Questions and Answers for Linguistics

Linguistics

What are the two main functions of morphology?

In terms of linguistics, morphology is the study of words. It looks at how words are formed and the relationship that words have with other words. It also analyzes the structure and different parts...

Latest answer posted October 10, 2019 7:00 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What are the connotation of the words: *rancorous *encomium *filial *exemplary *contrived

A "connotation" is the diverse and possible ways that the meaning of a word may be interpreted, either negatively or in positive way. The opposite of connotation is "denotation" which is the actual...

Latest answer posted April 2, 2013 4:48 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How does linguistic knowledge of phonics apply to everyday life?

The linguistic knowledge of phonics is essential for everyday life. it entails the three most important actions to make our brains understand the world, as we know it: recognition, reproduction,...

Latest answer posted October 15, 2012 4:54 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What does it mean to have "proficiency in a social language," and what are the various views that have been proposed...

One of the most respected researchers in the field of linguistics is J. Cummins, who has devoted extensive time to the analysis of language usage in L1 and L2 learners. Cummins (1984) proposed the...

Latest answer posted October 24, 2012 6:47 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Is Avestan language, or script, a completed language in use today?

Avestan refers to the ancient Indo-Iranian language in which the Avesta, or Zoroastrian scriptures, were written. The language is not currently in use anywhere because it was a proto-Iranian...

Latest answer posted June 19, 2016 11:31 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Considering the problems of conducting empirical research into language teaching, how might linguistics be of benefit...

When analyzed through an empirical method, language studies follow the qualitative research design. This design consists on the compilation of data that answers questions about a specific...

Latest answer posted November 16, 2012 8:25 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Linguistics

Someone once said that "Applied linguistics is not 'linguistics applied', because it deals with more issues than...

It is true that calling this field of study "applied linguistics" is somewhat of a misnomer because the term "applied" suggests that a specific strategy has been placed upon one or many linguistic...

Latest answer posted October 3, 2013 12:59 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What do you know about contrastive analysis in linguistics?

In the field of linguistics there are several elements that are studied in order to understand the semantics, syntax, and morphology of a language. Contrastive analysis is a practice used in our...

Latest answer posted February 2, 2011 5:16 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What are the tests that you can apply to determine whether a sequence of words is a syntactic constituent? Give...

Keep in mind that multiple tests should be done. One test alone might not settle the matter of whether a word or phrase is a constituent. Topicalization- move the potential constituent to the...

Latest answer posted September 20, 2012 11:07 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Making use of phrase structure rules for English, explain why the following sentences are ungrammatical. One example...

a. *The students speak can Esperanto. Some auxiliary verbs and modals must agree with the tense feature (T) of the main verb in English and precede the verb phrase (VP) containing the head verb....

Latest answer posted December 23, 2015 11:04 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Can someone describe the three periods, historically, which led to the development of Modern English today?   I got...

The three periods in the development of the English language are Old English, Middle English and Modern English. Old English is comprised of many languages, mainly from Germanic invaders that...

Latest answer posted June 20, 2011 2:55 am UTC

2 educator answers

Linguistics

If you have "deplete," can you have "replete"? Any amusing or obsolete words up your sleeves? How about deplete? As...

Everyone has been dis-appointed. Has anyone ever been appointed?

Latest answer posted January 5, 2012 11:17 pm UTC

9 educator answers

Linguistics

What is intonation, and how do English speakers use it?

In linguistics, intonation refers to a change in the pitch, timing, or volume of speech in order to signal an intent of the speaker's. Intonation can provide the attitude or emotion of the speaker,...

Latest answer posted June 18, 2016 4:26 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is the functions of style in linguistics?

This is a great question. Style in linguistic is important for many reason. Let me list a few of them. First, style in linguistics seeks to explain why an individual or group chooses a particular...

Latest answer posted February 14, 2012 3:47 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Which parts of grammar does theta theory affect?

Let's begin with a sentence: "Mark hit the ball with the bat." What is the verb? Hit, right? There are other elements of this sentence, too, and they all relate in some way to the verb “hit.”...

Latest answer posted June 8, 2020 6:56 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is "diglossia"?

Diglossia refers to a sociolinguistic phenomenom where the standard and vernacular language of a nation suffers changes in usage per region, or by the unique use of a particular group. As a result,...

Latest answer posted September 19, 2012 4:35 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What are the problems of conducting empirical research in to language teaching?

The main problem with empirical research in language teaching is that language acquisition is not an exact process that can be entirely predicted, and it occurs differently from person to person....

Latest answer posted October 21, 2012 6:05 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is an example of a research article related to discourse analysis? How does it reveal the link between the...

I assume you are referring to critical classroom discourse analysis (CCDA). A classic article in the field is Kumaravadivelu's article on CCDA. (Kumaravadivelu, B. “Critical Classroom Discourse...

Latest answer posted March 30, 2016 10:54 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is psycholinguistics?

Psycholinguistics is the study of how the human mind processes, understands, and creates language. Scientists and scholars from a variety of disciplines study psycholinguistics, and their work...

Latest answer posted May 15, 2012 12:30 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is meant by the statement "experiences of CLT in different context"?

The only problem with the phrase that you suggest is the way in which it is worded. It seems to be a warning written on an assessment report (or report card) concerning L2 learning, stating that...

Latest answer posted April 6, 2013 7:43 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is code switching and why does it occur? Applied linguistics

No matter what language we speak, we all make adjustments to our speech, depending on audience and context. Sometimes we are more formal, for example, speaking to professors or managers, but...

Latest answer posted January 11, 2013 7:06 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is the relationship between bilingualism and sociolinguistics?

First, bilingualism is a catch-all phrase that captures many varying degrees of language proficiency. While one person may identify as bilingual, he may be only able to navigate the basics of oral...

Latest answer posted January 5, 2020 1:51 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What should one understand by the term "bilingualism"?

Bilingualism is the ability of a person to speak two languages equally well, with the second one learned at the same time as or after the first or native language is learned. Often a person...

Latest answer posted March 25, 2011 9:50 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What aspects of speech do people pay the most attention to?

Though not speech itself, people pay a great deal of attention to eye contact as a mode of communication. Good eye contact makes a speaker seem credible, approachable, and confident. People who...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2019 9:57 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Linguistics

What differences are there between spoken and written language?

There is often a vast difference in the grammatical and cultural rules for speaking and writing in any given language. In English for instance, we tend to speak far more casually than we write....

Latest answer posted August 2, 2012 6:45 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Explain the linguistic stance on standard varieties of a language.

Standard varieties in language include dialects, standard languages, registers and styles of language, and individual idiosyncratic language forms. The terms "standard variety" thus covers language...

Latest answer posted June 24, 2013 3:20 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Notes on inflectional versus derivational morphology

Morphology is the study of word formation, sound and meaning. In general, inflectional morphology examines the structure and meaning of the word. Inflectional morphologists study things like...

Latest answer posted January 5, 2012 7:45 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What are some major differences between American English and British English?

Neither American nor British English are themselves uniform, containing many regional variations. To compare American and British Englishes, it is probably best to select the two parallel...

Latest answer posted March 29, 2012 7:33 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How is it possible that language can be considered both instinctive and non-instinctive (Introduction to Linguistics,...

In 1921, Edward Sapir declared that Language is a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions and desires by means of a system of voluntarily produced symbols. The...

Latest answer posted September 10, 2020 8:35 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How do the Strictly Come Dancing judges adapt their spoken language for the functions they perform when at work?...

In the study of linguistics, particularly socio-linguistics, which, essentially, deals with language use in social situations, paralinguistics are important for identifying non-verbal (non-word...

Latest answer posted January 8, 2016 12:21 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Discuss the general framework and basic issues that a theory of SLA will need to consider in order to be viable.

The few solid theories of second language acquisition existing today, from among hundreds of them, often share basic tenets that grant them as viable. These are assumptions based on social,...

Latest answer posted November 9, 2012 8:23 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is syntax?

This is a good question and this word is often times defined so ambiguously. Syntax is the study of the principles that govern phrases, clauses, and sentence structure. Each language in the world...

Latest answer posted November 3, 2011 6:08 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Why are "pidgins" and "creoles" interesting from the point of view of language change in general?

Pidgins and creoles are interesting from the point of language change because they demonstrate how languages can change when people who speak different languages are brought together and need to...

Latest answer posted January 10, 2012 10:57 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is the connection between first language acquisition in children and second language aquisition in adults ?

Excellent question! The process of language learning, in general, is the same when babies learn their first language, as when adults learn a second language. However, the differences in brain...

Latest answer posted April 7, 2011 4:32 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is an overall account of vowels in English?

In one regard, one might say vowels create phonemes that create meaning. For example, {pit} and {pet} have very different meanings because the vowel phoneme in each, /i/ and /e/, changes the...

Latest answer posted May 22, 2012 9:38 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How do the words "blackberry" and "text" exemplify the evolution of language?

Languages change in three major ways. They experience changes in vocabulary, pronunciation, and syntax. The two words that you mention here are examples of one way that vocabulary change can...

Latest answer posted September 19, 2012 12:46 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Favorite word etymologies What are some favorite word etymologies? Here's a super one: Notwithstanding: it derives...

A word that has lost one of its meanings over time is the word tell. It is derived from the Old English word tellan, which became telle in Middle English. The Dutch word tellen, meaning to count...

Latest answer posted December 26, 2011 2:43 pm UTC

9 educator answers

Linguistics

What are the responsible factors for a language change (all languages), with a special reference to the English...

Languages evolve over time to suit the needs of humans. Some words retain their usefulness and are preserved; others become archaic and fade out of existence. The English language, in particular,...

Latest answer posted July 15, 2012 11:27 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is an analogy for any of these: Intercept, Condoling, Presumptuous, Apathy, and Foreshadowing? Please explain...

I think you must be looking for synonyms for the words you list in your question. Intercept: block Condoling: comforting Presumptuous: audacious Apathy: emotionlessness Foreshadowing: hint It is...

Latest answer posted September 16, 2012 10:34 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Can you explain semiotics in relation to human languages?

Semiotics is a huge topic. In this format, I can provide only a skeletal overview. [Your original question had to be cut down to one part to accord with eNotes policy and to fit the space...

Latest answer posted July 12, 2012 2:25 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What was the influence of Latin on the English language?  

The English language, which began as a conglomeration of native tongues, was greatly influenced by the Roman conquest of the British Isles near the end of Rome’s dominance of the Western world—not...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2012 4:55 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is lexical relation? i nees more information about it as an English major; my research is about semantics.

A lexical relationship between languages is independent from syntax (word order); as an example, German and English have a strong syntactical relationship (one reason German is easy to learn by a...

Latest answer posted January 6, 2012 3:49 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

In Walt Wolfram's study guide for American Tongues he discusses the speech patterns of Boston: One of the Boston men...

Louis Alvarez's 1988 documentary film American Tongues explores the diversity of accents in the United States and reflects on their origins. The Boston Brahmins are members of the traditional East...

Latest answer posted November 7, 2019 2:20 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

What is the difference between language acquisition and language learning?

The difference between language acquisition and language learning is so profound that researchers who study neurolinguistics, which analyzes how language impacts the brain, have found out that the...

Latest answer posted November 29, 2019 8:58 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Why has it become necessary to develop applied linguistics?

There are plenty of reasons that led to the development of applied linguistics as a science. There are also reasons today that grant that the expansion of this field continues as extensively as...

Latest answer posted November 9, 2012 7:52 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Can you explain what destinctive features in English phonology are?

This is a large and complex topic. Assuming you are a new student to phonetics/phonology, a skeleton view will give you an orientation. "Distinctive features" is a technical term meaning analysis...

Latest answer posted May 12, 2012 11:45 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

[enɑq] ‘tree’ [nɑq] ‘brother-in-law’ [enok] ‘house’ [mɑqip] ‘chicken’ [ilɑqo] ‘drum’ [nuk] ‘sweet potato’ [nsik] ‘I...

Both Ana and Bo are noticing linguistic trends, but their generalizations aren't quite correct. This linguistic puzzle is something of a logic puzzle, and you can look for trends in the word...

Latest answer posted February 12, 2020 3:00 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

In what way is human language different from animal language?

Human language is considered unique in the ways that it differs from the communicative capabilities of other animals. The differences are related both to the brain and to the physical apparatus of...

Latest answer posted September 15, 2020 3:17 am UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How can I teach STRESS in English pronunciation well? I mean stress in first, second or ... syllables.

A good English dictionary (Webster’s Collegiate is the standard) will provide accent marks for all words. Since English is a language with many sources, there are no hard and fast rules (although...

Latest answer posted June 4, 2012 7:15 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How do different speakers of English express apects of their identities through different writing practices?

"Different speakers of English" seems to denote speakers of varieties of English. If British English is the baseline for the English language, then a few varieties are American English, Indian...

Latest answer posted September 16, 2012 3:22 am UTC

2 educator answers

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