Iliad Questions and Answers

Iliad

In book VI of the Iliad, Hector says goodbye to Andromache and his infant son, Astyanax, as he heads off into battle. Andromache is an exemplary woman in her society, being a dutiful and caring...

Latest answer posted June 29, 2017 11:27 am UTC

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Iliad

Agamemnon, probably purely out of a desire not to have to end the war because of the non-participation of Achilles, relents and admits that he was wrong to take Briseis, who was already in...

Latest answer posted June 19, 2009 1:30 pm UTC

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Iliad

Achilles' behavior in the Iliad, at least on first consideration, does not seem to warrant much empathy. Throughout Books 1 through 23, Achilles is, for the most part, a boastful, self-centered,...

Latest answer posted October 20, 2014 11:15 pm UTC

1 educator answer

Iliad

I think that a bit more detail and specificity in the question is needed. In Homer's Iliad, I don't see much in way of positivity about war. Homer goes out of his way to debunk the Classical myth...

Latest answer posted September 4, 2011 1:34 am UTC

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Iliad

According to Homer’s Iliad, the Trojan War resulted from disagreements among the Greek gods. While a number of gods played active roles, the basic controversy was among three goddesses: Hera,...

Latest answer posted June 29, 2020 11:21 pm UTC

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Iliad

In many of the old dramas there is the "femme fatale" a stock character who exerts a life-changing influence upon the men "fatally" attracted to her. The Iliad by Homer has such a woman in Helen of...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2014 7:25 pm UTC

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Iliad

Menelaus, son of Atreus, is the brother of Agamemnon. He is also the husband of Helen and, therefore, when Paris/Alexander abducts her, Menelaus wants to recover his wife, so he enlists the aid of...

Latest answer posted November 26, 2011 8:18 am UTC

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Iliad

The greatest difference between these two characters lies in the respective objects of their devotion. Antigone is devoted to a higher cause: the cause of cosmic justice. She seeks to bury her...

Latest answer posted July 28, 2019 5:00 am UTC

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Iliad

As the Iliad opens, the Greeks have sacked the city of Thebe and taken several women captive as prizes, including the beautiful Chryseis, daughter of Chrysus. Agamemnon claims Chryseis as his own,...

Latest answer posted January 23, 2021 1:00 pm UTC

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Iliad

Homer's Iliad is the story of the final weeks of the Trojan War, when the tide of battle turns decisively against the Trojans after a ten-year stalemate. The catalyst for the events of the poem is...

Latest answer posted June 16, 2018 8:37 am UTC

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Iliad

While I cannot actually draw a mind map, I can give you a chronology of events that led up to the Trojan War. Much of this chronology is based on Greek myth and the ancient Greek belief that gods...

Latest answer posted June 22, 2020 3:36 pm UTC

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Iliad

Achillles was keeping Hector's body and dragging it around the tomb of his friend to show he had avenged his friend in battle. Achilles was in horrible grief over the death of Patroclus. ...but...

Latest answer posted June 12, 2009 1:51 am UTC

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Iliad

Many attempts have been made by historians and classicists to establish the extent to which Homer's Iliad is based in fact. Investigations have generally involved archaeological exploration of the...

Latest answer posted January 22, 2021 1:36 pm UTC

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Iliad

As Priam explains to Achilles, who has finally agreed to give him the corpse of his son Hector, he is very tired. He has not slept for days, because he has been weeping and mourning for his son....

Latest answer posted June 25, 2019 6:19 pm UTC

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Iliad

As there are several hundred characters covered in this question, it is not possible to simultaneously be accurate and cover the topic completely. The one accurate generalization one could make is...

Latest answer posted February 4, 2020 9:52 pm UTC

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Iliad

Agamemnon, commander of the Greeks, obtains the lovely Chryseis as a prize of war in the early books of the Iliad. She is the daughter of Chryses, a priest of Apollo. When the god tries to ransom...

Latest answer posted January 23, 2021 12:11 pm UTC

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Iliad

The word "Iliad" derives from "Ilium," which was one of the Greek names for the city of Troy, and the suffix "-iad," which roughly means "the story of." When you put them together, then, "Iliad"...

Latest answer posted January 23, 2021 11:53 am UTC

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Iliad

Hephaestus shows so much on the shield; the heavens, the earth, the sea, and the pictures of two cities with all the activities of civilization in the Bronze Age: festivals and weddings, legal...

Latest answer posted February 8, 2009 1:22 pm UTC

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Iliad

In Book 22 of the Iliad, Achilles has returned to the battle after the death of Patroclus. He is the greatest warrior of the Greeks and enraged by the death of his lover. He first challenges Aeneas...

Latest answer posted March 11, 2016 4:30 am UTC

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Iliad

There are several ways in which divine elements are used to characterize the portraits of mortals in Iliad by Homer. First, in the Iliad, as in most epic literature, one of the standard elements of...

Latest answer posted October 10, 2015 4:00 am UTC

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Iliad

In the final analysis, Achilles approaches his mother with the underlying assertion that he has opted for greatness in the short term of being. Achilles' approaching his mother in the first book...

Latest answer posted November 11, 2012 1:15 pm UTC

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Iliad

Homer uses epithets to tell us something about his characters, be it personal qualities—such as "fleet-footed Achilles"—or their functions within society—e.g. "Hector, breaker of horses." He also...

Latest answer posted July 17, 2019 11:15 am UTC

2 educator answers

Iliad

The flawed Achilles is most often identified as the hero of the Iliad. He is offered the choice of long life without glory or a short life with glory. He chooses the life of death and glory because...

Latest answer posted July 10, 2018 3:04 pm UTC

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Iliad

I think that his initial decision to flee makes sense with his character because it shows his honor. Hector is fundamentally different from Achilles because he recognizes the horrors of war....

Latest answer posted August 11, 2012 3:07 pm UTC

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Iliad

Homer understands and conveys the central importance of warrior honor to Greek life, but it can be argued that the Iliad does not glorify war. There is little choice for a male in Greek society who...

Latest answer posted January 24, 2021 12:26 pm UTC

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Iliad

Personally, I feel rather sorry for Helen. She is loved by men for her beauty and despised for the same reason. In book three in particular, Hector blames Paris for acting "mad" because of her...

Latest answer posted June 27, 2007 1:25 am UTC

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Iliad

One theme of the Iliad is an exploration of love. For example, Hector shows love for his wife, Andromache, and their very young son, Astyanax, as he (Hector) goes off to fight. Andromache shows her...

Latest answer posted September 25, 2019 3:43 am UTC

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Iliad

Like so much in Homer, there is no easy answer here. The dynamic of fate vs. free will is something that defines consciousness in the Trojan War. Everyone understands its presence, but few, if...

Latest answer posted May 19, 2012 7:07 pm UTC

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Iliad

Achilles and Agamemnon are both prideful and obsessed with their status. Agamemnon takes Briseis from Achilles out of pride, to show his status as a leader of the Greeks, and Achilles resents this...

Latest answer posted September 17, 2018 12:25 am UTC

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Iliad

The gods are portrayed as immortal, but in many ways very human. It is important to remember, of course, that the entire conflict represented in the Iliad began with a contest between Hera,...

Latest answer posted January 28, 2013 7:14 pm UTC

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Iliad

Creating a Venn diagram for the events in the Iliad and Aeneid is not difficult! The purpose of the Venn diagram is to create a visual representation of the relationship between a group of things....

Latest answer posted July 27, 2016 11:47 pm UTC

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Iliad

I'm not sure you can easily state an attitude of war across the board. Each character would be different. There are the gods who take sides and see this more like a game. The war to them is almost...

Latest answer posted September 22, 2008 3:40 pm UTC

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Iliad

Achilles is a larger-than-life character who represents both the virtues and the vices of the tragic hero. He is a courageous fighter, who rallies and inspires the Greek troops with his immense...

Latest answer posted January 22, 2021 1:31 pm UTC

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Iliad

The Iliad is almost always referred to as an "epic," or as epic literature or poetry. The word Epic in literary terms means a long work where the characters and events are larger-than-life, and the...

Latest answer posted February 5, 2013 6:46 pm UTC

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Iliad

Achilles is renowned as the demi-god character who is beautiful and brave. However, in spite of his god-like status, he seems to spend his time acting more as a child than a man. He withdraws from...

Latest answer posted December 7, 2010 7:19 pm UTC

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Iliad

Because an epic poem such as the Iliad was intended to be spoken aloud, many figures of speech are associated with the poem’s oral qualities. Two important functions of the extended similes that...

Latest answer posted July 14, 2020 2:04 am UTC

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Iliad

In book 1 of Homer's Iliad, we receive a lot of impressions about Agamemnon. None of them are too favorable. One of the first impressions we see is that of stubbornness and inflexibility. When the...

Latest answer posted July 8, 2020 1:58 pm UTC

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Iliad

Well, since there are lots of steps, large and small, that led to the Trojan War, this is asking for a judgment call, and I'm going to leave that up to your judgment. If it is hard to track what...

Latest answer posted February 9, 2007 12:34 am UTC

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Iliad

Homer's brilliance in the Iliad is to depict a traditional notion of heroism on the battlefield, only to subvert it as he reveals the true nature of warfighting. This subversion is where heroism is...

Latest answer posted December 9, 2013 12:19 am UTC

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Iliad

Both Homer's Iliad and Christa Wolf's novel Cassandra show that there is a direct relationship between fate and choice. Fate does not act based only on itself; fate is guided by the choices we...

Latest answer posted June 22, 2015 1:23 am UTC

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Iliad

Agamemnon's first, and most profound, problem he creates for himself, and it eventually leads to his death at the hands of his wife, Clytemnestra. When the Greek fleet was anchored at Aulis, his...

Latest answer posted November 12, 2013 3:23 pm UTC

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Iliad

The issue of respect and disrespect is tied to honor. This is a major force for so many of the characters in Homer's work. It is essential to their state of being in the world, and represents a...

Latest answer posted August 16, 2012 12:04 pm UTC

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Iliad

Book 6 of Homer's Iliad contains some of the most tender moments in this epic poem. In the last third of the book, Hector meets with his wife Andromache, who pleads with Hector not to go out into...

Latest answer posted February 5, 2012 4:28 am UTC

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Iliad

In keeping with the Greek mythological tradition, the gods in the Iliad are indifferent at the best of times; at the worst, they are deliberately plotting, manipulative, sadistic, and malevolent....

Latest answer posted March 19, 2019 8:12 pm UTC

3 educator answers

Iliad

While it is often said that Achilles's fatal flaw was his anger, his hubris could also be considered a contributing factor to his eventual downfall. His hubris could have stemmed from the...

Latest answer posted October 8, 2019 2:12 am UTC

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Iliad

The Shield of Achilles is described in Book 18, lines 478–608, of Homer's Iliad. This description is considered an iconic example of ekphrasis. Ekphrasis is a rhetorical device that involves...

Latest answer posted June 18, 2018 7:35 pm UTC

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Iliad

The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer were not considered the equivalent of the Bible by the Greeks. Although they were introduced as inspired by the Muses, that was not plenary verbal inspiration,...

Latest answer posted May 14, 2012 12:44 am UTC

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Iliad

The shield of Achilles, described at length in Book 18, represents the cosmos and more particularly human civilization in the ancient world. The sun, moon and stars all appear on the shield, as...

Latest answer posted November 22, 2013 2:31 pm UTC

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Iliad

According to Greek mythology, the Trojan War was caused by jealousy and competition. The story goes that the Greek goddess Eris was unhappy because she was not invited to a banquet Zeus was...

Latest answer posted June 28, 2020 6:55 pm UTC

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Iliad

Even though Achilles doesn’t spend a whole lot of time fighting in the Iliad, he’s nonetheless the most important character in the play. His implacable wrath at having his sex slave appropriated by...

Latest answer posted July 8, 2020 6:48 am UTC

1 educator answer

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