Throughout the text we see instances of solitude and there is much discussion about the need for companionship. What is the function of solitude in the text?
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein contains numerous instances of solitude, especially when describing the lives of Victor Frankenstein and the Monster. Victor, though a brilliant scientist, is not much adept at social interactions. An example is his lack of correspondence with his family and Elizabeth during his college years at the University of Ingolstadt. Similar is his solitary search for the Monster who destroyed his world. The Monster, on the other hand, has no one to be with and sees the world that despises him and believes that a companion will be the best solution. His solitude drives him to murder.
The solitude of the two main protagonists, Victor and the Monster, serves as the driving force for the story. Victor succeeded in creating the monster during his solitary lab experimentation at the cost of his family. The monster blames his solitude on his appearance and requests a companion from Victor. However, when Victor destroys the work, the Monster in his rage destroys Victor's world by killing Elizabeth, which causes Victor to chase the monster. Solitude drives the two protagonists to find companions and when one fails to get a companion for himself, he destroys the other's companion as well, thus providing the impetus of the story.