Questions and Answers for Medieval Europe

Medieval Europe

What are the characteristics of the Dark Ages?

First, one could say that the term "Dark Ages" is one applied to the time period from the Renaissance to the medieval period. Most contemporary scholars see the term as misleading at best. Instead,...

Latest answer posted December 7, 2017 6:09 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

How was society in Medieval Europe organized? 

The main form of organization of medieval society was known as "feudalism." Within this system, people were divided into three "estates", the nobility, the clergy, and commoners. Society in this...

Latest answer posted January 16, 2016 8:48 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

How did the Roman Catholic Church control daily life in medieval Europe?

In medieval Europe, the Roman Catholic Church was the most powerful church, and its power was formidable and far-reaching. Church leaders controlled almost all aspects of medieval life, and the...

Latest answer posted January 25, 2019 5:24 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Medieval Europe

How and why did feudalism begin?

As others have mentioned, feudalism began as a response to the break up of the Roman empire. While the Romans were in charge, the vast expanse of the empire was one of the safest places in the...

Latest answer posted August 3, 2019 11:40 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

How did the rise of trade affect feudalism?

In regard to medieval feudalism, trade and commercial endeavors were highly discouraged in order to maintain the status quo. Serfs were particularly confined to their fates, destined to work for...

Latest answer posted February 26, 2019 10:04 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

How did the Crusades help weaken feudalism?

The Crusades also opened a world unknown to most crusaders to that point. In many ways, the Middle East at that time was more developed than Europe. Medicine and architecture, for instance, were...

Latest answer posted August 9, 2015 3:05 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

What was a knight's education in Medieval Europe?

A knight began his training at a very early age, usually around seven years old. The first step in this training was to become a page. At this level, the young knight-in-training was to master...

Latest answer posted March 6, 2018 8:21 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

What was the Cluny reform movement?

The Cluny reform movement was a religious reform movement. It began in Cluny, France in 910. There were a variety of reasons for the decline of Western monasticism. Poverty, invasions, and the...

Latest answer posted May 30, 2016 1:54 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

What does Pope Urban II promise the crusaders?

Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade in 1095 in order to rid the Holy Land of Seljuk Turk influence and claim it for Christendom. This was considered quite important in the Catholic Church; in...

Latest answer posted November 23, 2017 9:18 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

What did Medieval Christians believe was the key to salvation?  

Medieval Christians believed that all humans were tainted with the Original Sin: Adam and Eve's fall from God's grace. Salvation could be achieved by going through a three-part process: contrition,...

Latest answer posted December 25, 2018 2:33 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

What contributed to the growth of universities in the Middle Ages?

The impetus towards establishment of universities began in the Carolingian Renaissance. While Latin was the official language of the church, it was not the native language of the rising northern...

Latest answer posted November 22, 2016 1:26 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

Discuss the characteristics of education during Medieval times.

In Medieval England, education was really only something that the rich had access to because education had to be paid for and peasants were not able to afford the cost. In 1066, William I conquered...

Latest answer posted January 29, 2016 11:57 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

Explain the significance of Alfred the Great for the development of English identity.

Great question! Alfred the Great was really important to the development of English identity, and is often remembered as a great English king—even though he wasn't really a king of England, because...

Latest answer posted April 4, 2019 12:50 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What are ten features of the Dark Ages?  

The Dark Ages are also known as the Middle Ages; the term "Dark Ages" is seen as somewhat pejorative in that it implies a time of barbarity and intellectual darkness. The period extends from...

Latest answer posted March 30, 2016 6:01 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What were some physical characteristics of Medieval cities?

Of course, medieval times lasted for centuries. This means that there was some variation in urban environments over time. In addition, there were medieval cities in many different places. This,...

Latest answer posted November 18, 2012 9:15 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

What good things did King John do? Were there any groups or a group in particular who may have thought that John was...

Historically, King John has one of the worst reputations of any medieval monarch. During his reign, England lost her lands in France, was heavily in debt and placed under Interdict by the pope....

Latest answer posted February 24, 2016 3:14 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What were the religious, political, and economic motivations behind the Crusades?

The Crusades occurred between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. There were religious, political, and economic reasons for them. But religious reasons were paramount. Crusaders had different...

Latest answer posted August 1, 2019 10:33 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

What were the motives of the crusaders during the first crusade?

The crusaders' motives were mixed. Many of them genuinely believed that they were doing God's work by wresting the Holy Land back from the Saracens. Others were less idealistic, seeing the crusades...

Latest answer posted June 14, 2018 6:48 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

How did medieval Europe differ from medieval China and the medieval Middle East?

Europe, China, and the Middle East differed in a number of ways during the medieval period. Two important differences were in religion and governance. While Europe, China, and the Middle East...

Latest answer posted April 21, 2019 8:46 am UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What are two characteristics of the medieval period?

Of course there were many things that characterized the Medieval Period. The two that might distinguish the period the most are the dominance of the Catholic Church and the institution of...

Latest answer posted June 11, 2018 8:35 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

How were the lives of male and female peasants different?

The Middle Ages in Europe was the timeframe from the 5th to the 15th centuries, also referred to as the Medieval period. During this era, there was a strict set of structural norms that dominated...

Latest answer posted June 3, 2019 5:20 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

Compare and contrast the lives and ideas of Jerome and Augustine. How did they set a new foundation for the Latin...

Saint Jerome (c. 340–420) and Saint Augustine (354–430) were born into a rapidly changing world. Emperor Constantine I (c. 280–337) had been the first Christian ruler of the Roman Empire, but the...

Latest answer posted June 28, 2019 2:31 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

How did new farming methods change medieval society?

The medieval period is an extremely expansive length of time in European history (roughly 600–1500 CE), and farming techniques differed from century to century. Therefore, it is difficult to make...

Latest answer posted June 13, 2019 11:51 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

Were the "Dark Ages" truly "dark"?

No, the dark ages were not a period of time where there was no invention and no art. I agree with the above post that any new cultural movement is likely to refer to what came before as the dark...

Latest answer posted February 14, 2012 11:46 am UTC

3 educator answers

Medieval Europe

What was the Cluny reform?

In the early years of the 10th century, the Benedictine order and other branches of monasticism had become corrupted by political and social conditions such as encroachments by Viking raiders,...

Latest answer posted May 23, 2019 2:14 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

After 1000 C.E. what were the causes of the revitalization of western Europe?

It could be argued that the rise of Western Europe doesn't really begin until the Renaissance which is several hundred years after 1000 C.E. The emergence of Western Europe is directly tied to the...

Latest answer posted February 15, 2012 3:37 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

How did the Catholic Church change during the Middle Ages? How did Church corruption impact the Middle Ages?

During the middle ages, the Catholic Church began to become more and more involved in secular government. They began to play a large role, especially in organizing government participation in the...

Latest answer posted October 5, 2008 3:01 am UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What is the name of the social system in Medieval Europe?

During the Medieval Period in Europe, most countries (or kingdoms) functioned under a system of social stratification known as feudalism. The feudal system was favored because it was considered to...

Latest answer posted September 25, 2016 6:19 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

Explain the key features of medieval Europe and how some of these features began to unravel by the end of the 15th...

With the late fifteenth century you'd be looking at Europe during the Renaissance and the Age of Exploration. In any case, there's an additional degree of difficulty when factoring in the sheer...

Latest answer posted December 7, 2018 4:59 am UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

How did the economic system of medieval Europe operate?

Medieval Europe was dominated by wars and conquests and the economy, predominantly agricultural, constantly suffered. Although historians struggle to define the beginning and end of the The Middle...

Latest answer posted July 15, 2014 1:48 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

How did the Crusades affect Europe's change from medieval Europe to modern Europe?

The Crusades were quite instrumental in changing Europe. As the Crusades ultimately failed in the ultimate goal—the taking of the Holy Land, many monarchs did not blindly follow Vatican orders....

Latest answer posted March 24, 2019 1:21 am UTC

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Medieval Europe

Why the Medieval Period is a significant period that needs to be studied to understand the evolution of human society ?

The Middle Ages spanned a one-thousand year period, from 500 to 1500, and were a time of great change and upheaval. In terms of our social evolution, some of the most important concepts were born...

Latest answer posted December 29, 2015 10:05 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

Why did feudalism end in Europe?

First, one must describe feudalism: this was a practice where nobles would give the king labor and military loyalty in return for land and favor. This was a very stratified society with the king...

Latest answer posted June 2, 2016 1:08 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What is a summary of the Marburg Colloquy?

The Marburg Colloquy took place at Marburg Castle in Marburg, Germany from October 1 to October 4, 529. Philip I of Hesse called the gathering together in hopes of uniting the factions of the...

Latest answer posted June 18, 2019 5:29 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

How did the shift in medieval educational culture from monasticism to scholasticism shape ideas of theology?

In medieval times, the majority of schooling was provided through religious organizations, such as monasteries and convents, and all areas of higher education (colleges and universities) were...

Latest answer posted April 23, 2019 12:59 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

Migration is a significant feature of ancient and medieval life. Using examples from the medieval world, consider how...

In the Early Middle Ages, the Roman Empire conquered and moved across Europe, and this movement is considered to be the foundation of modern European civilization today. In 1066, the Norman...

Latest answer posted May 2, 2020 7:07 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What was the social role of the Catholic Church in the Medieval period?

The Church was one of the most important institutions in Medieval society. Its sphere of influence was not just religious; the Church also played a key role in society as a whole. First, the Church...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2016 5:17 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What developments and achievements influenced life in Medieval Europe?

Spices, first encountered by Europeans during the Crusades, profoundly affected European cuisines. Prior to soldiers returning home from the Crusades with spices, European foods were bland and...

Latest answer posted January 18, 2016 6:05 am UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What years constitute the medieval period?

The "medieval" (pronounced "MED-E-VAL, not MIDevil or MEDevil) period, also frequently called the "middle ages," is typically defined as the years 500 AD to 1400 AD. The medieval period begins with...

Latest answer posted September 25, 2018 6:22 pm UTC

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Medieval Europe

In medieval times, why did people choose to study, or work, in the Church?

The reasons the Roman Catholic Church was so important in the Middle Ages are both practical and spiritual. On a spiritual level, it was the established church of western Europe, and because of the...

Latest answer posted April 8, 2015 6:02 am UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What were the types of plays composed in Medieval England?

Long before Shakespeare’s romances and tragedies, the people of Medieval England were enjoying a very different kind of performance. Historians call them “mystery plays,” but they are not the kinds...

Latest answer posted May 20, 2020 6:27 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What was the effect of the union of church and state during the Middle Ages?

During the Middle Ages, typically accepted to fall between 476 AD and 1453 AD, the Roman Catholic church in particular gained power, as it became highly organized and served to meet not only...

Latest answer posted May 24, 2019 11:50 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Medieval Europe

What are some examples of medieval military technology?

While medieval military technology spans a wide range of weaponry, some of the most well known and important devices include ranged weapons such as longbows, crossbows, and pole arms such as...

Latest answer posted May 29, 2019 11:44 pm UTC

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