Is there a vaccine that can prevent one from getting bacterial meningitis?
Yes, there are vaccines to prevent bacterial meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord. Menactra is a vaccine given to patients between the ages of 2-55 to produce active immunization against Meningococcal disease, produced by serogroups N. Meningitidis A,C,Y and W-135.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) prior to the 1990's was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis. Children are given Hib vaccine as part of their immunization schedules. As a result, this has reduced the number of cases of Hib infection and the number of related meningitis cases. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.
Since there are vaccines against Hib, against some serogroups of N. meningitidis and many types of Streptococcus pneumoniae all of which can cause Meningitis, a person can be vaccinated to prevent many of the causes of bacterial meningitis.
When a person has meningitis, it means that the fluid surrounding the spinal cord and brain have become infected by bacteria. In addition, it also causes blood infections. It is a very serious disease and about 1 out of every 10 people that has it will die.
Meningococcal disease is a serious illness, caused by a bacteria. It is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children 2 through 18 years old in the United States.
There are two vaccines available, Menactra and Menomune. They both protect against 4 different types of meningococcal disease, although there are more types of meningitis. It is recommended that children get the vaccine when they are between the ages of 11 and 12 years of age. Other people at risk are college freshmen living in a dorm room, military recruits, and world travelers.