Langston Hughes Questions and Answers

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes’s poems “Dreams” and “Harlem” feature powerful visual imagery conveyed through several literary devices. Both poems explore different consequences of blocked dreams. In “Dreams,”...

Latest answer posted October 6, 2020, 6:46 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The short story "Berry" is an example of satire, which is used to expose or criticize human vices, habits or behavior through ridicule, humor, irony or exaggeration. The story revolves around a...

Latest answer posted April 29, 2016, 6:45 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Milberry had learned to solve problems through hard work. He had made a decision that he was not going to be bothered by other people's prejudices because he had suffered too much and was not...

Latest answer posted June 7, 2016, 6:20 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Milberry Jones finds that he meets with demeaning treatment and exploitation on his new job, which isn't very different from the treatment that caused him to leave his previous job. Milberry is...

Latest answer posted March 23, 2017, 6:28 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The thesis of Langston Hughes's essay entitled "Salvation" is found in the first and last lines of the piece. He begins by saying, "I was saved from sin when I was going on thirteen. But not really...

Latest answer posted March 26, 2018, 8:11 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The symbolism in "As I Grew Older" is robust and center-stage in the poem. Indeed, the poem is structured entirely around two key images, which are repeated for emphasis. The first symbol is that...

Latest answer posted April 23, 2018, 8:30 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

I swear to the LordI still can't seeWhy Democracy meansEverybody but me. This is Langston Hughes's poem "The Black Man Speaks" from Jim Crow's Last Stand (1943). The title gives us some context,...

Latest answer posted May 2, 2019, 9:15 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In his essay "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain," poet Langston Hughes interprets the statement of a young African-American poet that, "I want to be a poet—not a Negro poet," to mean, "I...

Latest answer posted August 27, 2019, 9:28 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was the poetic voice of not just a generation, but of an entire race. Born in the mid-west in the early 1900’s, his work became synonymous with the struggle for equality during the...

Latest answer posted February 10, 2016, 9:56 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In this poem, the speaker is describing the uncomfortable mood at the dinner table where an apparently liberal white person is befriending him, or at least making a show of doing so. There is...

Latest answer posted October 7, 2018, 3:18 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In this poem, two former sweethearts from Ohio (Bill and Mary) randomly run into each other again in Washington Square in NYC one night. We learn that they did not marry because: Then something...

Latest answer posted February 28, 2010, 2:11 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Both "I, Too" and "The Weary Blues" focus on African American men who try to express themselves. In "I, Too," the speaker tries to express himself by an act of simple defiance, namely his refusal...

Latest answer posted August 6, 2019, 7:28 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Nancy Lee does not lose her pride and self-worth because these were neither created nor nurtured by the committee. All the sensations of pride in winning the scholarship were formulated and...

Latest answer posted October 12, 2018, 3:23 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Of course, any work of poetry opens itself up to a number of different meanings, and it is very hard to pin down any one definitive explanation of such a diverse medium. However, here is my "take"...

Latest answer posted July 8, 2011, 8:36 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes's poem "Life is Fine" focuses on the struggles of a man who is dealing with heartbreak. In this poem, the man contemplates suicide by both jumping into a river and then jumping from...

Latest answer posted July 28, 2016, 7:49 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

He frequently uses metaphors, similes and symbolism. If you look at his poem "Mother to Son," he has a mother giving advice to her son, and she compares life to an old staircase that one must keep...

Latest answer posted April 28, 2009, 10:30 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The one-act play written by Langston Hughes entitled A Soul Gone Home portrays several messages about poverty, family, racial inequality, and selfishness. This play was written in 1937, which was a...

Latest answer posted September 11, 2017, 1:30 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes, born in 1902, is remembered for his short stories and poetry which were great influences in the Harlem Renaissance. His work was steeped in the politics of race relations, as he...

Latest answer posted March 21, 2016, 4:19 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Bill and Mary had been in love with each other when they were both young. When they were a couple, they used to take evening walks and talk together. They stopped speaking after "something not very...

Latest answer posted June 6, 2016, 3:41 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The first line of this very short and thought-provoking poem is “The ivory gods and the ebony gods.” To help you get started in your analysis of themes and literary devices in this work, let us...

Latest answer posted December 8, 2019, 9:02 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes's poems dramatize the plight of African Americans in an unjust, racist society. For example, in "The Ballad of the Landlord," an African American tenant attempts to ask his white...

Latest answer posted January 7, 2018, 1:15 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The theme of appearances and reality is one of the strongest themes in "Berry." There is a phoniness to Dr. Renfield's home that "troubles" Berry. He sees it in "Mrs. Osborn's grand manner to...

Latest answer posted June 25, 2016, 3:29 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

As the story opens, an employment office in Jersey City has sent a worker, Milberry Jones, to a large home near the beach that houses disabled children for the summer. It's run in part by Mrs....

Latest answer posted April 28, 2016, 8:37 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Characterization is one element used in "Who's Passing for Who?" It is interesting to look at the way Hughes developed the white characters and the black characters. The white couple who tricks...

Latest answer posted November 26, 2012, 12:36 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes wrote about dreams, inequality, and oppression in his imagery poems. He was considered to be the best of the Harlem Renaissance poets. His beautiful poetry speaks not only to the...

Latest answer posted August 27, 2013, 7:56 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

"Dream Boogie" is narrated by two speakers who speak over one another. The main opposition in the poem is between these two speakers. The first speaker asks his friend, who he refers to as "daddy,"...

Latest answer posted April 7, 2021, 8:54 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

On the surface of it, this poem describes the sea and its endlessness. Hughes describes the sea as a "wilderness" and a "desert," both words which are usually applied to dry land, and both of which...

Latest answer posted July 27, 2018, 8:43 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes wrote the one act play entitled A Soul Gone Home in 1963. It was part of a collection called Five Plays by Langston Hughes. The plot of the play is a sixteen-year-old boy named...

Latest answer posted September 4, 2017, 5:04 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

I think that one of the primary lessons that Hughes wishes to impart from his poem is the idea that Booker T. Washington served a vital role in the construction of Black consciousness in America....

Latest answer posted September 22, 2012, 10:39 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

I agree with the previous poster, but I would like to add that in addition to the poetry, short stories, and plays that Hughes is best known for, he's also the author of a great number of essays,...

Latest answer posted November 20, 2009, 4:47 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In Langston Hughes' story "Berry," Mrs. Osborn, the housekeeper at Dr. Renfield's Summer Home for Crippled Children, has sent to the Jersey City employment office to get a replacement for the...

Latest answer posted May 12, 2021, 6:08 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In the short story "Berry" by Langston Hughes, the author illustrates the themes of racism and inequality. The main character of the story, Milberry Jones—whom the children call Berry—is hired to...

Latest answer posted November 28, 2018, 1:58 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was an American poet who lived from 1902 to 1967. He is considered an important figure in the Harlem Renaissance, a movement of Black artists, writers, and musicians in Harlem and...

Latest answer posted February 15, 2019, 1:39 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

“The City” by Langston Hughes is an eight-line long poem. It consists of two stanzas each containing four lines. Four-line stanzas are called "quatrains." The lines each contain two stressed...

Latest answer posted December 23, 2019, 8:39 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

"The Pushcart Man" and "Drama for Winter Night" are two of my favorite works by Langston Hughes. I think I can help you find lots of ways in which the individual is both embedded and alienated in...

Latest answer posted June 8, 2020, 5:02 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Camille Dungy's poem "Because It Looked Hotter That Way" is, interestingly, an acrostic poem that utilizes the last words of Gwendolyn Brooks's "We Real Cool" and, thus, restricts its form.(Here is...

Latest answer posted October 22, 2014, 2:14 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In the poem, Langston Hughes creates a contrast between a thematic project staged on a train, which traveled the United States beginning in 1947 and had no African American personnel, and ordinary...

Latest answer posted November 14, 2019, 5:27 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Just to add to the answer above, we might say that the dream that Hughes refers to is the dream of achieving equality and freedom as a black man in a racist society. There is no direct statement of...

Latest answer posted March 9, 2015, 1:25 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Hughes as a visionary can be argued on many different fronts. His writings are visionary in terms of articulating a reality for African- Americans that embraced both the condition of what is and a...

Latest answer posted June 28, 2013, 12:23 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

There are no super explicit examples of personification in Langston Hughes's "As I Grew Older," but there are several lines where personification may be implied. The first thing that Hughes could...

Latest answer posted April 8, 2018, 12:43 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was the poetic voice of the African-American in the mid-twentieth century. Often feeling disenfranchised from white society, Hughes’ poetry spoke to the black community to never...

Latest answer posted November 16, 2012, 1:07 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

All right, so we need to determine theme. An easy way to think about theme is to answer this question: What statement about the world is the speaker of the poem sending to the reader. If you can...

Latest answer posted May 14, 2011, 12:41 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In “Berry” by Langston Hughes, both Milberry Jones and the children at Dr. Renfield's Summer Home for Crippled Children are outsiders. Milberry, better known as “Berry,” as a young Black man, knows...

Latest answer posted May 20, 2021, 3:47 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In Langston Hughes's short story "Berry," the African-American boy named Milberry Jones, called Berry for short, is instantly treated like an "other" the moment he arrives to work in the kitchen at...

Latest answer posted July 10, 2016, 10:28 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

In "Madam and the Rent Man," the subject and conflict are one in the same. It is an argument between a tenant and a rent collector. The tenant, or Madam, is refusing to pay her rent because of...

Latest answer posted March 10, 2019, 12:19 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was a poet whose writing played a critical role in the Harlem Renaissance. There is a lot that can be learned from both his life and his writing, but I will provide an overview of...

Latest answer posted May 30, 2020, 1:21 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

"Madam and her Madam" utilizes irony to convey the delicate conflict between a wealthy white woman and the black woman, Alberta, she uses to complete the many tasks of the household. Hughes employs...

Latest answer posted January 31, 2020, 5:36 pm (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Since this poem is not divided into stanzas, I'll separate into sections which make sense for meaning. I dream a world where manNo other man will scorn, The speaker opens with his vision of a new...

Latest answer posted March 5, 2020, 2:05 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes's short story "Berry" is about a hardworking African American man named Milberry Jones, also known as "Berry." He is an undereducated and poor man, but Berry also has a kind soul...

Latest answer posted June 20, 2021, 4:08 am (UTC)

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Langston Hughes

The mood of "As I Grew Older" is hopeful and uplifting. The speaker's dream is overshadowed by a wall, and he seems to give up hope when he "lie[s] down in the shadow, / No longer the light of...

Latest answer posted March 9, 2018, 11:54 pm (UTC)

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