Three charged particles are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle of side 1.20 m(see (Figure 1) ). The charges are Q1 = 6.9 μC , Q2 = -9.0 μC , and Q3 = -5.0 μC .
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Q1 = 6.9 `mu` C, Q2= -9 `mu` C and Q3 = -5 `mu` C, side length, a = 1.2 m. Since the figure is not given, I am assuming Q2 and Q3 are along x-axis and Q1 is in first quadrant.
Net force on Q1 due to Q2 and Q3:
Let F21: force applied by Q2 on Q1 and F31 is force applied by Q3 on Q1.
Using F21 = kQ1Q2/a^2 = (8.998 x10^9)(6.9 x 10^-6)(-9 x 10^-6)/(1.2^2) N
= -0.388 N (negative sign indicates attractive forces)
Similarly, F31 = kQ1Q3/a^2 = (8.998 x 10^9)(6.9x10^-6)(-5x10^-6)/(1.2^2) = -0.215 N (negative force means attractive forces).
The x and y components of the forces can be calculated as:
F21x = F21 cos 60 = -0.388 cos 60 = -0.194 N (left)
F21y = F21 cos 30 = -0.388 cos 30 = -0.336 N (down)
F31x= F31 cos 60 = -0.215 cos 60 = -0.108 N (right)
F31y = F31 cos 30 = -0.215 cos 30 = - 0.186 N (down)
Net Force, Fx = -0.194 - (-0.108) N = -0.086 N (left) and Fy = -0.336+ (-0.186) = -0.522 N (down)
Magnitude of net force, F= `sqrt(Fx^2 + Fy^2)` = -0.53 N (negative sign means attractive force)
and the direction is: `theta = tan^(-1)[Fy/Fx] = tan^(-1) [-0.522/-0.086]`
= 78.3 degrees with the horizontal.
Hope this helps.
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