Questions and Answers for The Middle Ages

The Middle Ages

What was the positive impact of the Black Death on European society?

First of all, we should note that it is a little cold-blooded to talk about positive effects of this horrible human tragedy. We should not lose sight of the fact that millions of people died due...

Latest answer posted April 3, 2012 5:41 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

How did the growth of towns affect both feudalism and manorialism in the Middle Ages?

If we define feudalism as the entire system of obligation between lords, clergy, and peasants, including military obligations and manorialism as the narrower set of economic relations between the...

Latest answer posted May 1, 2017 11:03 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What challenges did the Church face during the fourteenth century?

Despite attempts in the early thirteenth century and beyond to reform the Roman Catholic Church from within, corruption within the Church continued to run rampant and collided sharply with a...

Latest answer posted December 11, 2019 3:42 pm UTC

4 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What sort of problems did the Church face because of fedualism in the High Middle Ages?

The major problems of the church were not so much the result of feudal practice as they were corruption within the church itself. At a time when lands held by the nobility were typically passed to...

Latest answer posted March 26, 2012 11:34 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What is the major difference between the feudal states of the Middle Ages and the emerging national states of the...

Pohnpei has discussed one of the key themes in the transition out of the Middle Ages into the Renaissance and Early Modern Era: the centralization of power under the monarchies. Indeed, political...

Latest answer posted January 16, 2019 3:25 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What is the significance of the "Investiture Controversy?" 

The Gregorian reform that strengthened the independence of the Catholic Church in relation to the secular powers was intimately connected to the Investiture Controversy in late eleventh to early...

Latest answer posted March 30, 2018 7:05 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Middle Ages

Identify And Describe Some Consequences Of The Revival Of Trade On Medieval Europe

Trade in the High Middle Ages came from several major events in world history; let's focus on the Black Death and the Crusades. From 1347-1351, the Black Death travelled across the Asian Steppes...

Latest answer posted March 10, 2015 2:16 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

How did location, geography or trade influence fashion during the Late Middle Ages?

During the Late Middle Ages the Crusades actually helped expand the political and geographical networks between Eastern and Western Europe despite of the loss of life that they also caused. The...

Latest answer posted July 10, 2013 3:14 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

1) Why is the Feudal Pyramid wrong?  2) If the Catholic Church is always right, as they claim, why do they need...

I will answer questions #2 and 6 here since both have to do with similar topics. To say that the Catholic Church claims always to be correct is somewhat unfair. I assume that this question is...

Latest answer posted November 12, 2013 5:27 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What were the key elements of politcal life in the Medieval period?

The key element of political life in the Medieval period was feudalism. This meant that politics during this time was a very personal affair based on personal loyalties rather than on loyalty to a...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2012 11:35 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Why did European life change beginning in 1000 AD?

European life was changing in many ways in the eleventh century CE Let us look at a few reasons why. The first major change was related to the development of agricultural technology. A new plow...

Latest answer posted December 12, 2018 2:49 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What were the key accessories worn by men and women during the Late Middle Ages? 

The first and most common key accessory belonging to the late middle ages period is the amonieres sarrasimoises or Saracen almsbags. These were the ancient version of the modern belt bags. The...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013 2:21 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

How did advances in farming lead to an overall change in Medieval life?

During the time that is known as the High Middle Ages, European society began to change. Up to that point, the society had been largely agrarian. During the High Middle Ages, the society became...

Latest answer posted January 17, 2013 12:57 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What role did the institutions of Feudalism and Manorialism play in European society?

Feudalism and manorialism were essentially the foundations upon which the Middle Ages was contrived. In the Middle Ages, the wealthy owned manors and had entire estates, while the poorest...

Latest answer posted May 11, 2019 1:17 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

How did the cultural exchange between Islam and Western Europe that was caused by the crusades affect the 12 century...

Modern historians typically say that the effect of the Crusades through cultural exchange was really quite limited. It is certainly true that the 12th century was affected by an increase in...

Latest answer posted March 21, 2012 12:32 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

As Europe came out of the Middle Ages, stronger governments were able to better control their people and geographic...

Feudalism and disunity prevailed in Europe during the Middle Ages. However, by the middle of the fifteenth century, several powerful nation states had emerged in Europe. The Hundred Years' War...

Latest answer posted January 15, 2020 12:22 am UTC

4 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What's the difference between feudalism and the manorial system?

Feudalism was an arrangement in which one nobleman owed allegiance to another. Under this arrangement, a lesser nobleman, commonly called a vassal, swore to fight for the upper nobleman, known as...

Latest answer posted June 3, 2012 8:22 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

What were the mendicant orders and their significance?

The noun "mendicant" means "beggar." It comes from the Latin verb mendicare, meaning "to beg." The mendicant orders of the Middle Ages were comprised of monks who had taken vows of poverty and had...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2020 1:38 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Why was the Corpus Juris Civilis important?

The Justinian Code (Corpus Juris Civilis) was one of Emperor Justinian's greatest accomplishments—along with the construction of the impressive Church of Holy Wisdom. Justinian, who ruled in the...

Latest answer posted October 8, 2019 10:38 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Why was the Investiture Conflict a victory for the papacy?

In Medieval Europe, the Investiture Conflict was a long and bitter struggle for political supremacy between the secular authorities and the Papacy. At the heart of the conflict was the burning...

Latest answer posted November 8, 2019 8:18 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What were the main garments, clothing styles, and silhouettes worn by men and women during the Late Middle Ages? 

The Late Middle Ages are set within the time span of 1307-1485. It precedes the Renaissance, although signs of it were starting to manifest in the arts, including fashion, during this time period....

Latest answer posted July 10, 2013 2:41 pm UTC

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The Middle Ages

Some scholars have catagorized the period of the late Middle Ages as a period of profound crises. What crises...

There are a number of crises that contributed to this reckoning. Three of the most important are: The Black Death. This plague, of course, killed a huge percentage of the population of Europe....

Latest answer posted May 8, 2012 6:22 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Why are Gothic cathedrals considered the ultimate expression of the Age of Faith? The High Middle Ages

There are at least two ways in which this is true. First, although this was the Age of Faith, it was also an age of growing scientific knowledge. Gothic cathedrals celebrated that knowledge. The...

Latest answer posted November 8, 2012 6:16 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Examine the reinvigoration of Europe in the later Middle Ages.

The High Middle Ages, spanning roughly 1000–1250 AD, is generally regarded as a period of reinvigoration for the European continent. Throughout these centuries, Europe experienced rapid social and...

Latest answer posted August 12, 2020 9:53 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

How did the rise of the middle class improve the economy during the time of the Crusades?

The rise of the middle class improved the economy in the time of the Crusades (also known as the “High Middle Ages”) because it was people of the middle class who allowed a boom in trade to occur...

Latest answer posted December 23, 2012 11:22 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

How did the church respond to some of the changes that Challenged Christianity during the Medieval/Roman Catholic Era...

Although religion during the Middle Ages was dominated by the Catholic Church, the Church faced many challenges from a variety of sources. “Christianity” evolved to include beliefs and practices...

Latest answer posted July 20, 2020 11:47 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What were significant changes in textile types, decorations and/or fabric productions during the Byzantine Era of the...

Early Byzantine fashion and textiles were derived from Roman fashion with togas, chitons and peploses being dominant clothing items. Wider trade relationships over time expanded Byzantium textile...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013 10:43 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Explain how guilds played a leading role in the economic life of cities in medieval times.

Guilds played a leading role in the economic lives of medieval cities because they exerted a great degree of control over the entire process of making and selling various goods and services. There...

Latest answer posted November 18, 2012 10:29 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What accounted for the changes in the Church from the end of the Roman Empire through the High Middle Ages?

During this time, the power of the Church generally increased across Europe though it was starting to decline as the Middle Ages came to an end. The main reason for this was the fact that society...

Latest answer posted April 12, 2012 6:53 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What sorts of impacts did the transformations of technology and agriculture around the year 1000 have on the European...

The two most important impacts of this transformation were increased population and increased trade. These also led to a more urbanized population. Beginning around the year 1000, agriculture...

Latest answer posted March 20, 2012 3:05 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Why do most of the crusades fail?

It should be noted, first of all, that the picture of the Crusades is a bit more complex than your question supposes. The First Crusade, for example, was an unmitigated success. The Crusaders...

Latest answer posted January 18, 2019 9:22 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

Economically, the "high middle ages" was a period of what?

Economically, the “High Middle Ages” were a period of expansion. During this time there was a move toward town development in Europe along with the growth of city-states in Italy. This urban...

Latest answer posted February 8, 2009 8:23 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What are the factors and challenges which shaped the Medieval Reformation Era (1250–1650)?

This is a very long period of time, in which a great many changes took place. The earlier part of it was filled with upheavals in European society which are sometimes collectively known as "the...

Latest answer posted September 22, 2020 1:51 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

In what way was courtly love ideal rather than "actual" in the modern sense of love?

The problem with the concept of "courtly .love" is that it is more a product of the scholarship of the late 19th and 20th centuries than a term actually used in the Middle Ages themselves. In...

Latest answer posted October 6, 2012 9:42 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What were some new elements of construction, garment shapes and types of garments during the Byzantine Era/Empire...

According to the History of Fashion website, there were only a couple elements added to the dress of the Byzantine period. While togas had been popular, tunics replaced the wrapped clothing style...

Latest answer posted July 27, 2013 8:26 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Why couldn't the church overthrow King John if he was such a bad king?

The Church (which in concrete terms means the Pope, and in this case Pope Innocent III) might have been able to overthrow John and arguably came close to making the attempt. By 1204, John had lost...

Latest answer posted February 22, 2020 11:37 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What type of civilization was created in Europe during the Middle Ages?

During the Middle Ages, the civilization that dominated in Western Europe was an unequal and feudal civilization. The major social/governmental system in Europe during this time was the feudal...

Latest answer posted July 6, 2012 4:06 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What types and forms of artwork were produced during the Late Middle Ages time period that provide information about...

In Late Middle Ages art we witness a total detour from the Romanesque and Byzantine influences. Instead, this period marks the first influences of the future Renaissance, which immediately...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013 6:12 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Did architectural styles have any similarities to the clothing forms or embellishments/motifs that existed during the...

A salient trait about the architectural style at the time of the Late Middle Ages is the adoption of a Pietical approach that would manifest mainly in cloisters, monasteries. This style entails a...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013 7:16 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Who was Al-Sufi?

Al-Sufi was an important astronomer of the Middle Ages. He lived in Persia in the 10th century CE. He is best known for his work entitled Book of Fixed Stars. A good deal of Al-Sufi's work...

Latest answer posted May 8, 2012 1:00 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What earlier ideas and cultural practices were challenged during the 14th century?

There is no clear demarcation, other than purely chronological between the "long middle ages" and the Renaissance. many of the features that we characteristically associate with the Renaissance and...

Latest answer posted June 11, 2012 9:29 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What were major changes in the governments of Europe from the middle ages to the Renaissance?

The major changes in government structures between the middle anges and Renaissance varied to a certain degree with region, but could be characterized as increasing centralization of power, and a...

Latest answer posted December 7, 2012 5:33 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

How do the letters of Abélard and Héloïse describe intelectual life in Europe durning their times?

The correspondence between Abélard and Héloïse can be read on a superficial level as a romantic tragedy, as one of the most tragic love stories of all times. The letters have fascinated the...

Latest answer posted July 26, 2012 2:31 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Can you help me with five questions where the answer is the phrase "the middle ages"?

This is a great topic! If you need this as an answer, think in terms of the topics you might have studied so far about the Middle Ages. My favourites are: Feudalism (societal structures)...

Latest answer posted May 9, 2013 8:02 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What were some ways in which siege warfare was carried out in medieval Europe?

During the Middle Ages, castles were very important military features. This meant that any conquering force had to be able to take a castle in order to dominate the area of the castle. Castles...

Latest answer posted April 29, 2012 7:31 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What are some ways in which castles in medieval Europe were designed to protect their inhabitants?

The entire design of a castle was designed to provide for the defense of its inhabitants. A castle was meant to be an impregnable fortress that could house many fighters. Those fighters could...

Latest answer posted April 29, 2012 7:26 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Between 600 and 1650, the popes were the leading authority figures of Western Europe. In what ways did they assert...

During most of this time period, the Catholic Church was the one spiritual authority in Western Europe. Popes were the unquestioned (except for times when there was more than one pope) heads of...

Latest answer posted April 30, 2012 5:08 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What technology was used to attack castles in medieval times?

By the end of the middle ages, the main technology being used to attack castles was cannon. However, cannon did not develop in any very useful way until late in that period. Before the...

Latest answer posted March 17, 2013 2:27 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What are some of the changes that challenged Christianity during the Medieval/Roman Catholic era of 500–1250 CE?

The Early and High Middle Ages were formative times for the Catholic Church. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in the late fifth century set the Church on a path that would see it as one of the...

Latest answer posted July 20, 2020 9:57 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

How many crusades were organized?  

The Crusades were a response to a call by Pope Urban after the Muslim conquest of Jerusalem in 1095.First Crusade (1 1096 to 1099): In this, five armies of nobles and one army of peasants headed...

Latest answer posted January 25, 2012 1:49 am UTC

1 educator answer

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