Fascism/ Nazism and Communism were two approaches that claimed to be able to solve the problems of modernity. Communism asserted blame for the problems on modernity on economic wealth. The basic line of argument for the Communist follower was that those in the position of power had kept and consolidated their wealth at the cost of many. This helped to create an untenable condition of being in the world where poverty, pain, and misery was perpetrated on many. Communism sought to redistribute wealth to the majority of the people. The proletariat, the worker, was to experience greater social and economic power in Communism because the emphasis on individual wealth was replaced with a more collective notion of the good. In this shift, the Communist government stressed that it could provide the means to solve the material inequality that existed at the base of modernity's problems.
For the Fascism/ Nazism government, modernity had betrayed a vision of unity and totality that was argued as intrinsic to the human condition. The modern setting was fraught with insecurity, doubt, weakness, and complexity. These elements were targeted by the Fascism/ Nazi proponent as a reflection of the failure of modern government. The Nazism/ Fascist government sought to strengthen the state by making it the focal point of all being. Consciousness was not seen as primarily an economic condition. Rather, it was seen as a centralized and consolidated national vision. The bolstering of the central government, with one singular leader who embodied the state became the means by which the problems of modernity could be solved. The individual and charismatic leader embodied the nation's success and the strength of that leader, of that centralized state, was seen as the reason why modernity's problems could be solved. In the Communist and the Fascist/ Nazi solutions, modernity's problems were solved by a new vision of government that was professed to be able to transform what is into what can and should be.