Questions and Answers for The Ancient World

The Ancient World

What were some of the strengths and weaknesses of Athenian Democracy?

Strengths of Athenian democracy include: The public exercised direct democracy, which extended an opportunity for citizens to deliberate on a myriad of government policies before expressing their...

Latest answer posted August 29, 2017 10:30 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

How did Greece's geography impact social, political, and economic patterns?

The country now called Greece consists of an arid, mountainous section of the mainland of South-Eastern Europe, surrounded by a great many islands. Most of them are small, but one in particular,...

Latest answer posted November 9, 2019 5:09 am UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

What is the significance of Justinian's Code?

Justinian I, the Byzantine emperor from 527 to 565, sponsored committees of jurists who reviewed existing laws and, after eliminating outdated or contradictory laws, placed the laws and legal...

Latest answer posted June 17, 2017 12:50 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What similarities exist between the ancient civilizations of Harappa and Mesopotamia?  

There are indeed a number of similarities between the ancient Mesopotamian and Harappan civilizations. Much more is known about the Mesopotamian civilizations than Harappa as the former left...

Latest answer posted September 8, 2019 2:50 pm UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

How did ancient Rome contribute to democracy?

Rome contributed to democracy by creating a government where the people ruled. While Rome was a republic and not a democracy, the Romans established the framework for future democratic governments....

Latest answer posted August 19, 2018 4:20 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

Compare and contrast the Nile River, the Indus River, and the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

The first great civilizations all developed in river valleys, as the rivers provided a source of water and irrigation for crops. Over time, these civilizations developed a surplus of food that...

Latest answer posted October 22, 2016 11:40 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the main features of the Roman Empire?

There are a number of factors that make the Empire significant. First of all, the Romans were remarkably tolerant of cultural and religious differences, and did not force conquered people to adopt...

Latest answer posted September 18, 2011 11:17 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

What were some weaknesses and strengths of the Roman Empire?

This question likely refers to the whole history of Rome from 8th B.C.E to the 5th century C.E. despite the reference to the Empire that existed from the time of Augustus to the Barbarian invasions...

Latest answer posted November 10, 2015 1:31 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

What are the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire?

As a republic, Rome was ruled by a Senate and various executives. It was governed by two consuls and, later in the life of the republic, one praetor and then later still two. The Senate was known...

Latest answer posted July 25, 2019 8:54 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the problems and challenges people faced in ancient Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley that led to the...

The first major issue people faced in these areas was the problem of how to sustain a food supply. The neolithic transition, in which people settled down in one area to farm rather than moving as...

Latest answer posted October 14, 2016 11:54 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

Compare and contrast Athenian democracy and modern democracy.  

This is a complex question, but we'll take it step by step. First let's look at a definition of democracy. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, democracy is: government by the people,...

Latest answer posted November 8, 2019 1:14 am UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

What similarities do the Persian empire and Roman empire have? Example: religion, governing systems, or architecture.

The Persian and Roman empires shared many similarities in religion, governments and architecture. The people of the Persian empire initially believed in more than one god. However, in the sixth...

Latest answer posted September 22, 2018 1:35 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

Compare and contrast the importance of the Nile River to Egypt with the importance of the Euphrates and Tigris...

Both civilizations were river civilizations dependent on the rivers for their sustenance; however the Nile was far more important to Egypt than were the Tigris and Euphrates to Mesopotamia. The...

Latest answer posted November 20, 2011 9:26 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

According to Polybius, what are the three elements of the Roman constitution? What are some the powers of each element?

The Romans, according to the Histories of Polybius, had three forms of government, though the Roman constitution was never codified as a written document. All the functions were distributed among...

Latest answer posted November 11, 2019 8:14 pm UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Roman Republic's political structure?

The greatest strength of the Roman system of government was also its greatest weakness: the reliance on precedent. The way the government was formally constituted was not the way it operated in...

Latest answer posted June 6, 2020 8:07 pm UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the distinctive characteristics of Roman culture?

Roman culture borrowed and improved on Greek culture and other foreign cultures, making it difficult to adequately point out its distinct features. It should be noted that sections of the Roman...

Latest answer posted June 19, 2017 2:39 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were Sparta's cultural achievements and legacy?  

The cultural achievements of Sparta include a well-organized society, gender empowerment, and military prowess. Sparta was made up of three main communities: Spartans, Perioeci, and Helots. The...

Latest answer posted October 11, 2018 9:50 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the major themes and concerns of ancient Greek drama? This is for a history assignment. In the syllabus it...

If you want to know where you can go to read about the themes you mention, there are two places you can go. First, there are the primary sources - the plays themselves. We have three main tragic...

Latest answer posted April 20, 2015 3:42 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What are the similarities and differences between the Roman republican state and the Athenian polis?

I would argue that the biggest similarity between the Roman and Athenian political systems lies in the historical context which underlines the evolution of Athenian democracy and the Roman...

Latest answer posted September 27, 2018 1:34 am UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

What are the similarities and differences of the Hellenic and Hellenistic periods of Greek history?

The Hellenic world describes the Greek-speaking world from the sixth century BCE to the exploits of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE. This is the period usually imagined as "classical"...

Latest answer posted January 20, 2020 6:42 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

In the ancient world, what were the advantages and disadvantages of living in a unified country under a single...

To answer your question, we will compare two civilizations in the ancient world: Mesopotamia and Egypt. By 4000–3000 B.C., Mesopotamia consisted of independent city-states (each with its own...

Latest answer posted September 27, 2017 4:14 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What are the differences between Harappa and Mohenjodaro?

Harappa shares its name with the civilization it was part of. Both cities were part of the Harappan civilization. Harappa was around much earlier and much longer. Evidence points to it being...

Latest answer posted June 16, 2019 7:08 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What purpose did Chichen Itza serve?   Thank you so much for your help

Chichen Itza was a large Mayan city established in the fifth century BC in the central Yucatan. From its very beginning, Chichen Itza was a very important religious center. This is evidenced by the...

Latest answer posted July 11, 2018 11:48 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

How did the river valley civilizations influence the rise of classical empires?

On the most basic level, the ancient river valley civilizations influenced classical empires because they influenced civilization, period. The river valley civilizations are the most lasting and...

Latest answer posted October 4, 2017 7:58 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

How was Chanakya insulted by Dhana Nanda?

Hello! Chanakya was the prime minister of Emperor Chandragupta, the first ruler of the Mauryan Empire. As a Brahmin statesman, he was well known for his role in Chandragupta's defeat of the Nanda...

Latest answer posted July 8, 2015 9:19 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

What is the history of physical education in ancient Rome?

Like many elements of ancient Roman society and culture, physical education was heavily influenced by the Greeks. Romans eagerly adopted the Greek notion that mental health is closely tied to...

Latest answer posted July 30, 2020 5:15 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

Assyrian Achievements

The Assyrians had many achievements. One of them was that their empire rose a couple of times after being defeated. Their empire covered a good deal of land, especially in the Middle East. They...

Latest answer posted September 21, 2016 3:08 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

Suggest why Mesopotamia was invaded by so many different groups throughout its history.

Here are four reasons why Mesopotamia was susceptible to invasions (Hurrians, Medians, Hittites, Elamites, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Parthians). First, there were many nomadic tribes, which...

Latest answer posted September 3, 2018 12:51 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

Why were the Assyrians so strong?

There were a number of factors that allowed the Assyrians to become the most feared fighting unit in the world. Geography, especially the lack of natural protection from attack played an important...

Latest answer posted October 3, 2016 12:21 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What are the differences between the Indus, Mesopotamian, and Egyptian civilizations?

The differences between these three civilizations is more striking than their similarities. All three were river civilizations, that is dependent on particular rivers for their survival; all three...

Latest answer posted September 28, 2011 11:24 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

What were the disadvantages of studying in Gurukula in the Vedic period?

Whether you consider the nature of gurukula or schools run as communities headed by gurus (also known as ashrams) as advantages or disadvantages for the pupils really depends on your point of view....

Latest answer posted July 6, 2015 5:47 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

What personal qualities did Alexander the Great have?

There was something truly god-like about Alexander in both his personality and his achievements, a status that has awed and inspired successive generations ever since. He was a deeply ambitious...

Latest answer posted February 20, 2018 10:09 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What are the disadvantages of the Fertile Crescent?

Since the world's earliest civilizations developed in the Fertile Crescent, it is not hard to imagine that there are many geographical advantages. The presence of two rivers and the sediment they...

Latest answer posted January 29, 2016 3:56 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

How much area did Alexander the Great conquer?

Alexander the Great conquered a vast amount of territory. By the time he died, his kingdom stretched from Macedonia and Egypt in the west all the way to India and Afghanistan in the east. This...

Latest answer posted April 10, 2016 5:13 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

How did the Byzantine Empire survive for nearly 1,000 years, despite the outside threats?

The Byzantine Empire survived for many reasons. First, it had ample agricultural supplies, and it had a good infrastructure system that funneled these supplies back to Constantinople. It was...

Latest answer posted December 26, 2018 3:25 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What was the Babylonian economy based on?

The Babylonian economy was rooted in its agricultural production and extensive networks of trade. The Babylonian empire was situated in the Fertile Crescent, and as such, farmers were able to...

Latest answer posted January 26, 2020 7:40 pm UTC

4 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were Sparta's achievements?

The image of Sparta as a brutal, illiterate, unenlightened civilization is rooted more in Athenian propaganda then in truth. While the Spartans are mostly remembered for their heroism on the field...

Latest answer posted November 10, 2015 3:44 pm UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

Was Julius Caesar liked by the people? 

We know that Julius Caesar was liked by the people early in the play when Flavius and Marullus chastise the common people for celebrating and for putting decorations on Caesar's statue. They ask,...

Latest answer posted April 7, 2014 12:58 am UTC

1 educator answer

The Ancient World

How were Akkad and Babylon alike and different?

Both Akkad and Babylon were part of the ancient Akkadian empire, which lasted about 180 years in the historical region of Mesopotamia. Babylon was built on the Euphrates River whereas recent...

Latest answer posted September 27, 2017 3:33 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the major similarities between the Persian and Roman empires?

At their fullest extent, the Persian Achaemenid Empire (500 B.C.) and the Roman Empire (117 A.D.) each covered approximately two million square miles. Both empires are known for their developed...

Latest answer posted September 26, 2018 2:01 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

Which Ancient Principles Can Be Found In American Government Today?

Since the first 2 posters covered political ties and architecture, I'll focus on art & philosophy. In addition to finding the fundamental basis of our republic, the seeds of our ethical codes...

Latest answer posted June 15, 2009 1:36 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

What is the historical significance of the Assyrian Empire?

The Assyrian Empire, which existed in the Near East from approximately the 25th century BCE to its collapse around 600 BCE, was historically significant in part because it conquered Mesopotamia and...

Latest answer posted September 27, 2016 12:02 am UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

What were the three religious practices one could find in Mecca before Muhammad's revelations?

There were several religious practices in Mecca before Muhammed and the start of Islam. For example, some people followed a polytheistic religion. Arab polytheism involved worshipping deities such...

Latest answer posted October 19, 2016 3:31 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

Who were the Athenians?

Athenians lived in Athens, Greece, in the 5th century BCE under the rule of Pericles. Athens's population was relatively small compared to other Greek cities of that time, but the creative...

Latest answer posted September 17, 2018 2:05 am UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

Compare life before farming and after farming.

When people began farming, they began to take an active role in adjusting the landscape and environment to suit their needs. Before agriculture, people hunted wild animals and gathered wild plants...

Latest answer posted September 8, 2019 11:40 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

How did Greek geography help Greece in the Persian wars?

As the fifth century B.C. opened, the Persian Empire was moving westward in a quest to consolidate control over the whole of the Near East. Then, in 499 B.C., reacting against the demand for taxes...

Latest answer posted September 23, 2018 9:14 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

Draw a comparison between Harappan society and the society of the present day.

Having existed between three and five thousand years ago, there are many differences between Harappan society and today's. However, there are also a number of striking similarities. Leaving aside...

Latest answer posted June 17, 2018 4:57 pm UTC

2 educator answers

The Ancient World

As it applies to ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, how did the geography and environment in both locations affect the...

Mesopotamia and Egypt are River Valley Civilizations—some of our earliest agricultural civilizations that centered around rivers. Mesopotamia, which means "between two rivers," was centered over...

Latest answer posted December 14, 2019 2:15 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

What caused the major difficulties in uniting ancient Greeks under a single government?

This is an interesting question, but in asking it, you would need to answer a second question: when you speak of Greece, do you mean the Greek-speaking world, or do you mean the modern-day country...

Latest answer posted December 12, 2018 3:53 pm UTC

3 educator answers

The Ancient World

Why was Justinian’s code significant?

One aspect of Justinian’s Code, which is often forgotten, is that it was significant for women in the Byzantine Empire. Remember that the societies of the ancient world were largely patriarchal...

Latest answer posted September 3, 2019 10:56 am UTC

3 educator answers

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