Questions and Answers for The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment

What were the pros and cons of the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment was based in an appeal to reason, with Enlightenment era thinkers believing it could be used to advance real social and political progress. Their ideas were critical in shaping...

Latest answer posted December 13, 2019 5:27 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

What were Locke and Montesquieu's views on government?

Locke and Montesquieu were both Enlightenment thinkers who questioned government and its role in society. Both Locke and Montesquieu held views that differed from traditional views regarding the...

Latest answer posted September 20, 2018 12:53 pm UTC

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The Enlightenment

What institutions did Enlightenment thinkers criticize, and what was the nature of that criticism?

Enlightenment thinkers, who believed that reason would lead to universal and objective truths, criticized the institutions of absolute monarchy and the established church [the Catholic Church],...

Latest answer posted February 9, 2015 3:03 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

How did the Enlightenment lead to a more secular outlook in society?

The Enlightenment (1685–1815) led to a more secular society for several reasons. The Enlightenment is also known as the Age of Reason; reason replaced faith for many people during this period....

Latest answer posted October 24, 2019 1:13 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

What are the basic principles of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment?

The Scientific Revolution began around the end of the Renaissance (17th century) and continued to the late 18th century. The Enlightenment (Age of Reason) is generally considered to have spanned...

Latest answer posted September 21, 2012 6:58 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

Hobbes, Locke, and the Social Contract: Explain what Hobbes and Locke meant by a social contract. Why did Hobbes...

The theory of the social contract was disputed a lot during the Age of Enlightenment. The more prominent European philosophers—for example, Hobbes and Locke—credited the contract to a variety of...

Latest answer posted October 6, 2018 6:03 pm UTC

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The Enlightenment

What is an important similarity between the way scientists were thinking during the Scientific Revolution and the way...

The Scientific Revolution paved the way for the Enlightenment. The Scientific Revolution began between the mid-sixteenth to mid-seventeenth century. Some historians use Nicolas Copernicus's...

Latest answer posted September 1, 2018 6:26 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

How did the Scientific Revolution affect the Enlightenment?

I think that the Scientific Revolution impacted the Enlightenment because it embodied so much of what was believed. The emphasis on scientific modes of inquiry, human deduction and reason, as well...

Latest answer posted January 3, 2012 5:39 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

What forces did the Enlightenment release that brought about major changes in the Europe and the English colonies of...

The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement of the 18th century that had profound consequences for both Europe and America. It emphasized science over superstition and religion. It ushered in...

Latest answer posted July 18, 2019 11:02 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

What are some major important aspects of the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment was a major international 18th century movement in culture, philosophy, and social and political thought. Although many countries participated in it, the key figures of the...

Latest answer posted January 9, 2012 11:49 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

What was the goal of Enlightenment writers such as Hobbes and Locke?   Ex. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Although Hobbes and Locke were arguing for very different ideas, they had a major thing in common -- both were using the idea of rationality and experience as opposed to arguing from authority....

Latest answer posted November 6, 2010 11:34 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Enlightenment

What was the Enlightenment according to Dorinda Outram in her book The Enlightenment? 

Historically, the Enlightenment or the Age of Reason is not confined to a specific period of time. Arguably, the era extends from the late seventeenth century to the early nineteenth century....

Latest answer posted March 23, 2020 4:13 pm UTC

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The Enlightenment

What are some major important aspects of the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment is a term used to describe a philosophical and cultural movement of the 18th century that emphasized the use of reason to solve social, political, and intellectual problems.One...

Latest answer posted February 19, 2012 8:16 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

How would the thinkers of the Enlightenment regard the ideologies of socialism,communism, and liberalism?

First, there was a great deal of diversity in Enlightenment thought, especially between France and England. Generally, though, the Enlightenment is seen as the birthplace of what is sometimes...

Latest answer posted December 15, 2017 9:05 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Enlightenment

When did the Enlightenment start?

The Enlightenment period, or the Age of Reason, was primarily an eighteenth-century movement in which philosophical thinkers attempted to take Europeans out of the Dark Ages. Prior to the movement,...

Latest answer posted July 2, 2020 1:04 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

Analyze the ways in which the ideas of seventeenth-century thinkers like John Locke contributed to the ideas of...

Locke is a prototype of the Enlightenment thinker. His entire premise is an Enlightenment one as he viewed the concept of government as an experiment where results could be properly predicted and...

Latest answer posted November 8, 2011 7:48 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

How did secularism impact society?

Secularism had a major impact on society during the Enlightenment. Whereas Europeans unified behind their faiths before, secularism led to the rise of the state and nationalism. People began to...

Latest answer posted October 24, 2019 12:05 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

With respect to modern times, what did the Enlightenment change the most: government, science, human rights, or...

While humanity made massive gains in all of these categories, in my opinion the Enlightenment benefited science most. The Enlightenment was a period in history where people looked to reason to...

Latest answer posted April 21, 2017 4:59 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

How would the thinkers of the Enlightenment regard the  ideology of Conservatism?

This depends on the context since the meaning of conservatism varies with the context as well. For example, Enlightenment thinkers would not have thought well of a conservative like Edmund Burke....

Latest answer posted April 2, 2012 10:07 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

How were Enlightenment ideals reflected in the French Revolution?

The French Revolution was a very complex event that covered a large span of time and included a number of different ideological variants. The Enlightenment was also very complex and multifaceted....

Latest answer posted October 22, 2012 2:02 am UTC

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The Enlightenment

How might the rise of religious-based independence movements challenge Enlightenment ideals?

One of the major ideals of the Enlightenment was reliance on reason rather than on things like religion. Enlightenment thinkers did not believe that people should believe in things for which there...

Latest answer posted October 28, 2012 10:47 pm UTC

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The Enlightenment

How did Enlightenment thought become so influential?

There can be many approaches in answering this question. I would say that one of the reasons that the Enlightenment was so important was because that it was so rooted in science and scientific...

Latest answer posted January 11, 2011 8:11 pm UTC

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The Enlightenment

Where in contemporary society can the legacy of the Age of Reason or the Enlightment be detected?

Contemporary Western political thought owes a great deal to the Age of Reason, also known as the Enlightenment, which is considered to have begun in the late 17th Century and continued on into the...

Latest answer posted September 16, 2013 4:00 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

What was the role of the reason in the age of Enlightenment?

Enlightenment followed the Renaissance period and preceded the Romantic period. This period is also referred to as The Age of Reason. Writers of this period questioned authority and believed in...

Latest answer posted August 5, 2013 11:00 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

Explain why the Enlightenment represents a fundamental shift in Western thought.

Historian Peter Gay once wrote that the Enlightenment represented a "recovery of nerve," a period in which people for the first time in centuries embraced real, actual change: Fear of change, up...

Latest answer posted November 19, 2012 2:32 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

What was the culture of the Enlightenment ?

The Enlightenment was an international and interdisciplinary movement in the eighteenth century that spanned most of Europe, Britain, and North America, and affected such diverse areas of thought...

Latest answer posted February 17, 2012 11:14 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

What was the Age of Enlightenment, and how might its concepts have influenced American literature?

One key way in which the Enlightenment, and the scientific revolution which predated it, influenced early American literature was in its willingness to question religion, particularly Puritan...

Latest answer posted February 3, 2018 5:35 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

How did the enlightenment affect the ways that faith and doubt were portrayed in literary works? Contrast the works...

The Enlightenment ushered in a rational approach to religion, that was reflected in the literary works of the Augustan poets. Dryden and Pope, for example, in their ethical and religious verse,...

Latest answer posted September 18, 2011 2:10 pm UTC

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The Enlightenment

Why would Isaac Newton (as an enlightenment thinker) be considered significant in the history of Western civilization?

Isaac Newton's theories fundamentally changed how man views (or may view) the world. No longer was mysticism or faith an acceptable way of dealing with questions that seemed beyond man's reach:...

Latest answer posted April 26, 2007 9:50 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

In what ways did the Enlightenment have an integral part in the ideologies of Romanticism? Do any of them...

The ideologies of Romanticism and the ideologies of the Enlightenment are basically one of the most important ideologies in history, literature, art, science, and pretty much all of the other...

Latest answer posted May 26, 2019 4:56 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Enlightenment

Write a note on the gradual change from Puritan ethics to Enlightenment ethos as seen in the works of the writers of...

I think that one of the strongest elements in this change is the different perception of God. The power of the divine that was essential to Puritan Literature. The depiction of God and how the...

Latest answer posted August 31, 2010 8:03 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Enlightenment

What was the Enlightenment? Hi!!!!! I'm in a Philosophy class and we have to define what the enlightenment was. I'm...

http://www.enotes.com/history/q-and-a/what-was-enlightenment-287384

Latest answer posted February 20, 2012 8:01 am UTC

1 educator answer