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Linguistics Questions and Answers

Linguistics

Slang is a major contributor to changing languages. The word "cool" used to only refer to temperature but, thanks to youth culture, it now means that something is good. Slang words fall in and out...

Latest answer posted November 16, 2019, 1:43 am (UTC)

3 educator answers

Linguistics

To best determine the lexical categories of the starred words, let's first review some terminology. Linguists typically identify seven lexical categories: Nouns signify persons, places, things,...

Latest answer posted June 24, 2020, 2:26 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

A lexeme is a basic unit of meaning in a language. A lexeme can be a single word or set of words; any unit that depends upon all its morphological components to be understood qualifies. In other...

Latest answer posted March 3, 2016, 7:13 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Charles Morris says that there are 3 types of word meaning (sense). Referential meaning deals with how we understand symbols as they relate to a meaning. For example, the Red Cross of America is a...

Latest answer posted April 2, 2013, 9:41 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The development of the English language in Britain was affected by a series of culture interactions. While England proper was settled mainly by speakers of Germanic languages, Ireland, Wales, and...

Latest answer posted July 16, 2012, 4:16 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

These terms—“signifier” and “signified”-- used by Ferdinand de Saussure to discuss his theory of linguistics (actually a philosophy of epistemology—how we know things--differing from Plato’s),...

Latest answer posted April 20, 2012, 8:31 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Most theories of second language acquisition, like those in the field of general education, are based on two schools of thought: the behavioral, or the cognitive school of thought. The behavioral...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2012, 5:17 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Cardinal vowels are a linguistic construction devised by Daniel Jones to organize a consistent vowel sound classification. The classification of vowel sounds in the cardinal organization is...

Latest answer posted March 11, 2011, 12:31 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Sociolinguistics is a hybrid of sociology and linguistics. It is the study of the relationship between language and society. The language we use is influenced by social contexts. This is true, for...

Latest answer posted June 3, 2019, 12:47 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

The etymology of these words (pedantic and pedantical) is a little confusing because of the forms in which they entered English from Old French. PEDANTICAL: The original form from which pedantical...

Latest answer posted March 20, 2013, 11:35 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Dell Hymes, in the year 1966, introduced the concept of Communicative competence, which in simple terms, is nothing but the potential of a language user/learner to communicate effectively or in the...

Latest answer posted September 27, 2012, 5:35 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

A speech community is a group that decides how language will be used. This community may be comprised of professionals familiar with language (linguistics, etymologies, etc.) that have a developed,...

Latest answer posted February 24, 2011, 2:18 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Structural linguisticsMorphological sets are part of the paradigmatic structure of language, which is itself a component of the langua element of structural linguistics. Morphological word sets are...

Latest answer posted March 14, 2015, 2:04 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Although language is a universal human trait, linguistics is a complex field of study that often overlaps with other disciplines. Broadly speaking, linguistics covers the study of the structure of...

Latest answer posted May 16, 2021, 5:22 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The three periods in the development of the English language are Old English, Middle English and Modern English. Old English is comprised of many languages, mainly from Germanic invaders that...

Latest answer posted June 20, 2011, 2:55 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

Let's start with semantics while understanding that the eNotes format doesn't allow for great detail on such a broad question as this. Semantics is the study of meaning. Meaning, what we mean when...

Latest answer posted July 27, 2012, 7:50 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Morphology is an area of linguistics that focuses on words. The morpheme is the basic unit of morphology, and morphology is divided into two branches: inflectional and derivational. The other main...

Latest answer posted February 7, 2019, 12:10 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

To revise the passage to make it more appropriate for a multicultural audience, consider changing some of the words and phrases that tend to belong to a certain culture and, thus, might be hard to...

Latest answer posted November 1, 2021, 3:36 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

I would recommend you to understand aspiration and devoicing, so that you can transcribe aspirated and devoiced words that come in your exam. Aspiration is a phonological process in which a sound...

Latest answer posted December 22, 2015, 11:36 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

In order to answer this question, it is essential to define what an abstract noun is. An abstract noun is a noun that cannot be sensed with your five senses. To make it more concrete, you cannot...

Latest answer posted December 11, 2011, 4:44 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

This is a great question. Style in linguistic is important for many reason. Let me list a few of them. First, style in linguistics seeks to explain why an individual or group chooses a particular...

Latest answer posted February 14, 2012, 3:47 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

In brief, syntactic phenomena are a set of syntactical arrangements or functions that may occur across a wide spectrum of languages. An example is Wh-movement, also called A-movement. Let's break...

Latest answer posted January 4, 2012, 1:15 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

How does John Rupert Firth describe the concept of context of utterances in linguistics? Please provide examples. A leading figure in linguistics in the 1950s, John Rupert Firth’s work gave rise...

Latest answer posted October 16, 2017, 3:29 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Regarding structuralism as it pertains to literary theory, structuralism connects literature to a wider "structure," which may be a particular genre, a range of intertextual connections, a model...

Latest answer posted February 24, 2011, 4:25 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

It may be said that English consonants are phonemes that create meaning. Consider, for example, the change in meaning when the phoneme /m/ is switched with the phoneme /c/: {man} becomes {can} and...

Latest answer posted May 30, 2012, 2:21 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

English is derived from the Roman alphabet that Christian missionaries brought to Anglo-Saxon England in the 600s and that built on an earlier Germanic alphabet called runes. Monks, who were...

Latest answer posted January 10, 2017, 1:53 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The Germanic languages were extremely influential in shaping the English language as we know it today. The original inhabitants of the islands we now know as the British Isles (England, Scotland,...

Latest answer posted August 16, 2011, 9:24 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The linguistic knowledge of phonics is essential for everyday life. it entails the three most important actions to make our brains understand the world, as we know it: recognition, reproduction,...

Latest answer posted October 15, 2012, 4:54 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

There are over 6500 spoken languages in the world. And even this figure could well be an underestimation of reality, as there are some languages that are not recorded at all and some that have died...

Latest answer posted April 19, 2016, 6:10 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Let us first explain what a morpheme actually is. A morpheme is a representative unit of grammar that cannot be broken down into smaller meaningful parts. A morpheme is to language what an atom is...

Latest answer posted November 5, 2012, 11:32 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The English language is divided into three historical versions, each of which is significantly different from the other to the point that it is considered its own language. The first recorded use...

Latest answer posted June 17, 2019, 6:05 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

Phonology and phonetics are both branches of linguistics that have to do with sound. However, they differ in the approaches they take towards the study of sounds in languages. Phonology is the...

Latest answer posted May 23, 2019, 2:47 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

Deep Structure (D-Structure) is is one of the early elements of Noam Chomsky's transformational generative grammar theory (TGG). Its complement is Surface Structure (S-Structure). It is...

Latest answer posted January 23, 2011, 2:20 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Excellent answer. One other important element: the level of education is embedded in language choices, "correctness" of grammar, sophistication of vocabulary, etc.

Latest answer posted February 14, 2012, 3:02 am (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

By examining that brief corpus of Spanish nouns, we are able to determine a few morphemes that are very productive in that language. First, the -a is a flexion for indicating female gender: amig-a,...

Latest answer posted April 2, 2019, 6:35 pm (UTC)

2 educator answers

Linguistics

Keep in mind that multiple tests should be done. One test alone might not settle the matter of whether a word or phrase is a constituent. Topicalization- move the potential constituent to the...

Latest answer posted September 20, 2012, 11:07 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Standard varieties in language include dialects, standard languages, registers and styles of language, and individual idiosyncratic language forms. The terms "standard variety" thus covers language...

Latest answer posted June 24, 2013, 3:20 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

A morpheme is a minimal linguistic unit that has a form as well as a function or some semantic basis (basically, a meaning). Let me explain this linguistic terminology. Traditionally, it was...

Latest answer posted November 5, 2013, 1:18 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis claims that language shapes people's views of the world, which in turn shape their cultures. Cultures, therefore, are different because languages are different. Let's...

Latest answer posted March 4, 2022, 1:52 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

First, bilingualism is a catch-all phrase that captures many varying degrees of language proficiency. While one person may identify as bilingual, he may be only able to navigate the basics of oral...

Latest answer posted January 5, 2020, 1:51 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The main problem with empirical research in language teaching is that language acquisition is not an exact process that can be entirely predicted, and it occurs differently from person to person....

Latest answer posted October 21, 2012, 6:05 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Both definitions work, and in fact, they compliment one another. Morphology (in linguistics, not biology) studies ways in which languages form words from parts, and so a linguist studying...

Latest answer posted August 3, 2018, 11:04 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

In his influential text Principles and practice in second language acquisition (1982) Stephen Krashen compiled all of his hypotheses in second language learning under the "Monitor Model". The...

Latest answer posted November 2, 2012, 7:07 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

A lexical relationship between languages is independent from syntax (word order); as an example, German and English have a strong syntactical relationship (one reason German is easy to learn by a...

Latest answer posted January 6, 2012, 3:49 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Linguistic knowledge is innate, implicit, and shared by every member of our species. Moreover, any language in the world is acquired rapidly and effortlessly in a comparatively short period of time...

Latest answer posted February 9, 2016, 8:55 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

a. *The students speak can Esperanto. Some auxiliary verbs and modals must agree with the tense feature (T) of the main verb in English and precede the verb phrase (VP) containing the head verb....

Latest answer posted December 23, 2015, 11:04 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Simply put, human language can convey much more complex ideas than animals are capable of. All human societies have language. Humans use language, mostly verbal but also visual (gestures,...

Latest answer posted September 25, 2021, 6:38 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

To identify the numbers of phonetic vowels and consonants in English words, it is first necessary to know that vowels are defined phonetically as sounds made with an open vocal tract and that...

Latest answer posted December 17, 2021, 7:41 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

The concept of Langue (language) and Parole (speech) was given by the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. These terms appeared first in the book “A Course In General Linguistics” (Cours de...

Latest answer posted September 29, 2016, 7:30 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Linguistics

Linguistics (the study of language) divides two major ways: spoken (called phonics) and written. Another major division is synchronic vs, diachronic—as the derivations of the terms imply, study...

Latest answer posted July 6, 2012, 5:24 pm (UTC)

1 educator answer

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