A standing plan, as the name suggests, is something that stands the test of time. They’re plans that can be referenced and adopted regardless of the situation or context. Unlike single-use plans, standing plans are durable and long-lasting.
Considering the relative permanence of standing plans, projects could be eliminated right away. Projects change and vary over time. Standing plans can help guide a specific project, but a project, due to its particular nature, won’t make a good standing plan.
As with projects, programs would not make good standing plans either. Programs generally lay out the methods for a specific activity. Removed from that event, a program might not have much relevance.
Standards are more difficult to eliminate. Standards could be interpreted as possessing a durable, longstanding importance. After all, most companies will highlight their high, upright standards regardless of the project or program. However, viewed another way, standards could be thought of as more single-use since standards could change depending on the situation. For example, different projects and programs could lead to different standards.
Finally, there’s procedures. Procedures are the ways in which a company handles specific situations that might arise. If a coworker thinks another coworker is treating them unfairly, a company is supposed to have procedures so that the coworker can issue a complaint without impacting their performance or status within the company. Regardless of the project, program, or standards, these procedures should stay the same. To change the procedures would imply favorability or bias, which isn’t fair. Thus, in this light, procedures become long-standing plans and the answer to the multiple-choice question.