To what extent was the Paris Commune a product of class conflict?

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Class conflict was certainly a driving force of the creation of the Paris Commune. Consider how workers took over factories that were abandoned by the former owner(s) during the conflict. Workers seizing the means of production in order to end exploitation by bosses/owners is fundamentally a tactic rooted in class...

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Class conflict was certainly a driving force of the creation of the Paris Commune. Consider how workers took over factories that were abandoned by the former owner(s) during the conflict. Workers seizing the means of production in order to end exploitation by bosses/owners is fundamentally a tactic rooted in class conflict. Reading Marx's analyses of the Commune (of one his letters is linked) may be helpful in gathering further context for answering this question.

The war between France and Prussia was of course a huge factor in the Parisian uprising, but it cannot be separated from the class struggle of the time. Instead, the war was a compounding factor, as it was the working class who were dying as soldiers in the war between empires. It was the poor who suffered the most from food shortages while Paris was under siege and who bore the heaviest burden of grief from loss of life and loss of income.

When there was a chance for radical leftists to control Paris following the peace accord between France and Prussia in 1871, they had the tactical advantage of having a notably high working-class leftism among the national guard in Paris. Consider that since the French Revolution of 1789, far-left movements had been growing and shaping working-class ideologies in Paris (alongside a growing bourgeois class and resulting in growing class tensions).

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