There are two significant biblical allusions mentioned in the film version of Moby Dick. Why are these allusions significant?

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The story of Moby Dick is filled to the brim with biblical references, from the names of the characters to Ishmael's habit of ruminating on various biblical figures. The most glaring of all of these references is the allegorical nature of the story as a whole. The story can be closely compared to that of the biblical tale of Jonah and the whale. Both stories concern men who have forsaken God and and men who are miraculously saved.

The names of the characters are also significant in the story. Ishmael was the name of Abraham's first son who was exiled to the desert when Isaac was born. Like his biblical namesake, the story's Ishmael is a bit of an outcast, adrift on an endless sea much like the biblical desert.

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There are numerous biblical allusions in both the novel and the film.  First, "the name Ahab describes a king who turns vile, suggesting that the Ahab of this novel will be a similarly conflicted leader. "  Secondly, "(t)he biblical Ishmael (Genesis 16:1–16; 21:10 ff.) is disinherited and dismissed from his home in favor of his half-brother Isaac. The name suggests that the narrator is something of an outcast, a drifter, a fellow of no particular family other than mankind. Ishmael confirms his independent ways by telling us that he seeks no special rank aboard ship and would not want to be either a cook or a captain; he says he has enough responsibility just taking care of himself.

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