European History Questions and Answers

European History

The Renaissance was the period of time following the Middle Ages where a dramatic cultural shift began in Italy and spread across Europe. "Renaissance" means "rebirth," referring to the newfound...

Latest answer posted September 14, 2016 7:30 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

Some basic principles of the Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution are the belief in reason over superstition. This belief in reason was behind the changes in political theory and ideas of...

Latest answer posted October 2, 2016 12:20 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

On the whole, one would have to say no. That's not to say that the famous rubric was a complete sham. A corrupt, bankrupt system was replaced by one in which there was far greater participation by...

Latest answer posted November 15, 2017 10:44 am UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The Enclosure Acts revolutionized farming practices, making agriculture the servant of the growing towns and cities created by the Industrial Revolution. As more and more rural dwellers were forced...

Latest answer posted September 30, 2019 5:26 am UTC

4 educator answers

European History

This is the second of several documents in the Document-Based Question (DBQ) from the 2006 AP World History exam. Tomas de Mercado was a Spanish scholar writing in 1571, a time when the...

Latest answer posted February 22, 2018 2:34 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The Great Schism, or the schism between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, is a complex issue that started well before the mutual ex-communications in 1054 CE. Before we get...

Latest answer posted November 23, 2019 3:46 am UTC

5 educator answers

European History

Basically, France had been in what amounted to a five-year long financial crisis by 1789, and it faced a serious, multifaceted economic emergency in that year. One major economic problem the French...

Latest answer posted January 26, 2016 7:10 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

The aftermath of World War I caused a plethora of economic and social problems for the defeated countries. The fascists were able to seize power because they claimed they could fix these issues....

Latest answer posted September 20, 2019 9:28 pm UTC

3 educator answers

European History

The pros for the French Revolution include that it put to end to the oppressive monarchal regime that took advantage of the labor of the peasants and did little to ensure their general welfare—or...

Latest answer posted February 7, 2020 3:47 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

As contributors before me have already pointed out, the two key influences to the Renaissance were Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. However, just as a point of clarification, I would argue that the...

Latest answer posted May 9, 2019 5:28 pm UTC

4 educator answers

European History

The above answer downplays the difference between the two eras; perhaps more than is accurate. There were substantial and meaningful differences between the two periods. Learning and education in...

Latest answer posted May 8, 2012 3:09 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The English government in the sixteenth century was what people of the period described as a "mixed" government, with both a monarch and a parliament. The parliament was composed of a House of...

Latest answer posted May 23, 2012 2:02 am UTC

1 educator answer

European History

The Renaissance was a form of rebirth. People were moving out of the dark ages and becoming more aware of things. The focus of the Renaissance was a time of great works of art and literature. With...

Latest answer posted November 7, 2014 11:24 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

Napoleon's rise to power can be explained through his military exploits. Napoleon defeated the Austrian army in a series of battles in Italy, ending in the treaty of Campo Formio and gaining France...

Latest answer posted August 7, 2017 2:54 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Christopher Columbus’ voyages had many effects on Europe. These ranged from relatively mundane things like impacts on European cuisine to more “big picture” effects like an increase in Spanish...

Latest answer posted September 19, 2015 10:52 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

Napoleon has affected today’s society in several ways. Napoleon developed something called the Napoleonic Code. This was a series of laws that brought a sense of order and fairness to France....

Latest answer posted January 21, 2016 6:45 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

Hitler was able to conquer so much of Europe in a short period of time because the rest of Europe was unprepared. The rest of Europe spent a smaller percentage of their money on the military...

Latest answer posted April 1, 2018 11:11 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

One thing that all of these men have in common is that their ideas were very different than the status quo. They challenged conventional wisdom, and stood up for their beliefs. That is always...

Latest answer posted August 23, 2011 1:26 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

There are at least three reasons why Italy was so important to the Renaissance. These are reasons that made Italy the birthplace of the Renaissance. Two of these factors have to do with Italy’s...

Latest answer posted September 17, 2015 8:57 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

Both the Spanish and the French explored and settled the New World in search of new commodities and minerals to exploit in order to gain wealth for their home economies and to expand their...

Latest answer posted October 31, 2020 12:45 pm UTC

4 educator answers

European History

I assume that you are asking about the Berlin Conference of 1884 and 1885. This is the conference that was called by the major European powers to try to organize their “Scramble for Africa.” The...

Latest answer posted August 24, 2015 6:45 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

The reasons for European annexation of Cameroon were generally the same as the reasons for the Scramble for Africa in general. Some major reasons: 1. Resources. The African continent had many...

Latest answer posted October 7, 2009 10:32 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) overturned the long-established Ptolemaic system. Ptolemy, an ancient Greco-Egyptian astrologer, put the earth at the center of the universe. The Copernican system...

Latest answer posted September 23, 2019 12:05 pm UTC

4 educator answers

European History

The main motivator for Christopher Columbus was to find a cheap route to the source of spices. Spices were a lucrative trade during Columbus' day. Before the days of refrigeration, food spoiled...

Latest answer posted September 8, 2019 3:39 pm UTC

3 educator answers

European History

During World War I, Germany was led by a King. His name was Kaiser Wilhelm II. He became King after his father, Kaiser Wilhelm I, had died. During his rule, Germany did have an elected Parliament...

Latest answer posted February 9, 2016 4:06 am UTC

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European History

Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution allowed the President of Germany to claim emergency powers without the agreement of the Reichstag (the legislative branch of the government). After Hitler was...

Latest answer posted March 10, 2017 2:16 am UTC

2 educator answers

European History

During the Chanak Crisis, also called the Chanak Incident, Turkish forces threatened British rule at Chanak, a seaport on the Dardanelles Strait in 1922. Britain, France, and Greece had occupied...

Latest answer posted March 28, 2016 1:59 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Great Britain was torn between taking action (or in this case inaction) in the war so that slavery would end, or so at least they wouldn't appear to be supporting it, and openly supporting the...

Latest answer posted June 22, 2010 3:16 am UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Although it is not accurate to suggest that the Reformation led directly to the Enlightenment, we can nonetheless speak of it as being highly influential. For one thing, both movements displayed a...

Latest answer posted October 8, 2017 10:49 am UTC

2 educator answers

European History

After Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized control of the Russian government in late 1917, they maintained power in a number of ways. Their tight organization with Lenin as president was a key...

Latest answer posted April 17, 2019 4:04 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg helped bring about the period of mass communication. Revolutionary ideas were spread much faster, and people were getting more enlightened,...

Latest answer posted September 7, 2017 8:30 am UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The modern age burst into full flower during the late 17th and 18th century period known as the Enlightenment, but the seeds were planted during the Renaissance. The term Renaissance or rebirth...

Latest answer posted August 16, 2017 2:56 am UTC

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European History

The Roman Empire lasted for some five hundred years—or one thousand if one includes the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. This means that it changed radically over the period during which it...

Latest answer posted December 7, 2019 10:35 pm UTC

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European History

It could be said that the Crusades indirectly led to the European "discovery" of America in three ways. First, the Crusades led to the revival of trade for luxury goods from the East. Although the...

Latest answer posted March 4, 2020 3:43 pm UTC

5 educator answers

European History

Germany was blamed for starting World War I, and this guilt was stated in Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles that ended the war. This clause has been called the "War Guilt Clause." Part of the...

Latest answer posted February 18, 2016 1:36 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

The Medici became wealthy merchants at a time when trade was expanding rapidly across Europe and the wider world. This was an age of exploration, and as more of the world became known,...

Latest answer posted September 3, 2018 7:13 am UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Joan of Arc was a heroic woman filled with faith and conviction that compelled her to take critical action during The Hundred Years' War. She was born in 1412, and in 1425, during her early...

Latest answer posted October 23, 2017 12:20 am UTC

1 educator answer

European History

First, it should be noted that Early Modern France did not practice a class system as we understand it today. The modern class system is based in income. The estates were much more heterogeneous....

Latest answer posted July 14, 2019 8:49 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The Spanish Civil War began after the fall of the Spanish monarchy, replaced with the Second Republic in 1931. While tensions and social turmoil already ran rampant within the new republic, the...

Latest answer posted March 27, 2019 7:21 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was important because it led to the creation of the second independent nation in the Americas—after the United States. Saint-Domingue (Haiti) had been a valuable...

Latest answer posted November 17, 2019 10:31 pm UTC

4 educator answers

European History

The Enlightenment was a heavily influential time period, but it should be noted that the Enlightenment is a big topic and is made up of many thinkers of profound historical significance, each of...

Latest answer posted August 25, 2018 7:10 pm UTC

1 educator answer

European History

Louis XIV famously proclaimed, "I am the state." He became king of France in the mid-1600s, the heyday of the doctrine of the "divine right of kings," also known as monarchial absolutism. This...

Latest answer posted October 31, 2017 10:31 pm UTC

5 educator answers

European History

Throughout the early Middle Ages, Europe was an incredibly insular society. There had been limited local trade since the fall of the Roman Empire, but very little that went far beyond neighboring...

Latest answer posted August 21, 2018 4:00 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Before the discovery of micro-organisms, people came up with many theories as to what caused diseases. The Great Plague of London of 1665 is no different. Periodic plague outbreaks had been...

Latest answer posted May 11, 2019 8:01 pm UTC

2 educator answers

European History

Hitler was not chancellor during the Russian Revolution. Germany was just a nosy neighbor, trying to profit both before and after the revolution. Hitler hated the Russians and attacked them,...

Latest answer posted August 10, 2011 5:26 am UTC

3 educator answers

European History

There were several reasons for the decline in the population of Europe in the fourteenth century. One factor was the climate. There was a drop in temperature that is referred to as the Little Ice...

Latest answer posted December 29, 2017 3:40 pm UTC

4 educator answers

European History

Throughout his reign, King Louis XIV sought to strengthen the power of the French monarchy. He was an ardent proponent of the divine right of kings. This was the idea that monarchs received their...

Latest answer posted September 5, 2018 7:28 pm UTC

6 educator answers

European History

Unlike other Spanish explorers and conquistadors, Vasco Nunez de Balboa was not the leader of an expedition and was not financed by royalty when he first went to the New World. Instead, he joined...

Latest answer posted October 15, 2019 2:59 pm UTC

3 educator answers

European History

Otto von Bismarck was a Prince, ambassador, and eventually Chancellor of the newly unified German Empire in the late 1800s. He led a long political career and is noted for his skill with political...

Latest answer posted May 24, 2019 5:09 pm UTC

3 educator answers

European History

One of the important characteristics of the Italian Renaissance was the emergence of humanism. Humanism, broadly defined, was a rediscovery of the study of classical authors, with a focus on the...

Latest answer posted September 9, 2012 1:57 pm UTC

1 educator answer

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