A hurricane is a very large storm that develops over the warm waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. There are many factors that have to be working together in order for a hurricane to develop. The temperature of the water and actions of the air produce a spinning system that consists of wind, clouds, and rain.
The Saffir Simpson Scale is the scale that is used to measure hurricanes. There are five categories:
- Category One-Minimal-Wind speeds of 74 mph-95 mph
- Category Two-Moderate-96 mph-110 mph
- Category Three-Extensive-111 mph-130 mph
- Category Four-Extreme-131 mph-155 mph
- Category Five-Catastrophic-Winds speed in excess of 155 mph
The most catastrophic hurricane occurred in 1900 in Texas. There were over 8,000 deaths.
There is only one type of hurricane but there are different catagories based on the Saffir-Simpson scale: Wind speed is one determining factor. Storm surge helps to classify them to.
Category 1 - A minimal hurricane with wind speeds of 74-95 mph.
Category 2 - A moderate hurricane, wind speeds of 96-110 mph.
Category 3 - An extensive hurricane, wind speeds of 111-130 mph.
Category 4 - An extreme hurricane, wind speeds of 131-155 mph.
Category 5 - A catastrophic hurricane, wind speeds of more than 155 mph. Camille(1969) Ivan(2004).
Luckily, category 5 storms are infrequent, they cause the most damage from very high wind speeds and storm surge.
No, there are different wind intensities and they are called different names in different locations around the world.