Are there any instances of flashbacks or foreshadowing in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens?
For the most part, the narrative of Great Expectations is flashback since it is an adult Pip who retells his childhood and expectations to be a gentleman. However, within the narrative, there are often times that Pip is reminded of the convict in the graveyard. For instance, when Pip is on the coach from the Blue Boar in Chapter XXVIII, and he overhears two convicts who are being transported, he is reminded of the incident in the Jolly Bargemen as the one speaks of the two pound notes that Pip received. After overhearing their dialogue, Pip thinks of the prison boat of long ago:
In my fancy, I saw the boat with its convict crew waiting for them at the slime-washed stairs,—again heard the gruff “Give way, you!” like an order to dogs—again saw the wicked Noah's Ark lying out on the black water.
In another instance, in Chapter XXXII as Pip follows Wemmick on his visit to Newgate Prison, Pip senses his continuing guilt and recalls the old convict,
I consumed the whole time in thinking how strange it was that I should be encompassed by all this taint of prison and crime; that, in my childhood, out on our lonely marshes on a winter evening I should have first encountered it; that, it should have reappeared on two occasions, starting out like a stain that was faded but not gone; that, in this new way it should pervade my fortune and advancement.
in chapter XXXVIII, Pip returns to Satis House with Estella to visit Miss Havisham and he recalls,
As I looked round at them, and at the pale gloom they made, and at the stopped clock, and at the withered articles of bridal dress upon the table and the ground, and at her own awful figure with its ghostly reflection thrown large by the fire upon the ceiling and the wall, I saw in everything the construction that my mind had come to, repeated and thrown back to me.
In this same Chapter XXXII, there is also foreshadowing as Pip ends with an ominous question that foreshadows the return of Magwitch in his life,
What was the nameless shadow which again in that one instant had passed?
Earlier examples of foreshadowing of the return of Magwitch include the repeated allusions to the convict as Pip in Chapter III feels the damp cold "that seemed rieted as the iron was rieted to the leg of the man I was running to meet." The file that the stranger stirs at the Jolly Bargeman in Chapter X, the man who gives Pip the two-pound notes foreshadows the fact that Magwitch will be Pip's benefactor.
Miss Havisham's wedding dress and strange behavior foreshadows that her history will be revealed, Pip's feeling that Estella reminds him of someone he has seen foreshadows the revelation of her parentage. Mr Jaggers's being a criminal lawyer and bringing Pip his "great expectations" foreshadows the connection of Magwitch, and the storm on the Magwitch appears on the steps of Barnard Inn also foreshadows his appearance.