Iliad Questions and Answers

Iliad

We should define pathos. Broadly speaking, pathos is a quality that evokes pity or sadness. Based on this definition, there are four qualities that Homer uses to provoke sadness. First, as Hector...

Latest answer posted October 8, 2015, 11:40 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

This is a great question. One of the most interesting points about Homer's Iliad is how infrequent Helen is mentioned. In fact, Helen appears only six times in the epic, and four of these times are...

Latest answer posted December 29, 2011, 9:02 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Achilles wasn't scared to die. He even makes the choice to die in war. Achilles' mother tells him that he has a choice: he may not fight in the Trojan war, marry and have children, and be loved by...

Latest answer posted June 2, 2010, 8:54 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

The Iliad reveals much about Greek culture as it existed before the Classical Age. As other contributors have already pointed out, we see within this poem the primacy of warfare in the era....

Latest answer posted October 3, 2019, 12:40 am (UTC)

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Iliad

On the whole, Troy makes a number of changes to the Iliad, mainly as a result of the filmmakers wanting to appeal to a modern audience. Characters are made nobler than they were in the original...

Latest answer posted January 2, 2020, 3:41 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

The various legends concerning Achilles' invulnerability are wildly contradictory. The most famous relates to his mother, Thetis, dipping him into the River Styx but failing to fully submerge the...

Latest answer posted March 9, 2011, 12:16 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Women show the price of a warrior society on individual humans. They can't earn glory fighting, but they can reveal the ill effects of fighting. Chryseis and Briseis, for example, becomes spoils of...

Latest answer posted April 1, 2019, 11:31 am (UTC)

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Iliad

This is a very good question and you would think that the Iliad would address this question at greater length, being that this was the causus belli of the Trojan and Greek conflict. However, if you...

Latest answer posted December 30, 2011, 8:44 am (UTC)

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Iliad

The most important aspect of the heroic code in the Iliad is the attainment of honor. Without honor, one cannot be a hero. Indeed, it is no exaggeration to say that heroes value honor above life...

Latest answer posted April 20, 2018, 8:36 am (UTC)

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Iliad

This depends on what your notion of "civilization" is. If you mean "civilization" as something like "nation" or "nationality," then the poem celebrates the Trojan War and the values that caused it,...

Latest answer posted August 12, 2020, 12:49 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

One of the most poignant aspects of Homer's Iliad is his development of the ancient definition of tragedy. Homer is able to display characters who are poised between equally desirable, but...

Latest answer posted September 25, 2018, 6:22 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

In the movie, Briseis (Achilles's female captive) is related to Hector, which is not part of the epic. Briseis is taken away from Achilles very early on in the epic, but not until relatively later...

Latest answer posted March 9, 2019, 6:02 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

In the seventh book of Homer's Iliad, the Trojan Helenus proposes that Hector fight a single combat with one of the Greeks to determine the outcome of the war. Initially, all of the Greeks are too...

Latest answer posted November 25, 2011, 12:03 am (UTC)

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Iliad

In book 6, Hector is about to leave for battle with the Greeks. He is saying goodbye to his wife and says the following prayer over his infant son, Astyanax: Then he took his darling child, kissed...

Latest answer posted July 2, 2019, 12:57 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Achilles is a fascinating character to explore in depth precisely because he has so many characteristics that point towards differing interpretations of his character. On the one hand, he possesses...

Latest answer posted February 22, 2013, 7:17 am (UTC)

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Iliad

If we examine the Iliad, there are a few key figures. Achilles is the main figure. If we sketch his character, we can say that military prowess, pride, and wrath characterize him. When Agamemnon...

Latest answer posted June 21, 2015, 10:20 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

The Greek's did place a lot of importance on the body after death. This is why Priam begged for Hector's body back. A proper burial was very important to the Greek's. Hector was brave and his...

Latest answer posted January 27, 2013, 5:34 am (UTC)

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Iliad

While Achilles is busy sulking in his tent, his comrades are getting a good, hard thrashing on the field of battle. Without their finest warrior, the Achaeans are in big trouble against the...

Latest answer posted March 12, 2018, 8:16 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Achilles was the most famous and powerful of the warriors named in Homeric tradition. His beauty was compared to that of the Gods, and in his infancy he was dipped into the river Styx and made...

Latest answer posted September 26, 2011, 5:45 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Throughout Homer’s epic, the gods manipulate the humans to influence the war’s outcome. Instances when the gods trick the mortals by assuming disguises or using their divine powers can be found in...

Latest answer posted February 18, 2020, 6:06 am (UTC)

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Iliad

This question is interesting, because it seems to focus alone on the positive achievements of Achilles, which is slightly difficult, as he is a character who throughout this text is associated with...

Latest answer posted March 4, 2013, 6:43 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Chryseis was daughter to Chryses, himself a priest to Apollo. When Iliad opens, Chryses goes before the Greeks, in the interest of ransoming his daughter, who had been taken as a captive by...

Latest answer posted April 26, 2019, 8:41 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Agamemnon, commander of the Greeks, obtains the lovely Chryseis as a prize of war in the early books of the Iliad. She is the daughter of Chryses, a priest of Apollo. When the god tries to ransom...

Latest answer posted January 23, 2021, 12:11 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Apollo's question to Achilles is essentially a taunt designed to remind Achilles that he is not only fighting the Trojans but also the gods, some of whom are supporting the Greeks, and some,...

Latest answer posted September 15, 2015, 2:49 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

The theme of man's mortality is introduced immediately into the poem in its opening lines: Rage--Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus son Achilles, murderous, doomed, that cost the Achaceans'...

Latest answer posted March 28, 2011, 2:48 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

In Book 22 of the Iliad, Achilles has returned to the battle after the death of Patroclus. He is the greatest warrior of the Greeks and enraged by the death of his lover. He first challenges Aeneas...

Latest answer posted March 11, 2016, 4:30 am (UTC)

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Iliad

The Trojan War began after the Trojan Paris abducted a Greek woman, Helen, whose husband was Menelaus. Despite Paris' role in starting the war, he is mentioned comparatively infrequently in Homer's...

Latest answer posted November 27, 2011, 11:16 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Helen of Troy is often portrayed as a wicked woman, an unfaithful wife who runs off with Paris, leaving her husband Menelaus furious and ready for vengeance. This picture is at least partly true,...

Latest answer posted June 27, 2021, 5:26 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

In the final analysis, Achilles approaches his mother with the underlying assertion that he has opted for greatness in the short term of being. Achilles' approaching his mother in the first book...

Latest answer posted November 11, 2012, 1:15 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Achilles is in a state of high dudgeon. He feels that his honor has been impugned by Agamemnon, king of Mycenae. Agamemnon has appropriated Briseis, Achilles's comely concubine, in compensation for...

Latest answer posted November 9, 2017, 10:06 am (UTC)

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Iliad

In the first book of Homer's Iliad, we encounter a dispute over a war prize between Agamemnon and Achilles, culminating in Achilles withdrawing from the fight between the Greeks and Trojans, mainly...

Latest answer posted July 29, 2016, 12:46 am (UTC)

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Iliad

I think that Homer is seeking to bring out how human beings, unlike the Gods, can change in a worthwhile and meaningful manner. Achilles' evolution is a reminder that the horrors of war can be...

Latest answer posted August 11, 2012, 3:44 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Homer's poem The Iliad is consistently described as an epic poem, but does it meet those criteria? An epic is typically a very long narrative piece that follows a single hero or group of heroes,...

Latest answer posted August 17, 2019, 3:01 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

The 2004 film Troy was an adaptation of Homer's Iliad, covering the beginning of the Trojan War, the battles between Greece and Troy, and the internal and external fighting that plagued both...

Latest answer posted January 9, 2012, 11:32 am (UTC)

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Iliad

The Iliad—like its sequel, the Odyssey—is attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer. There is some debate as to who Homer really was, and some scholars think these two works were written by more...

Latest answer posted November 3, 2021, 4:23 am (UTC)

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Iliad

I would make the choice that Hector makes: responsibility to other people. This is one of the many personal qualities that makes Hector such a sympathetic character and which distinguishes him from...

Latest answer posted July 7, 2019, 4:44 am (UTC)

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Iliad

In the Iliad, book 6, lines 11–13 and 16–18, Homer uses the poetic technique of alliteration with a little onomatopoeia. In the beginning of book 6, the gods have left the Greek and Trojan troops...

Latest answer posted September 11, 2020, 3:20 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Agamemnon was forced to return his war prize, Chryseis, to her father because of an oracle delivered through the seer Calchas. This made Agamemnon irate as he felt overpowered, manipulated and...

Latest answer posted October 29, 2009, 4:15 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Zeus is the King of the Gods, and the most powerful god in the Olympian pantheon. He is married to Hera, his sister, and the Queen of the Gods. They both were children of Cronus and Rhea. Zeus was...

Latest answer posted February 13, 2016, 1:29 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Achilles is arguably the hero in The Iliad. To the ancient Greeks, a hero was a human who has been endowed with certain superhuman abilities. They are usually a child of the gods themselves. In The...

Latest answer posted January 6, 2022, 2:10 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Considering how so much of what is known about Achilles is relayed through Homer’s epic poem the Iliad, this poem might be a good ancient source to use in an argument about whether Achilles is good...

Latest answer posted February 10, 2021, 5:52 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

I'm not sure you can easily state an attitude of war across the board. Each character would be different. There are the gods who take sides and see this more like a game. The war to them is almost...

Latest answer posted September 22, 2008, 3:40 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

I think that his initial decision to flee makes sense with his character because it shows his honor. Hector is fundamentally different from Achilles because he recognizes the horrors of war....

Latest answer posted August 11, 2012, 3:07 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

According to Joseph Campbell, myths serve four functions: evoking awe, presenting a mythos, reinforcing a sociological order, and teaching how to find fulfillment and happiness. One can find...

Latest answer posted December 21, 2015, 3:39 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

Agamemnon, probably purely out of a desire not to have to end the war because of the non-participation of Achilles, relents and admits that he was wrong to take Briseis, who was already in...

Latest answer posted June 19, 2009, 1:30 pm (UTC)

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Iliad

In Book VI, Hector rebukes Paris because of his younger brother's selfishness. Hector enters Paris's home, described by the poet Homer as "fine" and "built by the best workmen in the fertile land...

Latest answer posted September 30, 2015, 10:10 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Achilles is a fascinating character to consider by the 21st century standards of what constitutes a hero. He is clearly presented as something of a superhero with amazing strength and as somebody...

Latest answer posted February 22, 2013, 7:08 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Agamemnon has a hot temper and and a prideful streak. His arrogance toward the people around him angered the gods. He also angered them directly by saying things that were disrespectful to the...

Latest answer posted June 25, 2007, 7:54 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Homer's Iliad and Virgil's Aeneid are both epic poems set around the Trojan War. The former recounts battles during a multiyear assault on Troy as strange and often strained bedfellows Achilles and...

Latest answer posted August 24, 2018, 12:38 am (UTC)

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Iliad

Both Achilles and Oedipus are brave leaders who suffer from the tragic flaw of pride. In both cases, this flaw endangers their country. Achilles, a great warrior, gets angry and refuses to fight...

Latest answer posted July 24, 2018, 7:56 pm (UTC)

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