What tools and technologies are used by Chemists?
Chemists use many different tools and technologies to perform their work. The study of chemicals requires very accurate equipment that can measure precise weights, analyze reactions and color changes (which can indicate chemical transformation), and protect users from dangerous fumes or reactions. Today, computer-aided equipment has replaced many older machines, and as a result the field is much more accurate.
Standard tools include scales to measure weights; beakers to hold and transfer samples; gloves, face masks, and glasses to protect the user; Bunsen burners to activate chemicals using heat; freezers to stabilize or store samples; high-power ventilation for air safety; and centrifuges to quickly separate chemicals.
Higher technologies include spectrometers to measure color changes; computer simulation programs to avoid dangerous reactions; microscopes to see small samples and subtle reactions; lasers for more precise reactions than Bunsen burners; and microfluidic chips which can perform several functions on extremely tiny amounts of chemical.
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