The Middle Ages Questions and Answers

The Middle Ages

If we define feudalism as the entire system of obligation between lords, clergy, and peasants, including military obligations and manorialism as the narrower set of economic relations between the...

Latest answer posted May 1, 2017, 11:03 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

First of all, we should note that it is a little cold-blooded to talk about positive effects of this horrible human tragedy. We should not lose sight of the fact that millions of people died due...

Latest answer posted April 3, 2012, 5:41 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Despite attempts in the early thirteenth century and beyond to reform the Roman Catholic Church from within, corruption within the Church continued to run rampant and collided sharply with a...

Latest answer posted December 11, 2019, 3:42 pm (UTC)

4 educator answers

The Middle Ages

The major problems of the church were not so much the result of feudal practice as they were corruption within the church itself. At a time when lands held by the nobility were typically passed to...

Latest answer posted March 26, 2012, 11:34 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

The Gregorian reform that strengthened the independence of the Catholic Church in relation to the secular powers was intimately connected to the Investiture Controversy in late eleventh to early...

Latest answer posted March 30, 2018, 7:05 pm (UTC)

3 educator answers

The Middle Ages

Pohnpei has discussed one of the key themes in the transition out of the Middle Ages into the Renaissance and Early Modern Era: the centralization of power under the monarchies. Indeed, political...

Latest answer posted January 16, 2019, 3:25 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

Feudalism was an arrangement in which one nobleman owed allegiance to another. Under this arrangement, a lesser nobleman, commonly called a vassal, swore to fight for the upper nobleman, known as...

Latest answer posted June 3, 2012, 8:22 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

The first and most common key accessory belonging to the late middle ages period is the amonieres sarrasimoises or Saracen almsbags. These were the ancient version of the modern belt bags. The...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013, 2:21 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

It should be noted, first of all, that the picture of the Crusades is a bit more complex than your question supposes. The First Crusade, for example, was an unmitigated success. The Crusaders...

Latest answer posted January 18, 2019, 9:22 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

The noun "mendicant" means "beggar." It comes from the Latin verb mendicare, meaning "to beg." The mendicant orders of the Middle Ages were comprised of monks who had taken vows of poverty and had...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2020, 1:38 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The Justinian Code (Corpus Juris Civilis) was one of Emperor Justinian's greatest accomplishments—along with the construction of the impressive Church of Holy Wisdom. Justinian, who ruled in the...

Latest answer posted October 8, 2019, 10:38 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Trade in the High Middle Ages came from several major events in world history; let's focus on the Black Death and the Crusades. From 1347-1351, the Black Death travelled across the Asian Steppes...

Latest answer posted March 10, 2015, 2:16 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

Feudalism and disunity prevailed in Europe during the Middle Ages. However, by the middle of the fifteenth century, several powerful nation states had emerged in Europe. The Hundred Years' War...

Latest answer posted January 15, 2020, 12:22 am (UTC)

4 educator answers

The Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages, spanning roughly 1000–1250 AD, is generally regarded as a period of reinvigoration for the European continent. Throughout these centuries, Europe experienced rapid social and...

Latest answer posted August 12, 2020, 9:53 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The Late Middle Ages are set within the time span of 1307-1485. It precedes the Renaissance, although signs of it were starting to manifest in the arts, including fashion, during this time period....

Latest answer posted July 10, 2013, 2:41 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

European life was changing in many ways in the eleventh century CE Let us look at a few reasons why. The first major change was related to the development of agricultural technology. A new plow...

Latest answer posted December 12, 2018, 2:49 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

During the time that is known as the High Middle Ages, European society began to change. Up to that point, the society had been largely agrarian. During the High Middle Ages, the society became...

Latest answer posted January 17, 2013, 12:57 am (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

Feudalism and manorialism were essentially the foundations upon which the Middle Ages was contrived. In the Middle Ages, the wealthy owned manors and had entire estates, while the poorest...

Latest answer posted May 11, 2019, 1:17 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

The Middle Ages

By the end of the middle ages, the main technology being used to attack castles was cannon. However, cannon did not develop in any very useful way until late in that period. Before the...

Latest answer posted March 17, 2013, 2:27 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The key element of political life in the Medieval period was feudalism. This meant that politics during this time was a very personal affair based on personal loyalties rather than on loyalty to a...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2012, 11:35 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Modern historians typically say that the effect of the Crusades through cultural exchange was really quite limited. It is certainly true that the 12th century was affected by an increase in...

Latest answer posted March 21, 2012, 12:32 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

I will answer questions #2 and 6 here since both have to do with similar topics. To say that the Catholic Church claims always to be correct is somewhat unfair. I assume that this question is...

Latest answer posted November 12, 2013, 5:27 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

In Medieval Europe, the Investiture Conflict was a long and bitter struggle for political supremacy between the secular authorities and the Papacy. At the heart of the conflict was the burning...

Latest answer posted November 8, 2019, 8:18 am (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

The rise of the middle class improved the economy in the time of the Crusades (also known as the “High Middle Ages”) because it was people of the middle class who allowed a boom in trade to occur...

Latest answer posted December 23, 2012, 11:22 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

The commercial revolution was a major turning point in economic history. After the Crusades, soldiers returning home to Europe in the 11th century brought back spices and all sorts of new goods and...

Latest answer posted November 15, 2019, 2:42 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

During the Late Middle Ages the Crusades actually helped expand the political and geographical networks between Eastern and Western Europe despite of the loss of life that they also caused. The...

Latest answer posted July 10, 2013, 3:14 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

The relationship between these three groups was complicated and not always stable. There were times of tolerance and times of great intolerance. The three groups learned from one another but were...

Latest answer posted May 8, 2012, 6:45 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

This is a very long period of time, in which a great many changes took place. The earlier part of it was filled with upheavals in European society which are sometimes collectively known as "the...

Latest answer posted September 22, 2020, 1:51 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

Although religion during the Middle Ages was dominated by the Catholic Church, the Church faced many challenges from a variety of sources. “Christianity” evolved to include beliefs and practices...

Latest answer posted July 20, 2020, 11:47 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, the civilization that dominated in Western Europe was an unequal and feudal civilization. The major social/governmental system in Europe during this time was the feudal...

Latest answer posted July 6, 2012, 4:06 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

There are at least two ways in which this is true. First, although this was the Age of Faith, it was also an age of growing scientific knowledge. Gothic cathedrals celebrated that knowledge. The...

Latest answer posted November 8, 2012, 6:16 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Guilds played a leading role in the economic lives of medieval cities because they exerted a great degree of control over the entire process of making and selling various goods and services. There...

Latest answer posted November 18, 2012, 10:29 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

Economically, the “High Middle Ages” were a period of expansion. During this time there was a move toward town development in Europe along with the growth of city-states in Italy. This urban...

Latest answer posted February 8, 2009, 8:23 am (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

There are a number of crises that contributed to this reckoning. Three of the most important are: The Black Death. This plague, of course, killed a huge percentage of the population of Europe....

Latest answer posted May 8, 2012, 6:22 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

The Church (which in concrete terms means the Pope, and in this case Pope Innocent III) might have been able to overthrow John and arguably came close to making the attempt. By 1204, John had lost...

Latest answer posted February 22, 2020, 11:37 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

What made European culture distinctive during the Middle Ages was the rise of the Christian church, centered in Rome. In western Europe, the Church became the center of culture, learning, and, to...

Latest answer posted July 6, 2012, 4:57 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

In Late Middle Ages art we witness a total detour from the Romanesque and Byzantine influences. Instead, this period marks the first influences of the future Renaissance, which immediately...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013, 6:12 pm (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

In other questions that you have asked, you have been mainly concerned with fashion. Therefore, I will answer this question with respect to fashion. The main reason why the information contained...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013, 2:16 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Early Byzantine fashion and textiles were derived from Roman fashion with togas, chitons and peploses being dominant clothing items. Wider trade relationships over time expanded Byzantium textile...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2013, 10:43 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

Al-Sufi was an important astronomer of the Middle Ages. He lived in Persia in the 10th century CE. He is best known for his work entitled Book of Fixed Stars. A good deal of Al-Sufi's work...

Latest answer posted May 8, 2012, 1:00 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The two most important impacts of this transformation were increased population and increased trade. These also led to a more urbanized population. Beginning around the year 1000, agriculture...

Latest answer posted March 20, 2012, 3:05 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

There is no clear demarcation, other than purely chronological between the "long middle ages" and the Renaissance. many of the features that we characteristically associate with the Renaissance and...

Latest answer posted June 11, 2012, 9:29 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The major changes in government structures between the middle anges and Renaissance varied to a certain degree with region, but could be characterized as increasing centralization of power, and a...

Latest answer posted December 7, 2012, 5:33 am (UTC)

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The Middle Ages

The correspondence between Abélard and Héloïse can be read on a superficial level as a romantic tragedy, as one of the most tragic love stories of all times. The letters have fascinated the...

Latest answer posted July 26, 2012, 2:31 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

This is a great topic! If you need this as an answer, think in terms of the topics you might have studied so far about the Middle Ages. My favourites are: Feudalism (societal structures)...

Latest answer posted May 9, 2013, 8:02 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, castles were very important military features. This meant that any conquering force had to be able to take a castle in order to dominate the area of the castle. Castles...

Latest answer posted April 29, 2012, 7:31 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The entire design of a castle was designed to provide for the defense of its inhabitants. A castle was meant to be an impregnable fortress that could house many fighters. Those fighters could...

Latest answer posted April 29, 2012, 7:26 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

During most of this time period, the Catholic Church was the one spiritual authority in Western Europe. Popes were the unquestioned (except for times when there was more than one pope) heads of...

Latest answer posted April 30, 2012, 5:08 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

During this time, the power of the Church generally increased across Europe though it was starting to decline as the Middle Ages came to an end. The main reason for this was the fact that society...

Latest answer posted April 12, 2012, 6:53 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

The Middle Ages

The problem with the concept of "courtly .love" is that it is more a product of the scholarship of the late 19th and 20th centuries than a term actually used in the Middle Ages themselves. In...

Latest answer posted October 6, 2012, 9:42 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

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