What analogies does T. H. Huxley use in the first six paragraphs of his essay "The Method of Scientific Investigation"? How and why does he use those analogies?

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In his essay “The Method of Scientific Investigation,” T. H. Huxley uses analogies to help explain his argument.  Among the analogies used in the first six paragraphs of the essay are the following:

  • Huxley compares scientific reasoning to regular, everyday reasoning, simply suggesting that the former is more exact and precise than the latter.
  • He compares the measurements made by scientists (such as chemists) to the measurements made by ordinary businessmen (such as bakers), simply suggesting that the former are more exact and precise than the latter.
  • He compares principles of induction and deduction to the common methods used in buying pieces of fruit, such as apples.
  • He compares the principles of...

(The entire section contains 348 words.)

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