Federalists and Democratic Republicans

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Thomas Jefferson or Alexander Hamilton—whose vision has won out? Both Jefferson and Hamilton had a definite vision of what American society should become. Does today's United States resemble more of Hamilton's or Jefferson's ideas? 

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I think that Jefferson won.  Think about it:  Which of these two men is more famous?  Whose ideas are respected more?  Some people do not even know who Alexander Hamilton is, but every first grader knows who Thomas Jefferson is.

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Hamilton wanted a stronger federal government, while Jefferson was more of a states' rights champion. So, since the depression, you might say that we've become more Hamiltonian concerning the increase in federal power. However, Hamilton probably would not approve of the fact that this federal power is primarily exerted in creating and maintaining entitlements. Come to think of it, Jefferson probably wouldn't like that either. He saw the common man as independent and able to take care of himself, but in many ways that is not the case today. America brought this probably on herself through slavery.

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Both.  Economically, we are definitely a society that resembles what Hamilton would have wanted.  We are certainly not an agrarian society like Jefferson envisioned.  But we do have much more political and social equality than Hamilton would have wanted.  Jefferson wanted an agrarian society so we could all (at least all white men) be equal.  We seem to have, for the most part, achieved the equality even though we are far removed from a society of small farmers.

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