Plato's Republic Questions and Answers

Plato's Republic

The main theme of Plato's Allegory of the Cave in the Republic is that human perception cannot derive true knowledge, and instead, real knowledge can only come via philosophical reasoning. In...

Latest answer posted November 16, 2019 9:11 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

There are two separate issues here, Plato's specific criticisms of the Athenian democracy and Plato's attitude towards democracy as a system. Plato was far from the only person to have concerns...

Latest answer posted September 9, 2017 5:02 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

First, Plato, concerned with finding truth, has the poets banned from his imagined republic because they are merely imitators of truth and thus distort truth. Two other problems with poetry are the...

Latest answer posted June 26, 2019 12:42 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

Plato contends we are all made of the same three parts yet not all have the parts aligned in a healthy balance. The result is that greed, ambition, and foolishness rule in these unbalanced people....

Latest answer posted November 25, 2012 12:40 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In The Republic, Plato hypothesizes the formation of the ideal city, the kallipolis, as a way to embody the philosophical definition of perfect justice. In the just city, one is most likely to see...

Latest answer posted March 29, 2020 3:49 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

Specifically, I do not think that the drones are any individuals in particular. Instead, they are part of the personality of a certain type of individual. The drones are the part of a person's...

Latest answer posted October 13, 2010 5:47 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

The guardians are those special individuals who, in Plato's ideal republic, will be the ones in charge. Dominated by the rational part of the soul and steeped in an extensive knowledge of...

Latest answer posted December 8, 2019 7:38 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

The modern self as we understand it today was unknown to the ancient Greeks. For Plato, as with all his fellow Athenians, individuals were defined by the role they played in the wider community. In...

Latest answer posted April 6, 2018 1:32 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In Plato's "Allegory of the Cave," people only see shadows projected on the wall in front of them by people and objects passing in front of a fire. These inmates, chained to the wall of the cave,...

Latest answer posted October 21, 2017 3:44 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

Most people are aware of the metaphor of the ship of state used in reference to governance. It implies that the state is on a journey and needs to maintain a steady course to get it safely through...

Latest answer posted December 12, 2017 9:55 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

The first would be that the happiness of the community lies in skills- specific education, each social class would focus on what they do well. By concentrating on the area they excel in, they will...

Latest answer posted October 26, 2007 10:05 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

Thank you, ac12. Although I knew that the theory of recollection was prominent in the Meno, you are right that in that context it is not directly linked to our knowledge of the Forms. And I was...

Latest answer posted May 1, 2016 7:39 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In terms of paradigm, I think that Thrasymachus and Socrates strongly disagree. Thrasymachus is making an argument about justice relating to power. His argument is rooted in contingency. He...

Latest answer posted March 9, 2014 2:14 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

The first book of Plato's Republic follows a pattern common to many of the early and middle dialogues of examining a group of bad definitions before moving to the question of how to discover a...

Latest answer posted May 19, 2020 2:25 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

In The Republic, Plato is outlining the ideal society. He grapples with many difficulties in the ideas of how to make the society truthful, just, and upright, and my personal favorite is the belief...

Latest answer posted July 19, 2019 1:38 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

In the philosophy of Plato, Forms (or Ideas) are abstract, perfect, unchanging concepts that constitute what is ultimately real. The objects that we see in the world around us—the world of time and...

Latest answer posted December 19, 2019 9:45 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

The "Ring of Gyges" story is a sort of thought experiment. It occurs in the context of a discussion about justice in which Thrasymachus has just argued that, essentially, justice is whatever is in...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2017 3:07 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In the Republic, Plato's Socrates sharply criticizes the two greatest ancient Greek poets, Homer and Hesiod. He does so not on aesthetic, but on moral and philosophical grounds. Socrates sees them...

Latest answer posted September 21, 2020 8:00 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

Plato's purpose in writing The Republic is to create a better world, a divine world. In Book VII, Plato concentrates on enlightenment (education) through a parable commonly referred to the...

Latest answer posted January 11, 2014 6:48 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

A common theme between the painting Mona Lisa and the "Allegory of the Cave" is the exploration of the difference between perception versus reality. "The Cave" is a well-known work by Plato that...

Latest answer posted July 12, 2020 5:31 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In The Republic, Plato actually has Socrates provide an explanation for the allegory, stating: The visible realm should be likened to the prison dwelling, and the light of the fire inside it to...

Latest answer posted January 21, 2020 6:21 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

Plato's Republic presents us with several notable examples of the Socratic method in action. Instead of treating everyone to a lecture on what he thinks about a certain philosophical concept,...

Latest answer posted July 28, 2020 8:20 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

Thrasymachus operates as a foil to Socrates in the opening book of The Republic. Whereas Socrates operates as the thinker in pursuit of the transcendent, Thrasymachus is shown to operate in the...

Latest answer posted March 8, 2014 8:24 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

To get a better answer, it would be good if you could tell us which aspect of the ideal state you want addressed. The part I have the strongest feelings about is the idea that the ideal state...

Latest answer posted December 2, 2010 9:58 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

"The Allegory of the Cave" is an allegory that speaks simultaneously to the importance of education and to Plato's understanding of reality—it's not by accident that Plato's allegorical world is...

Latest answer posted October 13, 2018 4:42 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

The first issue one needs to address in considering the Platonic account of the tripartite soul in his Republic is that Plato was writing in Greek, not English. Many of the standard terms used to...

Latest answer posted October 30, 2011 6:33 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In understanding why Socrates expels the poets from the Republic, I think some background is needed. The argument here is that the philosopher- king is the only one capable of understanding the...

Latest answer posted September 26, 2009 9:41 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

"Everything is said to have its function and its virtue- which allows it to perform its function. The function of the soul is regulate life. And its peculiar virtue is justice. So the soul of...

Latest answer posted October 5, 2007 12:18 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

Within the Allegory of the Cave itself, Plato holds that the people in the cave are bounded in place "with their necks and legs fettered, able to see only in front of them." Within the allegory...

Latest answer posted June 25, 2019 9:51 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

Plato's quote refers to the idea of thorough reflection and examination are important elements to one's being in the world. For Plato, the "unexamined life is not worth living" is an extension of...

Latest answer posted August 2, 2011 10:30 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

In book 1 of the Republic, Polemarchus takes over and slightly modifies the argument put forward by his father, Cephalus. Cephalus had said that justice means being honest and giving everyone his...

Latest answer posted February 1, 2021 2:23 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

This is a great question. In a sense, the whole work is about justice. From this point of view, I will mention a few of the most important places where Plato speaks of justice. In books 2-4, Plato...

Latest answer posted December 6, 2011 2:12 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

A key element of Plato's Republic is that it is written in dialogue form. Rather than having a singular "main argument", the dialogues explore all sides of a question, often showing how people's...

Latest answer posted October 20, 2015 4:20 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

Plato describes the socialization process through which the philosopher- king understands "the good." The Socratic dialogue method illuminates understanding within the individual. The dialectic...

Latest answer posted March 10, 2014 10:28 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

For Plato, the spirited part of the soul is potentially the most dangerous. As an avowed rationalist, Plato believes that it should be suppressed by the calculating, rational element, which should...

Latest answer posted July 10, 2019 4:36 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

True. Here's why-- Plato does write the Allegory of the Cave, using an analogy to explain the true form of reality. Plato uses the allegory of the cave to "show in a figure how far our nature...

Latest answer posted April 24, 2012 4:50 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

Plato understood the human as analogous to the state, so just as the state has certain functions with different classes to perform them, so the soul is composed of different parts, each of which is...

Latest answer posted December 5, 2007 9:32 am UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

For Plato, the tripartite division of the soul is a way of explaining why different people have different desires and how they are affected by them. In some people, the appetitive element of the...

Latest answer posted November 26, 2018 8:29 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

The main subject of the Republic is the nature of the soul. This is clearly set out in the first book, and yet the majority of the text is devoted to the organization of the ideal city. There are...

Latest answer posted September 29, 2011 7:34 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

Plato addresses this issue primarily in the Republic, but also, to a degree in Ion. His claim is based on the observation that we learn by imitation and that we form our character by habit. His...

Latest answer posted September 14, 2012 5:54 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

Aristotle did not really clearly favor any one form over another. If you consider the 3 available types, monarchy, oligarchy and polity, he probably favored the last type. That is the polity which...

Latest answer posted August 12, 2009 3:53 am UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

Let us first try to put our facts together. In the Book 10 of his Republic, Plato famously attacked arts, on several grounds. One ground would be metaphysical and epistemological; he believed the...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2013 1:13 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

This is a great question. The theory of forms and the idea of imitation (mimesis) is very different, but they are related in a sense. Let me explain. Plato's theory of the form can be culled from...

Latest answer posted March 23, 2012 6:37 am UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

That's not a question, now is it? There is certainly a chapter in Plato's Republic called "Poetry and Unreality." It is Chapter 13. Want to know more? The chapter, like the rest of the Republic is...

Latest answer posted March 2, 2010 3:38 am UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

Plato, thankfully, did not poison himself; Socrates did. This is described in Plato's dialogue Phaedo. Socrates was a historical figure, whose writings do not survive, and he was famously the...

Latest answer posted April 27, 2016 2:24 pm UTC

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Plato's Republic

In Plato's Republic, according to the conventional interpretation, the allegory of the cave is an extended metaphor used by the Socratic character to explicate what is usually called "the middle...

Latest answer posted June 27, 2012 2:48 am UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

This analysis of pleasure, pain and reason comes in Book IX of this text, and Plato talks about these topics in the context of his overall argument that those who are just and follow the rules of...

Latest answer posted October 25, 2013 5:26 am UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

It isn't all writers who are banned from the Republic—just poets. In Plato's words, the tragic poet is an imitator, and therefore, like all other imitators, he is thrice removed from the king and...

Latest answer posted August 25, 2020 9:44 am UTC

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Plato's Republic

Adeimantus questions the logic behind the edict that workers will be allowed to own property and to marry while guardians will be forbidden to do so. Socrates tells Adeimantus that the guardians...

Latest answer posted November 3, 2007 8:02 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Plato's Republic

1) In The Republic, Plato, through Socrates, argues that social justice is rooted in "doing one’s own." He suggests that social justice is maintained when individuals see "justice [as] when...

Latest answer posted December 8, 2014 12:10 am UTC

1 educator answer

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