To a considerable extent, the protagonist of Ayi Kwei Armah's novel, The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born, is vulnerable to the negative influence of post-colonial African leadership—and yet, at the same time, "the man" (as he is called) offers resistance. For example, in one scene, the man discusses the Ghanian lottery with another man who has won 100 cedis in the lottery but who believes he will never get paid. The man naively suggests to the messenger that he should go to the police to insist upon being paid and the messenger bitterly replies, "You're joking." Corruption is taken for granted; the messenger suggests that going to the police will only make things worse. The man warns against corrupting a public officer, suggesting that he still wants to believe that resistance against corruption is possible. But the overwhelming state of affairs suggests a surrender to things as they are, massive corruption and all. What the post-colonial leadership has done is to induce cynicism because of their violation of laws and ethical standards.