There are a wide variety of instructional models for educators to use when teaching students.  How do you see instructional models helping teachers to achieve the goals of their students? 

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Since instructional modes are designed by highly-trained individuals from a variety of socio-economic levels, they can act as blueprints for educators, and are especially helpful in areas in which educators have no experience. For example, there are valuable instructional guides available to educators who have no experience with non-English speakers. These guides offer practical and proven lessons to such learners for whom English is a second language. Similarly, instructional models offer a variety of instructional blueprints so that the educator can abandon ones that do not seem effective and use others. Moreover, these instructional modes save instructors much time and frustration, allowing them to assist students and individualize their attention to pupils, instead. Frankly, too, these modes are often superior to what inexperienced or incompetent teachers could construct themselves; in addition, they often act as springboards for experienced teachers, offering or giving an impetus to new, fresh ideas of their own. Then, too, an instructional mode from an organization provides an educator an objective basis for his/her instruction and a supportable frame for the educator is his/her methods are questioned by parents or administrators, or state official(s). It is reassuring, for instance, for an instructor who is challenged to point to an instructional mode as his/her lessons' plan such as this one:

In Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, Robert Marzano (2001) and his colleagues identify nine high-yield instructional strategies through a meta-analytic study of over 100 independent studies.

These strategies include the major cognitive goals of education along with methods for achieving these goals of learning content and acquisition of thinking skills. Marzano's strategies include the following:

1. Integrative Model - students attain more knowledge and develop critical thinking skills by means of matrices.  

Students are expected to do the following: describe, compare, and search for patterns; explain similarities and differences; hypothesize outcomes for different conditions; and generalize to form broad relationships.

2. Social Integration Model - Students work collaboratively, increasing learner involvement and fostering leadership skills.

3. Inductive Model - Students use what is learned to extend to generalizations and principles, thus increasing their cognitive skills and learning.

4. Concept Attainment Model - Students work with examples and non-examples in order to increasing their skills of hypothesis-testing and reasoning.

5. Concept Development Model - Building upon students' prior knowledge, students learn to draw inferences and make generalizations.

6. Problem-based Model - Concepts learned are used in problem solving and new learning that extends from has been learned in "investigative learning."

7. Direct-Instruction Model - The teacher controls the instruction, but instructs students about sufficient problem-solving skills that the control of learning. gradually shifts to learners 

8. Lecture-Discussion Model - Instruction is centered on the teacher who first uses organizers in order to preview new material that links to students' existing knowledge and ideas.

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mchandrea's profile pic

mchandrea | Student, College Junior | (Level 1) Salutatorian

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Instructional models help the teachers to achieve the goals of the students by helping the teacher with her teaching techniques. Although this may be very helpful to the teacher, this could also be helpful to the students. There are a lot of diverse models and the teacher could easily find one that suits her. I am not a teacher, but I think it would be better if the teacher could make her own teaching style and technique. As a student, I have high respects for teachers who has mastery of what their teaching. Those who teach from their minds and not from just the books. There are different ways of learning for students, and teaching for teachers. I think teachers could use instructional models as guides and inspiration but not to the point that they do it as exactly as someone else would. 

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parama9000 | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Definition of model: A thing used as an example to follow or imitate.

This is a guide for educators to follow so as to achieve an ideal learning experience as such models are based on theory and practical testing on students.

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rachellopez | Student, Grade 12 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Obviously I'm not a teacher, but after looking up some information about instructional models I see these as an essential thing for a teacher. It can help a teacher understand something that they may not have fully comprehended before and offers an aid to how they might teach someone else about the topic. It's a visual aid, which can help someone who is a visual learner understand something better. There are a lot of models to choose from if you search for them and overall it just saves you time and also from a lot of frustration. It can give you time to focus on other things like helping your students.

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