Is there an example of verbal irony in book 12 of The Odyssey?

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In book 12 of the Odyssey, Circe employs a great deal of verbal irony in the form of overstatement when she addresses Odysseus and his crew after the burial of Elpenor. She has a dramatic manner of speech that seeks to impress her listeners, and though her tone is...

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In book 12 of the Odyssey, Circe employs a great deal of verbal irony in the form of overstatement when she addresses Odysseus and his crew after the burial of Elpenor. She has a dramatic manner of speech that seeks to impress her listeners, and though her tone is not at all sarcastic, her hyperbolic word choices intensify the drama of her messages. Here are two examples.

When Circe first greets Odysseus and his men, she addresses them in a complimentary way that some readers may interpret as overblown: "Ah my daring, reckless friends! You who ventured down to the House of Death alive, doomed to die twice over—others die just once." As it is humanly impossible to die twice, Circe chooses to flatter the men by suggesting that they are somehow capable of accomplishing what cannot be done by typical men. If she wanted to speak simply, without overstating the men's courage, she may have said something like "Ah my daring, reckless friends! You risked your lives by doing that."

When Circe engages Odysseus on his own, she warns him of the Sirens with more hyperbole: "Whoever draws too close, off guard, and catches the Sirens' voice in the air—no sailing home for him, no wife rising to meet him, no happy children beaming up at their father's face." Her repetition of the dire consequences of an encounter with the Sirens certainly communicates the risk clearly, but she exaggerates the potential emotion of the situation by using evocative words like "home," "wife," and "children" all in the same sentence. If Circe had chosen to speak simply, without verbal irony, she may have said something like "whoever draws too close, off guard, and catches the Sirens' voice in the air—he will not make it to his destination."

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There are three kinds of verbal irony: sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement.  The Odyssey is short on sarcasm and understatement; as a work from the epic tradition with elements of science fiction fantasy, it is heavy on overstatement:

In book XII, examples are as follow:

Speaking of the Scylla and Charybdis, Circe says this to Odysseus:"Here not even a bird may pass, no, not even the timid doves that bring ambrosia to Father Jove, but the sheer rock always carries off one of them, and Father Jove has to send another to make up their number; no ship that ever yet came to these rocks has got away again, but the waves and whirlwinds of fire are freighted with wreckage and with the bodies of dead men."  No ship has ever gotten away?  Hmm...  Sounds like overstatement to me...

Circe says this Odysseus, who wants to fight Scylla and Charybdis: ""'You dare-devil,' replied the goddess, you are always wanting to fight somebody or something; you will not let yourself be beaten even by the immortals."  Always fighting?  I think not...  More overstatement.

She also says, "Neptune himself could not save you."  Hyperbole, exaggeration, verbal irony.

The sirens likewise use verbal irony: "No one ever sailed past us without staying to hear the enchanting sweetness of our song- and he who listens will go on his way not only charmed, but wiser, for we know all the ills that the gods laid upon the Argives and Trojans before Troy, and can tell you everything that is going to happen over the whole world.' "  No one?  Overstatement.

Then Odysseus says, "My Friends, this is not the first time that we have been in danger, and we are in nothing like so bad a case as when the Cyclops shut us up in his cave."  Not the first time, huh?  That's an understatement!

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