Scout and Dill at the Trial. After Dill becomes upset by Tom's treatment at the hands of the prosecutor, Scout leads Dill outside for a breath of fresh air. It is Dill's first time in a courtroom--Scout and Jem are old hands at seeing Atticus in action--and Dill is crying about what he has seen as Mr. Gilmer's disgraceful cross-examination, the way he called "him 'boy' all the time an' sneered at him." But Scout doesn't understand why Dill is so upset.
"Well, Dill, after all, he's just a Negro." (Chapter 19)
Scout's remark is somewhat unexplainable, and it is not made in a sarcastic manner. It is simply a youthful, immature viewpoint of the differences in which white men and black men are seen in Maycomb.
Scout's Description of Tom. Scout gives what she must have thought was an honest portrayal of Tom, given in a positive light. But her words are hardly politically correct, especially by 21st century standards.
Tom was a black-velvet Negro, not shiny but soft black velvet. The whites of his eyes shone in his face, and when he spoke, we saw flashes of his teeth. If he had been whole, he would have been a fine specimen of a man. (Chapter 19)
Scout and Calpurnia. Scout discovers that Calpurnia has a "modest double life" when they accompany her to the First Purchase Church. She talks much differently to her black friends than she does in the Finch house, and Scout doesn't understand it.
"Cal," I asked, "why do you talk nigger-talk to the--to your folks when you know it's not right?" (Chapter 12)