To what extent was the progressive movement of 1900–1920 an extension of the reformers' ideas and programs of the late nineteenth century?

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Many of the ideas of the Progressive Era of the twentieth century started during the latter part of the nineteenth. Many localities had already endorsed temperance movements, becoming dry well before the Volstead Act in 1919. Many Western states already allowed women to vote, in order to draw more families to the area. This would eventually lead to the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, which gave women the right to vote in all elections.

The Populist movement started many of the ideas that were later picked up by Progressives. The notion of a progressive income tax started with the Omaha Platform of 1892. The direct election of senators also came from this convention. Populists also called for an end to bank privatization; while this idea was not picked up successfully by Progressives, Progressive presidents did advocate for more regulation of businesses and the stock market. Roosevelt pushed through legislation regulating food, medicine, and railroads; one of the arguments made by the...

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