionable because they seemed to indicate that the South had not learned its lesson from the...

Latest answer posted December 4, 2012 2:28 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

Should the Reconstruction era be considered the Second American Revolution? By what criteria should we make such a...

Several historians refer to the War of 1812 as the second American revolution. However, historians are a diverse group and not always in agreement. In recent years there has been a move by some...

Latest answer posted October 29, 2019 2:35 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

  After slavery, African Americans were encouraged to accept help from the "Freedman's Bureau". What exactly is the...

The Freedmen’s Bureau was a governmental agency that was supposed to do everything necessary to help the freed slaves make the transition to freedom. This was, of course, a massive undertaking....

Latest answer posted March 27, 2013 12:06 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

What constituted a “vagrant” under the Mississippi Black Codes?

From other questions that you have asked on eNotes, I believe that you are asking questions based on the primary sources in For the Record, edited by Shi and Mayer. I am basing my answer on the...

Latest answer posted December 5, 2012 8:57 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

Did lodges provide mutual aid to African Americans after slavery?

While they are not as widely studied as institutions like the black church, African American lodges and other fraternal organizations did play an important role in providing mutual aid to African...

Latest answer posted April 11, 2013 5:43 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

Why did the freed slaves seek other forms of mutual aid if the Freedman's Bureau was supposed to help them?

There are at least two likely reasons for this. First, the freed slaves would not necessarily have trusted the federal government. There would have been little reason for them to assume that the...

Latest answer posted April 10, 2013 1:54 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

During Reconstruction, why was the North concerned about the South's struggling economy?  In other words, why was it...

The North was concerned with the South’s struggling economy because the North and South were back to being part of the same country. Since they were part of the same country, they were also part...

Latest answer posted November 16, 2012 11:47 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

What was the freed people's version of freedom?

In answering this, we must first realize that not every freed slave would have had the same vision of freedom. Therefore, we can only generalize. The general consensus is that freed slaves wanted...

Latest answer posted February 14, 2013 3:34 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

Which groups supported the enfranchisement of Southern blacks?

For the purposes of this answer, I will assume that you are asking about the formal enfranchisement of African Americans after the Civil War, not about the efforts in the 1960s to ensure that black...

Latest answer posted February 6, 2013 1:08 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

Explain the Plessy v. Ferguson case.

In the notorious case of Plessy v Ferguson (1896), the plaintiff, a man called Homer Plessy, argued before the Supreme Court that his rights under the Fourteenth Amendment had been violated by his...

Latest answer posted March 4, 2020 1:08 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

How did the South try to reinstate the social hierarchal status quo after the Civil War?

In the time right after the Civil War, the South tried to reinstate the social (and racial) hierarchy largely through the creation of the “black codes.” After this was done away with by the...

Latest answer posted January 16, 2013 3:26 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

How might history have been different had Lincoln lived?   Lincoln wanted a quick reconciliation with easy terms for...

Although this is one of the most asked and pondered questions about the post-Civil War era, it is inherently unanswerable. We simply do not know enough to say. It is true that Lincoln proposed a...

Latest answer posted April 23, 2013 2:53 am UTC

1 educator answer

Reconstruction Era

How can the period of Reconstruction be treated as a part or a continuation of the Civil War?

While people typically see the Civil War as a war about slavery, it can also be seen as a war about the South’s right or ability to govern itself as it saw fit. When we look at the Civil War in...

Latest answer posted February 2, 2013 5:32 pm UTC

1 educator answer