Questions and Answers for Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How did Jean-Jacques Rousseau impact government?

Jean Jacques Rousseau had a major impact on modern governments through the advancement of the philosophy of social contract. Through his work he was able to transform mostly despotic government...

Latest answer posted August 25, 2015 5:56 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What government did Jean-Jacques Rousseau prefer?  

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an advocate for direct democracy. This is the only form of government that Rousseau believed would give expression to humanity's innate freedom and autonomy that was...

Latest answer posted July 20, 2018 12:46 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau believe in?

Contrary to popular belief, Rousseau did not advocate turning back the clock to some primitive golden age. At no point in his voluminous writings does he argue that men and women should leave...

Latest answer posted November 7, 2019 6:35 am UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How does Rousseau define slavery?

Jean-Jaques Rousseau was a French philosopher and abolitionist who understood slavery to be an absolute evil in the world that completely denied the core autonomy of an individual. Rousseau held...

Latest answer posted February 14, 2020 6:31 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Was Jean-Jacques Rousseau in favor of collectivism or individualism? How did this influence his political philosophy?...

Jean-Jacques Rousseau is generally considered the quintessential collectivist. That is, he believed that the common good of the whole of society must always and everywhere outweigh the rights of...

Latest answer posted April 18, 2016 9:49 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What were the major works of Jean Jacques Rousseau?

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) is widely acknowledged as on of the most important thinkers of the eighteenth-century European Enlightenment. The areas he most influenced were Romanticism,...

Latest answer posted September 12, 2015 5:55 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

According to Rousseau, the objective of education is not to make a soldier, magistrate or priest, but to make a...

Rousseau believed that people are naturally good and that it is society that is the source of evil. Therefore, he believes that the point of educaton is to bring out the good person that is at the...

Latest answer posted November 4, 2011 11:10 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

According to Rousseau, where does a government obtain power?

According to Rousseau, the government gets power from the consent of the people it rules. It does this through the creation of a "social contract." According to Rousseau, people in the state of...

Latest answer posted April 12, 2010 1:58 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Discuss Rousseau's ideas on the legitimacy of authority.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in The Social Contract, published in 1762, sets out his beliefs concerning where authority should rest in an ideal society. His primary belief is that sovereignty should...

Latest answer posted November 22, 2018 6:20 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Was Jean-Jacques Rousseau in jail during his life?

Rousseau was not in jail during his life. However, one of the most important moments in his life involved jail. He was visiting Diderot, the famous philosophe who had been imprisoned for impiety,...

Latest answer posted January 27, 2013 8:03 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Explain Rousseau's ideas on education. Do people become who they are because of their innate nature or because of the...

Rousseau believed that contemporary society had a corrupting effect on individuals who were originally born good. In the Social Contract, the French philosopher argues that nature created humans...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2011 5:20 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What are the Rousseau's criticisms of the Enlightenment? 

Although he is often lumped in with the great philosophers of the Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau would have balked at this association. Those who know his work best consider this thinker to...

Latest answer posted January 24, 2020 8:41 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What bad behavior did Rousseau learn from his apprenticeship with M. Ducommun; what is Rousseau arguing here?

Abel Ducommun was an engraver in Geneva to whom Rousseau was apprenticed in 1725. The choice was not a positive one, as the engraver is described as violent and as incapable of developing a...

Latest answer posted February 25, 2011 5:38 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How did Rousseau affect music? How did Jean-Jacques Rosseau impact music?

Being a musician and composer himself and teacher of music in his young adulthood years, though with no formal training in composition, Rousseau left several marks of influence in opera. Some...

Latest answer posted December 15, 2012 3:46 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Explain Jean Jaques-Rousseau's idea of social stratification.

For Rousseau, social stratification is based on a fundamental perception issue. Rousseau believed that individuals possess two types of love of self. One type is called amour de soi and the other...

Latest answer posted May 22, 2011 5:48 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How credible is Rousseau's argument linking science and art to the decline in moral and civic virtue? According to...

Rousseau is a famous Swiss philosopher who lived from 1712 to 1778. One of the key components of his philosophy is that humans are inherently good by nature but are corrupted by society. He claimed...

Latest answer posted April 8, 2020 8:19 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What were some of Jean Jacques Rousseau's major works?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was fairly prolific, and his works rank among the most widely-read and important in the mid-eighteenth century Enlightenment. Rousseau's two most widely-read works were Emile...

Latest answer posted November 22, 2015 2:45 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How do Jean-Jaques Rousseau's philosophy and slavery conflict?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote that there was a fundamental conflict between slavery and the rights of man. In chapter 4 of The Social Contract, he wrote that only voluntary transfers of rights were...

Latest answer posted September 8, 2019 3:26 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Please explain the idea of the social contract.  

Although Rousseau discussed the Social Contract, the two most famous proponents of the theory are Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. Each agrees that the purpose was to create a government, they...

Latest answer posted July 22, 2011 2:19 am UTC

2 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How are we meant to understand Rousseau's turn toward history in his account of human nature?

At a time that stressed human development and improvement, Rousseau saw human history in a quite different way. Some of his earliest works, especially his Discourses on the Origins of Inequality,...

Latest answer posted May 3, 2020 6:28 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How does Rousseau apply the social contract when it comes to property?

For Rousseau, property and the ability to own it fall under the construction of amour de soi. Rousseau sees the development of amour de soi within individuals as a destructive type of self- love....

Latest answer posted October 4, 2012 11:14 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Rousseau's Theories of Government What differences do you see between Montesquie's and Rousseau's theories about the...

Rosseau believed that government should be designed to govern according to what he called the “general will.” [Political] institutions should serve the community of citizens and not the most...

Latest answer posted January 10, 2013 10:19 pm UTC

2 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What is Jean-Jacques Rousseau's view of the social contract?

To Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the social contract did not entail, as Hobbes had theorized, a surrendering of power to a sovereign ruler. Rather the contract was between individuals, who mutually...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2011 6:46 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What are the reasons in which Rousseau believes in a government by the people?

Rousseau believes that a government "by the people" is possible only when some elements fall into place. The first would be that individuals have to fully recognize that social settings do a great...

Latest answer posted October 25, 2011 10:14 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Rousseau describe the human being as a “free agent” on page 140. What does he mean by this, and what are its...

You don't indicate the book you are citing, but we can examine Rousseau's ideas about man being born free and those implications. Of the Enlightenment philosophers, there were three major theories...

Latest answer posted January 5, 2020 3:16 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

In the second discourse, what does Rousseau identify as the cause and origin of the inequality? He identifies the...

The difference between amour de soi and amour-propre—both of which mean, essentially, "self-love—is a significant one. To understand the importance of this distinction made in the Discourses on...

Latest answer posted November 30, 2019 8:21 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What is the social contract for Rousseau?

To Rousseau, the social contract is an agreement between all the people of a society in which they agree to completely submerge their individual wills and obey the collective will of the people....

Latest answer posted October 4, 2012 4:51 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

How does Locke apply the social contract when it comes to property?

Locke's vision of the social contract differs from Rousseau's because both begin with a fundamentally different point of view regarding the basic nature of human beings. Locke operates from an...

Latest answer posted October 4, 2012 11:07 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Rousseau gives a description of the original of “amour-propre,” which can also be translated as vanity. What is the...

Rousseau's concept of amour-propre aligns more with the concept of vanity than with the pure, innocent kind of self-love, because he sees this as a result of one's conscious idea of one's place in...

Latest answer posted December 1, 2019 7:14 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

According to Rousseau, when are citizens obliged to obey the law and when they are not?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an advocate of direct democracy, the only political form he believed could provide clarity to the question of obligation. Rousseau maintained that humans are naturally...

Latest answer posted March 18, 2019 12:44 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What contribution did Jean Jacques Rousseau make to the development of constitutional law?

Rousseau believed in the concept of direct democracy, in which people directly decide on the policies and laws of a government. There is no actual direct democracy in existence by any government,...

Latest answer posted December 9, 2019 12:15 am UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

What are some literary criticisms on Jean-Jacques Rousseau in English?

The two classic texts of literary criticism on Rousseau are The Problem of Rousseau by Ernst Cassirer (1932) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Transparency and Obstruction (1958) by Jean Starobinski. Both...

Latest answer posted December 22, 2011 12:04 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Which were the memories connected to happiness that Rousseau experienced on the fifth walk in Reveries of a Solitary...

In his fifth walk in Reveries of a Solitary Walker, Rousseau has removed himself to the sparsely inhabited island of St. Peter's on Lake Bienne. His neighbors in Môtiers had angrily responded to...

Latest answer posted November 3, 2019 1:56 pm UTC

1 educator answer