The History of the Middle East

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The History of the Middle East

Abū Bakr, who was to become the first caliph of Islam, was a close friend of the Prophet Muhammad and one of his earliest converts. One proof of the closeness of their friendship was that the...

Latest answer posted July 12, 2015 4:03 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

Umar's greatest achievement was undoubtedly the expansion of the Islamic empire. Under his leadership, Islam spread to new territories in what is now the Middle East, and it's a testament to his...

Latest answer posted June 24, 2019 8:40 am UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The Umayyad Caliphate or Dynasty (661–750 C E) was the first great Islamic empire. Although its leaders were followers of Islam, it was a period marked by religious tolerance, with followers of...

Latest answer posted September 30, 2017 4:40 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

The Umayyad and Abbasid both oppressed the Shia at different points in time. The Umayyad gained power after Ali was unable to take his place as the leader of the believers because of his age. In...

Latest answer posted July 7, 2015 7:59 am UTC

2 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

During the Early Modern period, there were three Muslim empires in the Middle East and South Asia known as the Gunpowder Empires. On the foundations of the Byzantine Empire rose the Ottoman...

Latest answer posted January 29, 2017 3:24 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The most salient feature in the dramatic rise of Islam was the military conquests of Arabian Muslims. Muhammad set the tone by attacking caravans of pagan Arabs, whose rejection of the prophet, and...

Latest answer posted January 7, 2019 6:40 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

The Middle East was the birthplace of civilization in the region that is today called Iraq. For that reason, many contributions such as irrigation, social class, writing, and organized religion...

Latest answer posted February 8, 2016 3:41 pm UTC

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The History of the Middle East

Like most civilizations throughout history, the Islamic way of life spread through military conquest. Due to decisive military strategy, Islamic civilization achieved many military victories both...

Latest answer posted March 26, 2019 6:40 pm UTC

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The History of the Middle East

While the Ottoman and Safavid Empires certainly encouraged their non-Muslim subjects to convert, they still tolerated most of the minority religions in their lands. Jews and Christians were seen as...

Latest answer posted March 28, 2019 4:45 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

The regions of the world where Islam is the main religion, essentially, northern Africa, the Middle East, South and Central Asia, and Southeast Asia -- principally, Indonesia, Thailand, and the...

Latest answer posted November 12, 2013 8:17 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The Ottoman Empire of the Oghuz Turks was founded in 1299 by Osman I, as one of the successor states to the Seljuk Turkish Empire. The Turkic peoples had originated in Central Asia and some groups...

Latest answer posted February 8, 2016 2:59 am UTC

2 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

First of all, we have to recognize the fact that the beliefs and practices of Islam did not create complete unity among Muslims for any significant length of time. We know that, upon the death of...

Latest answer posted September 22, 2014 3:59 am UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

Ethnicity and religion were very much tied together. Muslim was the dominant belief system, but with toleration to both Judaism and Christianity. Orthodox Christians, Armenians (Apostolic,...

Latest answer posted November 22, 2009 8:16 am UTC

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The History of the Middle East

The Islamic States of the early modern period--the Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and Mughal Empires--declined for a few common reasons. Internal rebellions Too much territory European...

Latest answer posted January 19, 2019 8:23 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

The Islamic states that you are referring to here are the Ottoman, the Safavid, and the Mughal empires. All of these empires were in some ways successor states of the Mongol Empire carved out by...

Latest answer posted February 11, 2014 6:08 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The Mandate System emerged after WWI as a way to divide the colonial territories of Germany and Ottoman Turkey after their defeat in the war. The system was created as part of the charter that...

Latest answer posted May 10, 2018 2:58 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The brief answer to this would be that the Safavid Empire was located, more or less, in what is now Iran. The Safavid Dynasty ruled that area for about two centuries. It started around 1500 AD...

Latest answer posted July 19, 2010 10:11 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

Trade and conversion played major factors in the spread of Islam. Islamic traders controlled valuable roads to Asia. Arabic traders spread their influence into North Africa as well. Though the...

Latest answer posted October 30, 2019 9:55 pm UTC

4 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

By far the greatest effect of the Crusades were a series of outright genocides the Crusaders carried out. This was in Europe too, with Crusader genocides against Jews in Germany and Cathars in...

Latest answer posted August 3, 2019 1:11 pm UTC

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The History of the Middle East

At various points throughout its millennium-long history, the Ottoman Empire controlled vast areas of territory. The Ottoman Empire reached its greatest westward extent in the seventeenth century....

Latest answer posted July 21, 2010 2:01 am UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The modern conflict I believe you're referring to essentially began in 1948, when Israel was formed as a nation by the UN and it formally declared independence. It was immediately attacked by five...

Latest answer posted April 21, 2010 2:33 am UTC

2 educator answers

The History of the Middle East

The major implication of the decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire for the modern Middle East was the enormous power vacuum that resulted and was quickly filled by Europe’s other major imperial...

Latest answer posted December 2, 2018 2:20 am UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

The Pyramids at Giza. Not only because of their construction (which still astounds us, as does the construction of Stonehenge) current theories indicate they were also used as observatories as well...

Latest answer posted February 3, 2012 11:50 pm UTC

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The History of the Middle East

I think that one of my most initial reactions or responses to this article is how fluid the current political situation is in Tunisia. With the revolution from the Arab Spring still fresh in...

Latest answer posted April 11, 2012 10:31 am UTC

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The History of the Middle East

Muhammad Ali, also known as Mehmed Ali, was born in 1769 in Kavala, Macedonia—an area that is nowadays part of Greece. He moved to Egypt in 1801, as second in command of an Albanian regiment,...

Latest answer posted December 13, 2019 8:05 am UTC

1 educator answer

The History of the Middle East

I think that the short answer is that Afghanistan has not responded very well over the last decade and a half to the crisis of education in its country. I also think that it is really difficult to...

Latest answer posted March 28, 2012 9:37 pm UTC

1 educator answer