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There are 5 kind of psalms: praise, wisdom, royal, thankgiving, lament. There are 4 kinds of prayer: adoration, contrition, thankgiving, supplication. Can you define each kind of psalms and each kind of prayer?  

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litteacher8 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Wow, those are detailed questions and answers.  I think that you need to remember that you will choose the psalms and prayer based on the occasion.  There are this many so that you will be able to find the one you need based on when you need it.

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kmcappello eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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A psalm is a type of sacred song or poem, and the most famous psalms can be found in the Bible.  Though there are many subcategories, the five that you mention are the most popular.  Psalms of praise are also known as hymns, and were written in order to celebrate God.  Psalms of wisdom have a moral or teach a lesson.  The royal psalms are about kingship and how kings can help their people be closer to God. Psalms of thanksgiving are written to thank God for something he has done.  Finally, psalms of lament are about a painful experience or event.  They are written as a way of bearing the pain associated with that event.

The types of prayer you refer to are those typically recognized by the Catholic church, though there are certainly many different types and ways to pray.  In Catholic doctrine, prayers of adoration are similar to psalms of praise; they pay tribute to the wonder of God.  Prayers of contrition allow a person to acknowledge their sins and ask for forgiveness.  Prayers of thanksgiving, like psalms of thanksgiving, are a way of saying "thanks" to God.  Prayers of supplication or petition are the most common; they allow a person to ask God for help with something.

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mshargaden eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The book of Psalms contains 150 poems meant to be heard out loud and maybe set to music as part of a religious service.  Traditionally, they were thought to have been written by David, but modern scholars tend to think that they were composed by many different individuals over the course of many years.

Psalms of praise generally focus on the nature of God and not on specific things He has done.  They tell about God's attributes and encourage the believer to praise Him for his goodness, righteousness,...

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mkcapen1 | Student

Since the others have done such a wonderful job of explaining what the Psalms represent I will give you some examples of the types of prayers.

Matthew 6:9-15 "After this manner therefore pray ye,"- Teaches man how to pray. Prayer of Supplication.

Matthew 9:18  "My daughter is now dead; but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.  Prayer of Supplication .  Asks Christ to have child live again.

Matthew 21:6-9  " "out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise."  Adoration prayers.  The people have placed Christ on the donkey and laid down palm leaves to honor him.

Matthew  26:39  ""O, my Father, if it be possible,
let this cup pass from me; never less not as I will, but as thou wilst."  Prayer of Supplication.  Christ asks God for help.

Mark  14:22-26  This were the statements made by Christ at the last supper.  The apostles sang a prayer song.  It is most likely to be a prayer of Thanksgiving.

Luke 1:46-55   Mary's Song of Praise." My soul glorifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God ... "

I hope this helps.


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